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Analysis of the Composition and Structure of Glass and Glass Ceramics : Schott Glass and Glass Ceramics - Hans Bach

Analysis of the Composition and Structure of Glass and Glass Ceramics

Schott Glass and Glass Ceramics

By: Hans Bach (Editor), Dieter Krause (Editor)

Hardcover Published: January 1999
ISBN: 9783540586104
Number Of Pages: 528

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This volume describes the analysis of the composition and structure of glass and glass ceramics, which lays the foundations for - supervision of production processes, including raw materials, evaporation from the melt, exhaust gases, and environmental concerns;- troubleshooting in case of glass defects in combination with research for the design of faultless (in the ppm range) or at least high-yield processes;- understanding the origin of customer complaints because of unfulfilled expectations concerning material properties or product behaviour.The book is conceived as a monograph. The individual chapters, however, are written by leading Schott experts on the corresponding subjects. Many figures, tables, and examples are chosen to introduce the reader to thin-film science and technology.

Industry Reviews

"This is an authoritative book, well written and logically set out, and illustrated clearly with table s and figures. ...With its overall depth of information, this book will undoubtedly be of interest and of practical use to many researchers, engineers and technologists working in the glass and glass ceramic fields, and of especial interest to those involved specifically in the analysis of these materials." I.W. Donald, Glass Technology, 2000, 41,6 "This book is part of the Schott Series on Glass and Glass Ceramics (mainly oxide systems). This volume is very practical and should help people working in chemical and structural analysis of glass and glass ceramics. It gives a very comprehensive understanding of the analytical techniques available and their limitations; it also gives very useful 'recipes'. The book is divided into 6 major parts, each of them focusing on a specific topic related to the analysis of the composition and structure of glass and glass ceramics." Silicates Industriels Ceramic, 2000, 65, 7-8 '

