Animal rights sounds like a modern idea, but in fact -- for over three millennia -- philosophers, theologians, and political theorists have grappled with the question of our obligations toward animals. This comprehensive and diverse anthology, the only one of its kind, illuminates the complex evolution of moral thought regarding animals and includes writings from ancient Greece to the present. Animal Rights reveals the ways in which a variety of thinkers have addressed such issues as our ethical responsibilities for the welfare of animals, whether animals have rights, and what it means to be human. The anthology adds a much-needed historical depth to current controversies, and the preface by Andrew Linzey dispels many of the misconceptions about the animal rights movement. In light of the growing interest in animal rights, this volume is an indispensable resource for scholars and activists alike. Animal Rights includes writings from Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Hume, Hegel, Marx, Kant, Bertrand Russell, John Stuart Mill, Nietzsche, John Rawls, Robert Nozick, and Peter Singer.
"The anthology adds a much-needed historical depth to current controversies." -- BMS Book News: Interaction "This volume well serves the purposes that the editors set for it." -- David Corner, Between the Species
Foreword Beyond caricature: preface to the Columbia University press edition Pt. I. Differences between humans and animals 1. Creation of the universe 2. Animals are not political 3. Animals are not rational creatures 4. The human and the beast 5. Animals as automata 6. Animals have no language 7. Understanding in animals 8. A response to Locke 9. Of the reason of animals 10. On animal souls 11. Freedom of the will 12. Organic difference 13. Animals have no concepts 14. Animals are not self-aware 15. An animal is not a species being 16. On the genius of species 17. The lure of the simple distinction Pt. II. Dominion and the limits to power 1. The golden age 2. Animals are for our use 3. Rational domination 4. Unrestricted dominion 5. Difference does not justify domination 6. Animals in the cosmic hierarchy 7. The right of nature 8. Dominion is subject to law 9. The workmanship model 10. Responsibility to the weak 11. Animals do not make war on humans 12. Animals may be used 13. Dominion and property 14. The limits to power 15. Animals as utilities 16. Nature teaches mutual aid 17. Dominion as power 18. Critique of the principle of domination 19. Dominion is social Pt. III. Justice, rights and obligations 1. Justice requires friendship 2. No friendship with irrational creatures 3. Exclusion from friendship is not rational 4. The government of animals 5. Animals have no intrinsic rights 6. Cruelty is not natural 7. No justice without equality 8. Differences do not justify inequality 9. Duties to animals are indirect 10. Animals are not constitutional persons 11. The inalienable rights of animals 12. All nature suffers 13. Limits to the rights over animals 14. Duty to minimize suffering 15. Duties to animals are direct 16. The principle of animal rights 17. Pity for animals 18. Duties to life 19. Outside the scope of the theory of justice 20. The rights of animals 21. All animals are equal 22. Constraints and animals 23. The feminist challenge 24. The struggle for animal rights