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American Higher Education, Second Edition : A History - Christopher J. Lucas

American Higher Education, Second Edition

A History


Published: 2nd April 2006
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The roots of controversy surrounding higher education in the US extend deep into the past. This original, incisive history goes far in offering a needed sense of perspective on current debates over such issues as access, costs, academic quality, social equity, and curricula. Eminently readable and always lively, this timely historical account is sure to be an invaluable resource for assessing the present condition and future prospects of American colleges and universities.

..."fills a gap in the literature of the history of higher education...valuable and useful...we should applaud and thank Lucas for having produced a text that many will find enlightening and highly useful..."--"History of Education Quarterly"
"With economy and clarity...Lucas illuminates current issues of higher education."--"Publishers Weekly"
"Lucas's book not only provides a solid history of American higher education but also an intriguing look at modern developments...Clearly written and fully documented, the book is a pleasure to read."--"Educational Studies"
"The book does an admirable job of linking the developments of American
higher education with its European origins, more fully integrates marginalized groups than...many other earlier historians, and is compelling on the subject of curricular history...."--"Harvard Educational Review"

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. xi
Historical Origins and Antecedents
Higher Learning in Antiquityp. 3
Beginnings: The Overconfident Candidatep. 3
The Tablet-House of Ancient Mesopotamiap. 4
Advanced Learning in Egyptp. 6
The Sophists of Classical Greecep. 8
Philosophic Schoolsp. 14
The Hellenistic Periodp. 18
Roman Higher Educationp. 23
The Hellenistic Declinep. 27
Early Christian Learningp. 29
From Cathedral Church Schools to Universitiesp. 35
The Early Medieval Wastelandp. 35
Cathedral Church Schoolsp. 36
Scholastic Scholarshipp. 38
Learned Womenp. 39
Teaching Guilds: The Nations at Parisp. 41
Student Nations: Bolognap. 44
Apprentice Scholars and Mastersp. 48
Advanced Studies: Higher Facultiesp. 53
University Instructionp. 55
The Struggle for Immunities and Exemptionsp. 58
University Migrationsp. 63
Collegesp. 66
The Contribution of the Medieval Universityp. 67
Post-Medieval Academe: Evolution and Estrangementp. 71
Classicism and Italian Humanismp. 71
Academies and the Ideal of the Courtierp. 76
Northern Humanismp. 78
Humanism and the Universitiesp. 81
The Inns of Courtp. 83
The Impact of Confessionalismp. 84
Empiricism and Scientific Inquiryp. 90
University Somnolence and Stagnationp. 93
Unfulfilled Promisesp. 99
American Higher Education: The Formative Period
The American Colonial and Antebellum Collegep. 103
A City Upon a Hillp. 103
Higher Learning in English Americap. 105
The Revolution and Republican Idealsp. 112
The Dartmouth Casep. 114
"A Land of Colleges"p. 116
Denominational Schoolsp. 120
Jacksonian Ideals and the College Movementp. 121
College Management and Controlp. 124
Academic Supervision and Collegiate Lifep. 126
Extracurricular Pursuitsp. 129
The Yale Reportp. 131
The Aftermath: In Retrospectp. 135
Teachers' Institutesp. 137
Normal Schoolsp. 139
The Evolving American Universityp. 145
A New Erap. 145
Postwar Rebuildingp. 146
Imperatives for Changep. 148
State Universities and Land-Grant Collegesp. 152
Municipal Colleges and Universitiesp. 159
Women's Colleges and Coeducationp. 160
Black Collegesp. 164
Elective Curriculap. 171
Graduate Professional Studies: The Allure of the Germanic Idealp. 177
The Wisconsin Ideap. 181
Gridiron Loyaltiesp. 183
Misgivings and Demurralsp. 185
American Higher Education: Maturation and Development
American Academe in the Early Twentieth Centuryp. 193
Paradigms Old and Newp. 193
Mammon and the Monolithsp. 195
Bureaucratization and the Business Ethosp. 199
Academic Freedomp. 202
College Students and Campus Lifep. 208
From Marginality Toward the Mainstream: New Studentsp. 212
Curricular Innovations and Experimentsp. 218
Great Books and the Chicago Planp. 224
Two-Year Collegesp. 227
From Normal Schools to State Teachers' Collegesp. 230
Teacher Preparation in the Universityp. 233
The Quest for Legitimacyp. 235
Postwar Higher Learning in Americap. 243
Academic Witch Huntsp. 243
Changing Growth Patternsp. 247
Governmental and Business Involvementp. 252
Corporate Academep. 257
Black Higher Educationp. 260
Curricular Inclusionp. 266
General Learning and Liberal Studies in an Age of Specializationp. 267
Student Activism and Dissentp. 275
Contemporary Challenges and Issues
Another Season of Discontent: The Criticsp. 287
General Education Reconsideredp. 287
Multiculturalism and the "Political Correctness" Controversyp. 291
Diagnosing the Malaisep. 296
Careerism and the Entrepreneurial Universityp. 298
Specialization and Fragmentationp. 301
The "publish or Perish" Syndromep. 304
Loss of Communityp. 307
Academic Standardsp. 310
Neglect of Undergraduate Educationp. 313
Integrating the Curriculump. 315
Academic "Commodification"p. 317
Epilogue: In Historical Retrospectp. 323
Dialogues with the Pastp. 323
Disinterested Learningp. 324
Faculty Power and Governancep. 326
Academic Autonomy and Freedomp. 327
Curricular Conservatismp. 331
Educational Aims and Idealsp. 334
Inclusivity and Elitismp. 335
Knowledge as Social Constructionp. 336
Academic Conventions, Rites and Ritualsp. 339
Notesp. 341
Sources and Referencesp. 383
Indexp. 391
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781403972897
ISBN-10: 1403972893
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 397
Published: 2nd April 2006
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.34 x 13.97  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.5
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised