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Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposal : Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1 - Ashot A. Sarkisov

Analysis of Risks Associated with Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposal

Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1

By: Ashot A. Sarkisov (Editor), Alain Tournyol du Clos (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1999
ISBN: 9780792355977
Number Of Pages: 443

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A great number of nuclear submarines are due to be decommissioned before 2000. The political decisions surrounding the disposal of nuclear compartments, radioactive wastes and spent fuel differ appreciably between the countries that own the boats. The decision makers involved thus need help in comparing and assessing alternative options for the decommissioning of their nuclear submarine fleets. The present volume offers such assistance, with its discussions of the risks associated with long-term water storage of the boats, radioactive and chemical contamination, spent fuel and waste management, and handling and recycling reactor compartments.

Prefacep. xi
General Overview of the Problem Statusp. 1
Overview of the 1995 NATO ARW on Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning and Related Problemsp. 3
A Structured Methodology for Multiple Stakeholder Involvement in the Management of Risks from Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning and Disposalp. 9
Russian Nuclear Submarine Utilisation Probabilistic Risk Assessmentp. 17
Monitoring Control Levels of Radioactive Contamination of the Sea Water at Nuclear Submarines Decommissioning and Establishment of Criteria of Interventionp. 19
Normative-Legal Aspects of Nuclear and Radiation Safety Provision during Nuclear Submarine Decommissioning, Storage and Utilizationp. 23
Risks Connected with Long Term Waterborne Storage of Decommissioned Nuclear Submarinesp. 27
Risk Analysis and Safety Measures as Applied to Long-Term Waterborne Storage of Russian Northern Fleet Decommissioned Nuclear Submarinesp. 29
Enhancement of Safety at Storaging Nuclear Power Plants of Warships Removed from Operation Pending their Decommissioningp. 33
Accident Risk Associated with Fuelled Decommissioned Nuclear Powered Submarinesp. 41
Risk Assessments for Non-Defuelled, Decommissioned Nuclear Submarines: a NATO/CCMS/NACC Pilot Studyp. 53
The Present State and Problems of Radioecological Monitoring of the Pacific Fleet Objects and Territoriesp. 65
Assessment and Predication for Radiation and Hygienic Consequences from Operation of Naval Nuclear Sites and Facilitiesp. 71
Analysis of Radioactivity Release from Second Generation Nuclear Submarines Reactor Compartment during Prolonged Storage Afloat after Unloading Spent Nucelar Fuelp. 81
Nuclear Risks from Decommissioned Nuclear Submarines with Non-Defueled Reactorsp. 87
Possibilities for Reducing Radiation and Ecological Impact upon Personnel and the Environment in the Course of Temporary Keeping, Scrapping and Long-Term Storage of Nuclear Submarinesp. 95
The BR3 Decommissioning Project: a Pilot for Submarine Reactorsp. 103
Risks of Radioactive and Chemical Contamination Associated with Nuclear Submarines Dismantlingp. 119
Methodology of Cost Assessment of Radiation Risk and Annual Man-Rem during Dismantling Work in Russian Nuclear Energy and Industryp. 121
Alternatives for Disposition of Nuclear Facilities in the United Statesp. 131
Problems of Safe Application of Laser Technological Process for Disassembly of the Nuclear Installations of NSMp. 137
Comparative Estimation of Various Technologies of Nuclear Powered Submarines Disintegration from the Point of View of Radiating and Ecological Safetyp. 145
Risks Encountered in Nuclear Decommissioning and their Applicability to Nuclear Submarine Decommissioningp. 155
Issues of Personnel Protection from Toxic Materials Penetrating into the Atmosphere of Working Sites under Conditions of Nuclear Submarine Recyclingp. 165
Risks Associated with Spent Fuel and Waste Managementp. 169
Geological Aspects of Handling of Radioactive Wastes (RAW) and Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) In Decommissioning of Nuclear Submarines (NS)p. 171
On the Possibility of Underwater Storage of Defueled Nuclear Submarine Reactor Compartmentsp. 187
Dynamic Modeling of Physical Phenomena for Probabilistic Assessment of Spent Fuel Accidentsp. 201
A Potential Method for Stabilization and Packaging of Damaged Naval Spent Fuelp. 217
Risks Posed by Out of Service Russian Nuclear Submarines and Proposed Methods to Minimize the Risksp. 223
Ecological Estimate of Various Methods for Handling Radioactive Materials and Constructions in Course of the NPS Utilizationp. 237
Minimizing the Risks Associated with Low and Medium Activity Waste Processing and Disposalp. 243
Training as a Part of Risk Minimization Process and Staff Securityp. 249
Principal Solutions on Environment Protection from the Spent Nuclear Fuel of Stationary and Transportable Nuclear Power Plants with the Use of Metal and Concrete Containersp. 257
Problems of Utilization of Cores and Nuclear Submarine Compartments with Lead-Bismuth Cooled Reactorsp. 261
Conceptual Approaches to Handling of Reactor Compartments of NPS under Recyclingp. 265
Assessment of Environmental Safety for Long Storage of Reactor Compartments Enclosing Radioactive Equipment of Nuclear Stem Supply System from Nuclear Submarines Being Utilizedp. 267
Experience of the NPS Utilization at the Enterprise "Zvyozdochka" and Ecological and Safety Problemsp. 283
Design Support to Minimize the Risk of the Environmental Impact of Damaged Nuclear Steam-Generating Plants of Russian Nuclear Submarines during their Long-Term Storage in Sarcophagusesp. 291
Nuclear Fuel Cycle for Russian Ship Spent Nuclear Fuel: Reprocessing or Direct Disposal?p. 303
Current State and Key Problems of Nuclear Submarine Utilization in Russiap. 313
Conclusionsp. 317
Conclusionsp. 319
Posters Reportp. 323
Major Ecological Problems Related to Operation and Decommissioning of Nuclear Submarinesp. 325
Radioecological Hazards from Decommissioning and Recycling of Nuclear Propelled Shipsp. 331
Hazard of Accident and Wrecked Nuclear Powered Submarines: How Can the Mankind Solve the Problem?p. 339
Creation of Antimigration Barriers for Restoration of Aquifers Contaminated with Radwastep. 355
Application of Laser Technology for Decontamination of Steels and Alloys Used in Nuclear Power Industryp. 361
Main Position of Conception of the Underground Localization in Permafrost of Large-Sized Radiation-Dangerous Object (LSO) Formed in North-West Region of Russiap. 365
The Concept of Radioecologically Safe, Industrial Process for Recycling of Decommissioned Nuclear Submarinesp. 377
Radioactive Waste Management at Enterprises of the Russian Ministry of Economy. Conceptual Considerationsp. 383
Legal and Technical-Standard Ensuring of Nuclear Powered Submarines Utilization in Russiap. 393
Integrated Method for Radiological Decontamination of Metal Surfaces and Treatment of Spent Solutionsp. 397
Small Mobile Installation for Reprocessing of Radioactive Waste from Technological Circuits of Nuclear Power Facilities of Nuclear Submarines Subject to Recyclingp. 405
Development of Safe Technologies for Handling Liquid Radioactive Waste at Naval Sites/Facilities: Experience and Prospectsp. 419
Utilization of Europium-Containing Control Rods by Development of Gamma-Europium Sourcesp. 425
Basis for Diagnostics and Forecast of the State of Nuclear Wastes at the Bottom of the Barents and Kara Seas and the Sea of Japan. (Afterword to the "White Book")p. 433
List of Contributorsp. 439
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792355977
ISBN-10: 0792355970
Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 443
Published: 28th February 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 1.81