Over the past two decades increasing interest has emerged in the contribu- tions that the social sciences might make to the epidemiological study of patterns of health and disease. Several reasons can be cited for this increasing interest. Primary among these has been the rise of the chronic, non-infectious diseases as important causes of morbidity and mortality within Western populations during the 20th century. Generally speaking, the chronic, non- infectious diseases are strongly influenced by lifestyle variables, which are themselves strongly influenced by social and cultural forces. The under- standing of the effects of the behavioral factors in, say, hypertension, thus requires an understanding of the social and cultural factors which encourage obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, non-compliance with anti-hypertensive medica- tions (or other prescribed regimens), and stress. Equally, there is a growing awareness that considerations of human behavior and its social and cultural determinants are important for understanding the distribution and control of infectious diseases.
Related to this expansion of epidemiologic interest into the behavioral realm 'has been the development of etiological models which focus on the psychological, biological and socio-cultural characteristics of hosts, rather than exclusive concern with exposure to a particular agent or even behavioral risk. Also during this period advances in statistical and computing techniques have made accessible the ready testing of multivariate causal models, and so have encouraged the measurement of the effects of social and cultural factors on disease occurrence.
`This book will be a valuable addition to the libraries of schools of public health and departments of preventive medicine; but even more to medical school libraries where some of the approaches described are little known at this time.'
Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review (1988)
`...a most welcome book, It is the first of its kind, which in its title and content clearly confirms the strong link between health, disease and socio-cultural context.'
Health Policy and Planning, 3:2
`The book is good, and should certainly be ordered for university libraries wherever anthropology is taught.'
British Medical Anthropology Society Newletter (1988)
Section I: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives.- Introduction: Medical Anthropology and Epidemiology.- Early Work in Anthropology and Epidemiology: From Social Medicine to the Germ Theory, 1840 to 1920.- Anthropology and Epidemiology in the Twentieth Century: A Selective History of Collaborative Projects and Theoretical Affinities, 1920 to 1970.- Section II: Infectious Diseases.- Epidemiological Research on Infectious Disease: Quantitative Rigor or Rigormortis? Insights from Eth-nomedicine.- Ethnicity, Ecology, and Mortality Transitions in Northwestern Thailand.- The AIDS Epidemic in San Francisco: Epidemiological and Anthropological Perspectives.- Section III: Non-Infectious Diseases.- Migration and Hypertension: An Ethnography of Disease Risk in an Urban Samoan Community.- The Meaning of Lumps: A Case Study of the Ambiguities of Risk.- Section IV: Psycho-Social Conditions.- Colonial Stress in the Canadian Arctic: An Ethnography of Young Adults Changing.- Respondent-Identified Reasons for Change and Stability in Alcohol Consumption as a Concomitant of the Aging Process.- Identifying Psychosocial Disorders in Children: On Integrating Epidemiological and Anthropological Understandings.- List of Contributors.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.
Series: Culture, Illness, and Healing
Number Of Pages: 364
Published: 31st December 1986
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.51