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Analogical Modeling of Language - Royal Skousen

Analogical Modeling of Language

Hardcover Published: 31st October 1989
ISBN: 9780792305170
Number Of Pages: 212

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Review(s) Skousen develops an analogical approach, which is claimed to handle not merely cases which are problematic for tructuralist approaches, but to be applicable equally to the cases with which structuralism is at its best - in short, to be an Einstein to the common Newton. This is altogether a stimulating and richly suggestive book whose fundamental notions are presented with formal rigour. Other, more psychologically adequate, formal analogical theories may be devised, but Skousen has shown the way forward.' Artificial Intelligence and Stimulation of Behaviour Quarterly, 1990, No. 72

`Skousen develops an analogical approach, which is claimed to handle not merely cases which are problematic for tructuralist approaches, but to be applicable equally to the cases with which structuralism is at its best - in short, to be an Einstein to the common Newton. This is altogether a stimulating and richly suggestive book whose fundamental notions are presented with formal rigour. Other, more psychologically adequate, formal analogical theories may be devised, but Skousen has shown the way forward.' Artificial Intelligence and Stimulation of Behaviour Quarterly, 1990, No. 72

1. Structuralist Versus Analogical Descriptions.- 2. An Overview of the Book.- 1: Problems with Rule Descriptions of Language.- 1. Three Basic Types of Language Behavior.- 2. Empirical Problems.- 3. Conceptual Problems.- 2: An Analogical Approach.- 1. An Overview of the Analogical Model.- 2. Constructing the Analogical Set for a Given Context.- 3. The Exponential Effect in a Saturated Deterministic Field.- 4. Predicting the Three Basic Behaviors Analogically.- 3: Three Examples from English.- 1. Specifying the Data Set.- 2. Categorical Behavior: The Indefinite Article.- 3. Exceptional/Regular Behavior: Spelling Initial /h/.- 4. Idiosyncratic Behavior: Voicing Onset Time.- 4: Predicting Non-Deterministic Language Variation.- 1. Learning Probabilities.- 2. McClelland and Rumelhart's Connectionist Approach.- 3. Imperfect Memory and Multivariate Predictions.- 4. Rule Approaches to Language Variation.- 5. Sociolinguistic Variation in Arabic.- 5: Analogical Predictions of the Past Tense in Finnish.- 1. An Overview of the Verb Types.- 2. The Past Tense in Standard Finnish.- 3. Variation in the Past Tense.- 4. Properties of an Analogically Predicted Past Tense Form.- 5. Predicting the Past Tense for Infrequent Verbs.- 6. Predicting the Past Tense for Verbs in the Data Set.- 7. Historical Drift of the Past Tense.- 8. A Note on the Historical Development.- 6: Conclusion.- 1. Massively Parallel Processing of Analogical Sets.- 2. A Final Analogy.- References.- Appendix 1: Symbols for the Phonemes of English.- Appendix 2: Data Sets.- 1. The Indefinite Article in English.- 2. Spelling of Initial /h/ in English.- 3. Categorical Determination of /b,p/ in English.- 4. Terms of Address in Colloquial Egyptian Arabic.- 5. Past Tense in Finnish.- Appendix 3: Pascal Program.

ISBN: 9780792305170
ISBN-10: 0792305175
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 212
Published: 31st October 1989
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 1.1

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