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Animal Groups in Three Dimensions : How Species Aggregate - Julia K. Parrish

Animal Groups in Three Dimensions

How Species Aggregate

By: Julia K. Parrish (Editor), William M. Hamner (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 13th December 1997
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Schools of fish, flocks of birds, and swarms of insects are examples of three-dimensional aggregation. Covering both invertebrate and vertebrate species, the authors investigate this pervasive biological phenomenon through a variety of disciplines, from physics to mathematics to biology. The first section is devoted to the various methods, mainly optical and acoustic, used to collect three-dimensional data over time. The second section focuses on analytical methods used to quantify pattern, group kinetics, and interindividual interactions within the group. The section on behavioral ecology and evolution deals with the functions of aggregative behavior from the point of view of an inherently selfish individual member. The final section uses models to elucidate how group dynamics at the individual level creates emergent pattern at the level of the group.

' ... worthwhile book with something in it for everyone who is interested in animal groups.' Ethology ' ... has definite possibilities for the imaginative production of project work at the undergraduate level, using some concepts of applied mathematics and many standard techniques of calculus and statistics.' Peter Giblin, The Mathematical Gazette

Unifying principles, galactic framework, and the holy grails of aggregation
Imaging and Measurement
Methods for three-dimensional sensing of animals
Analytical and digital photogrammetry
Acoustic visualization of three-dimensional animal aggregations in the ocean
Three-dimensional structure and dynamics of bird flocks
Three-dimensional measurements of swarming mosquitos: a probabilistic model, measuring system, and example output Terumi
Analysis
Quantitative analysis of animal movements in congregations
Movements of animals in congregations: an Eularian analysis of bark beetle swarming
Individual decisions, traffic rules, and emergent pattern in schooling fish
Aggregate behavior in zooplankton: phototactic swarming in four developmental stages of Coullana canadensis (Copepoda harpacticoida)
Behavioural Ecology and Evolution
Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?: the conflict between individuality and group membership
Why are some members more likely to be on the outside of the group?: Testing the evolutionary predictions
Costs and benefits as a function of group size: experiments on a swarming mysid Paramesopodopsis rufa fenton
Predicting the three-dimensional structure of animal aggregations from functional consideration: The role of information
Perspectives on sensory integration systems: problems, opportunities, and predictions
Models
Conceptual and methodological issues in the modeling of biological aggregations
Schooling as a strategy for chemotaxis in a noisy environment
Trail following as an adaptable mechanism for popular behavior
Metabolic models of fish school behaviour: The need for quantitative observations
Social forces in animal congregations: interactive, motivational and sensory aspects
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521460248
ISBN-10: 0521460247
Series: Psychiatry and Medicine
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 402
Published: 13th December 1997
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 25.3 x 17.7  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 1.19