Americans have come from every corner of the globe, and they have been brought together by a variety of historical processes--conquest, colonialism, the slave trade, territorial acquisition, and voluntary immigration. A thoughtful look at immigration, anti-immigration sentiments, and the motivations and experiences of the migrants themselves, this book offers a compact but wide-ranging look at one of America's persistent hot-button issues.
Historian David Gerber begins by examining the many legal efforts to curb immigration and to define who is and is not an American, ranging from the Naturalization Law of 1795 (which applied only to "free-born white persons") to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Emergency Quota Act of 1921, and the reform-minded Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, which opened the door to millions of newcomers, the vast majority from Asia and Latin America. The book also looks at immigration from the perspective of the migrant--farmers and industrial workers, mechanics and domestics, highly trained professionals and small-business owners--who willingly pulled up stakes for the promise of a better life. Throughout, the book sheds light on the relationships between race and ethnicity in the life of these groups and in the formation of American society, and it stresses the marked continuities across waves of immigration and across different racial and ethnic groups.
A fascinating and even-handed historical account, this book puts into perspective the longer history of calls for stronger immigration laws and the on-going debates over the place of immigrants in American society.
About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.
"David Gerber has achieved a remarkable feat in synthesizing and interpreting a vast literature on American immigration over the centuries in this short introduction. Sensitive to historical detail but also attuned to broader perspectives, this well-written and engaging book is full of insights about the causes, consequences, and legal context of immigration and reminds us that current immigration debates have a long history." --Nancy Foner, author of From
Ellis Island to JFK: New York's Two Great Waves of Immigration
"In this insightful, brief volume, Gerber makes effective use of recent historical scholarship in a cogent and highly accessible analysis of contemporary immigration issues." --Barbara M. Posadas, Northern Illinois University
Section One The Law of Immigration and the Legal Construction of Citizenship
Chapter One Unregulated Immigration and Its Opponents: from Colonial America to the Mid-Nineteenth Century
Chapter Two Regulation and Exclusion
Chapter Three Reform in the Mid- Twentieth Century: Removing Barriers, Debating Consequences
Section Two Emigration and Immigration: From the International Migrants>' Perspective
Chapter Four Mass Population Movements and Resettlement, 1820-1924
Chapter Five Mass Population Movements and Resettlement, 1970 to the Present: Continuity and Change
Section Three The Dialogue of Ethnicity and Assimilation
Chapter Six The Widening Mainstream
Chapter Seven The Future of Assimilation