During the last 20 years the study of, and the prediction of, changes in the climate of our planet have become an urgent social imperative, addressed to scientists the world over. The first principles on which to base such a study were formulated in 1974 in Stockholm, at the international GARP conference on the physical fundamentals of climate theory and climate modeling. In 1979 the World Meteorological Organization and the International Council of Scientific Unions decided to conduct a global program of climate research. This World Climate Program is designed mainly to investigate the variability of the climate on time scales ranging from a few weeks to a few decades and to create a scientific basis for the long-term forecasting of weather. There is at present a definite need for a monograph which can serve as an introduction to the theory of climate. On a qualitative level (without the apparatus of theoretical physics and mathematics) such an introduction has already been presented, in Part I of a book on the history of climate by Yu. A. Shishkov and the author (Monin and Shishkov, 1979).
Part II of that work gives factual data on climatic changes during the course of the Earth's history. The present book is designed to provide such an introduction on a quantita- tive level.
`... is well worth the effort of translation from the original Russian. It is extremely useful to have an account of both Russian research and the ideas about the climatic system in English. This is a book which should be in the library of every institute which is undertaking serious research in the general field of climatology.'
Journal of Climatology, Vol. 8, 1988.
1. The Concept of Climate.- 1. The Climate System.- 2. The Definition of Climate.- 2. Astronomical Factors.- 3. Insolation.- 4. The Astronomical Theory of Climatic Fluctuations.- 3. Radiation Factors.- 5. The Radiative Influx of Heat.- 6. Carbon Dioxide.- 7. Aerosols.- 8. Ozone.- 4. The General Circulation of the Atmosphere.- 9. The Equations of Dynamics of the Atmosphere.- 10. The Dynamics of the General Circulation.- 11. The Energetics of the General Circulation.- 5. the World Ocean.- 12. The Equations of Dynamics of the Ocean.- 13. The Stratification of the Ocean.- 14. The Upper Layer of the Ocean.- 15. The General Circulation of the Ocean.- 6. the Land.- 16. The Hydrology of the Land.- 17. Cryology.- 7. Integral-Parameter Climate Models.- 18. A Similarity Theory for the Circulation of Planetary Atmospheres.- 19. A Model of Glacial Periods.- 8. One-Dimensional Models.- 20. Models of the Vertical Structure.- 21. Models of the Latitudinal Structure.- 9. Zonal Models.- 22. Zonal Models of the Atmosphere.- 10. Three-Dimensional Models.- 23. The Models of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory.- 24. The Model of the Oceanology Institute of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences.- 25. The Model of the Siberian Branch of the U.S.S.R. Academy.- References.