Overview
The Chemical Analysis of Glasses, Glass Ceramics, and Related Materials
Sampling and Sample Preparation
Mechanical Pretreatment Before Digestion
Methods of Decomposing Glasses and Glass Ceramics for Analysis
Methods of Preparing Samples for Analysis in the Solid State
Methods for Digested (Wet) Samples
Gravimetric Methods
Volumetric Methods
Molecular Absorption Spectroscopy (MAS)
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS)
Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (AES)
Infrared (IR) Detection and Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity
Mass Spectrometry
Methods for Direct Instrumental Analysis of Solid Samples
Inductively Coupled Mass Spectrometry with Laser Ablation System
Electron Probe Microanalysis (EPMA)
X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Analysis
Special Applications of XRF in the Glass Industry
Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)
Gas-Analysis and Extraction Methods
Specific Examples and Results for Glass and Glass Ceramics
Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Major Components
Species Analysis
Quantitative Analysis of Trace-Element Concentrations
Quantitative Analysis of Water Content
Quantitative Analysis of Gas Content
Analysis of Cullet, Dust, Sludge, and Waste Water
The Quasi-Static Structure of Oxide Glasses
How to Describe the Topological Structure of Glasses
The Concept of Atom-Specific Structure Elements (ASEs) for Oxide Glasses
Distribution of ASEs in Binary Silicate Glasses
Some Selected Methods of Determining ASEs
Mossbauer Spectroscopy
Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)
X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS)
Raman Spectroscopy
Quantitative Results for ASEs
Binary Silicate Glasses
Sodium Aluminosilicate Glasses (NAS Glasses)
Sn and Sb in Sodium Silicate Glasses
NMR Investigation of the Structure of Glasses: Conventional MAS NMR Experiments
Advantages and Limitations of NMR
Results of Structural Studies of Glasses
Two-Dimensional NMR Investigation of the Structure of Glasses: Novel Approaches
Measurements of Q[superscript {n}] Group Connectivities and of Borate Units in Glasses
Measurement of Heterogroup Connectivities (Structural Units with Different Central Atoms)
Characterization of Oxygen Bonds in Glasses with [superscript 17]O DAS and MQMAS NMR
Order Phenomena in Extruded Calcium Phosphate Glasses
Thermochemistry and Structure of Oxide Glasses
Thermodynamic Features of the Glassy State
Structural Aspects in the Thermodynamic Treatment of Mixed Phases
Glasses as Medium Range Order (MRO) Mixtures
Quantitative Thermochemical Treatment of Glasses and Glass Melts
How Can Computer Simulations Contribute to the Understanding of the Static Structure of Glasses?
The Molecular Dynamics Method
Basic Features of a Molecular Dynamics Program: An Introduction for the Novice
A Case Study: Cooling-Rate Dependence of the Structure of Amorphous SiO[subscript 2]
Flow-Induced Anisotropies in Glasses and Glass Melts
Birefringence and Internal Stresses
Birefringence by External Elastic Stresses or Strains
Birefringence by Flow Stresses or Deformation Rates (Flow Birefringence)
Double-Phase Glasses and Glass Melts ([eta] ] 10[superscript 7] Pas)
Optical "Anomalous" Anisotropic Glasses and Melts
Dynamics of the Glass Structure
Applying the Dynamics of the Structure to Tailor the Glass Properties
The Original Tool Model, Derived with a Double-Well-Potential Consideration
Monitoring the Structural Dynamics via a Dynamic Measurement of the Specific Heat
The Tool - Narayanaswamy Model
Tailoring Two Exemplary Glass Properties
How Can Computer Simulations Contribute to the Understanding of the Dynamics of Glasses and Glass Melts?
Model and Details of the Simulation
Results
How Can Inelastic Neutron Scattering Contribute to the Understanding of the Dynamics of Glasses?
Neutron Measurements
Data Analysis
Implications for Sound Wave Scattering
Titania-Activated Nucleation in Lithium - Aluminosilicate Glass Ceramics Investigated by Raman Spectroscopy
Titanium Coordination in SiO[subscript 2] . nLiAlO[subscript 2] Glass
Titanium Segregation from the Glass Network
Nucleation at Silicate Glass Surfaces
Experimental Procedure
Surface Nucleation Kinetics
Surface Nucleation Sites
Benefit of a Tuneable Surface Nucleation Density
Chemical Resistance and Corrosion, and Ion Release
Requirements for Different Glass Products
Determination Methods and Standards, and Specific Examples
Ionic Processes between Glasses and Solutions
The Electrochemically Structured Interface Glass/Solution: Interfacial Equilibria
Interfacial Equilibria Under the Influence of Subsurface Concentration Gradients
Specific Reactions Between Glasses and Solutions: An Example
Development of Glasses with Improved Corrosion Resistance
Requirements Profile and Design
Chemical Stability
Coincidence, Trial and Error
Thermodynamics of Glass Corrosion
Physical Boundary Conditions in Different Corrosion Scenarios
Discussion of Individual Corrosion Models
The Gibbs Free Energy of Hydration of Multi-Component Glasses
Surface and Subsurface Effects
Application of a Corrosion Model
Analysis and Diagnosis of Local Defects
Bubbles
Analysis of Gaseous Inclusions
Bubble Defect Diagnosis
Knots, Striae, and Stones
Glass Interaction with AZS
Microphase Separation in Glasses
Two-Phase Glasses and Functional Change of Microphases
Multiple Phase Separation
Droplet Agglomeration after Secondary Phase Separation
Shell Formation Around Microphases
Other Practical Significances of Phase Separation Processes in Glasses
Control of Phase Separation
General Conclusions on Immiscibility Behaviour and Microstructure
Metal Inclusions: Platinum
Sources of Platinum
Phosphate Laser Glass Melting Experiments
Platinum Particle Detection in Phosphate Laser Glasses
Basis for Platinum Particle Detection: Laser-Induced Damage
Description of the Pt-Inclusion Inspection System
Inclusion Test Specification and Procedures
Past System Operational Experience and Current Status
List of Contributors
Sources of Figures and Tables
Index
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540586104
ISBN-10: 3540586105
Series: Schott Glass and Glass Ceramics
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 528
Published: January 1999
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 15.49  x 3.3
Weight (kg): 0.86

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