Animal Physiology, Fourth Edition, presents all the branches of modern animal physiology with a strong emphasis on integration of physiological knowledge, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Integration extends from genes to organ systems and from one physiological discipline to another. The book takes an entirely fresh approach to each topic. Its full-color illustrations include many novel, visually-effective features to help students learn. Each of the twenty-five main chapters starts with an animal example to engage student interest and demonstrate the value of the material that will be learned. The book includes five additional, briefer "At Work" chapters that apply students' newfound physiological knowledge to curiosity-provoking and important topics, including diving by marine mammals, the mechanisms of navigation, and muscle plasticity in use and disuse.
The book is committed to a comparative approach throughout. Whereas mammalian physiology is consistently treated in depth, emphasis is also given to the other vertebrate groups, arthropods, and molluscs. Concepts and integrative themes are emphasized while giving students the specifics they need.
The whole animal is the principal focus of this book. The book's extensive coverage of genomics and cellular-molecular biology is therefore carefully linked to whole-animal biology. With this edition, coverage of physiologically relevant genomics has been greatly expanded. The subject matter of animal physiology is also linked to topics in human affairs, such as athletic training and global warming. Always, the central organizing principle for the array of topics presented is to understand whole animals in the environments where they live.
Complex principles are developed clearly using classroom-tested pedagogy, often with carefully designed conceptual illustrations. Concepts from chemistry, physics, and mathematics are explained so that the book will be accessible to science students at the sophomore or higher level. Pedagogical aids include embedded summaries throughout chapters, study questions (with online answers), partially annotated reference lists, an extensive glossary, ten appendices (covering logarithms, phylogenetically independent contrasts, basic physics terms, etc.), and an upgraded index. Carefully worded balloons are used extensively to guide students through the interpretation of figures. For all three authors, teaching physiology to undergraduate students has been a lifelong priority.
The Animal Physiology Companion Website includes content that expands on the coverage in the textbook as well as study and review resources for students.
*Chapter Outlines & Summaries provide quick overviews and reviews of each chapter
*Box Extensions expand on topics introduced in the textbook and cover important additional conceptual material
*Online Quizzes cover key material in each chapter. These can be assigned by the instructor or used as self-quizzes.
*Flashcards help students learn and review the many new terms introduced in the textbook
For Instructors (available to qualified adopters)
The Animal Physiology, Fourth Edition Instructor's Resource Library (IRL) contains a wealth of resources for use in lecture development and assessment. Contents include:
*Figures & Tables: All of the textbook's figures (both line art and photographs) are provided as JPEG files at two sizes: high-resolution (excellent for use in PowerPoint) and low-resolution (ideal for web pages and other uses). All the artwork has been reformatted and optimized for exceptional image quality when projected in class.
*Unlabeled Figures: Unlabeled versions of all figures are provided
*Figures & Tables: Includes all the figures and tables from the chapter, making it easy to insert any figure into an existing presentation
*Layered Art PowerPoints: Selected key figures throughout the textbook are prepared as step-by-step and animated presentations that build the figure one piece at a time
The Test Bank consists of a broad range of questions covering the key facts and concepts in each chapter. Both multiple-choice and short-answer questions are provided. The Test Bank also includes the Companion Website online quiz questions.
The Computerized Test Bank is provided in the Diploma exam-creation program (software included). Diploma makes it easy to assemble quizzes and exams from any combination of publisher-provided questions and instructor-created questions. In addition, quizzes and exams can be exported to many different course management systems, such as Blackboard, WebCT, and Moodle.
Answers to End-of-Chapter Questions
Preface PART 1. FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSIOLOGYChapter 1. Animals and Environments: Function on the Ecological StageChapter 2. Molecules and Cells in Animal PhysiologyChapter 3. Genomics, Proteomics, and Related Approaches to PhysiologyChapter 4. Physiological Development and EpigeneticsChapter 5. Transport of Solutes and WaterPART II. FOOD, ENERGY, AND TEMPERATUREChapter 6. Nutrition, Feeding, and DigestionChapter 7. Energy MetabolismChapter 8. Aerobic and Anaerobic Forms of MetabolismChapter 9. The Energetics of Aerobic ActivityChapter 10. Thermal RelationsChapter 11. Food, Energy, and Temperature AT WORK: The Lives of Mammals in Frigid PlacesPART III. INTEGRATING SYSTEMSChapter 12. NeuronsChapter 13. SynapsesChapter 14. Sensory ProcessesChapter 15. Nervous System Organization and Biological ClocksChapter 16. Endocrine and Neuroendocrine PhysiologyChapter 17. ReproductionChapter 18. Integrating Systems AT WORK: Animal NavigationPART IV. MOVEMENT AND MUSCLEChapter 19. Control of Movement: The Motor Bases of Animal BehaviorChapter 20. MuscleChapter 21. Movement and Muscle AT WORK: Plasticity in Response to Use and DisusePART V. OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INTERNAL TRANSPORTChapter 22. Introduction to Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide PhysiologyChapter 23. External Respiration: The Physiology of BreathingChapter 24. Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in Body Fluids (with an Introduction to Acid-Base Physiology)Chapter 25. CirculationChapter 26. Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, and Internal Transport AT WORK: Diving by Marine MammalsPART VI. WATER, SALTS, AND EXCRETIONChapter 27. Water and Salt Physiology: Introduction and MechanismsChapter 28. Water and Salt Physiology of Animals in Their EnvironmentsChapter 29. Kidneys and Excretion (with Notes on Nitrogen Excretion)Chapter 30. Water, Salts, and Excretion AT WORK: Mammals of Deserts and Dry SavannasAppendix A. The Systeme International and Other Units of MeasureAppendix B. Prefixes Indicating Orders of MagnitudeAppendix C. Gases at Standard Temperature and PressureAppendix D. Fitting Lines to DataAppendix E. LogarithmsAppendix F. Exponential and Allometric EquationsAppendix G. Phylogenetically Independent ContrastsAppendix H. Mitosis and MeiosisAppendix I. The Standard Amino AcidsAppendix J. Basic Physics TermsAppendix K. Summary of Major Bloodborne Hormones in Mammals GlossaryPhotograph CreditsFigure and Table CitationsAdditional ReferencesIndex
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 500
Published: 4th December 2017
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Inc.,U.S.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 28.58 x 24.13
Weight (kg): 2.51
Edition Number: 4