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Ambassadors of Culture : The Transamerican Origins of Latino Writing - Kirsten Silva Gruesz

Ambassadors of Culture

The Transamerican Origins of Latino Writing

Paperback

Published: 1st December 2001
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This polished literary history argues forcefully that Latinos are not newcomers in the United States by documenting a vast network of Spanish-language cultural activity in the nineteenth century. Juxtaposing poems and essays by both powerful and peripheral writers, Kirsten Silva Gruesz proposes a major revision of the nineteenth-century U.S. canon and its historical contexts.

Drawing on previously unpublished archival materials and building on an innovative interpretation of poetry's cultural role, "Ambassadors of Culture" brings together scattered writings from the borderlands of California and the Southwest as well as the cosmopolitan exile centers of New York, New Orleans, and San Francisco. It reads these productions in light of broader patterns of relations between the U.S. and Latin America, moving from the fraternal rhetoric of the Monroe Doctrine through the expansionist crisis of 1848 to the proto-imperialist 1880s. It shows how ''ambassadors of culture'' such as Whitman, Longfellow, and Bryant propagated ideas about Latin America and Latinos through their translations, travel writings, and poems. In addition to these well-known figures and their counterparts in the work of nation-building in Cuba, Mexico, and Central and South America, this book also introduces unremembered women writers and local poets writing in both Spanish and English.

In telling the almost forgotten early history of travels and translations between U.S. and Latin American writers, Gruesz shows that Anglo and Latino traditions in the New World were, from the beginning, deeply intertwined and mutually necessary.

Honorable Mention for the John Hope Franklin Publication Prize "Gruesz's [provides] lucid justification for directing students of nineteenth-century U.S. literature to ponder the efforts that certain North American writers made, in the 1820s and 30s, to foster a hemispheric consciousness and then, in the face of expansionist militarism during and after the 1840s, to mark out oppositional stances based on claims of distinctiveness concerning such things as religion, trade practices and philosophies of life... [A] rich and suggestive undertaking."--Barbara Ryan, H-Amstdy "Gruesz's interesting study of 19th century Spanish language print culture in the US recognizes the contributions made by Latino poets and journalists to both US literary history and the construction of a Latino identity."--Choice "Ambassadors had me revising my American Literature syllabus before I had finished reading the Introduction."--Barbara Ryan, H-Net Reviews

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
"Alone with the Terrible Hurricane": The Occluded History of Transamerican Literaturep. 1
Geografa Nueva: An Alternate History of the American World Systemp. 7
Citizen, Ambassador: Stations of Literary Representationp. 13
The Transamerican Archive: Poetry as Daily Practicep. 20
Vernacular Authorship, or the Imitator's Agencyp. 25
The Chain of American Circumstance: From Niagara to Cuba to Panamap. 30
Meditations on Niagara: Transnational Pilgrims and the American Sublimep. 30
The Cuban Star over New York: Heredia's Translated Nationhoodp. 39
Republics in Chains: From Bryant's Prairies to the Mexican Mesetap. 48
Vistas del Infierno: The Racial Dilemma of Maria del Occidentep. 61
Tasks of the Translator: Imitative Literature, the Catholic South, and the Invasion of Mexicop. 71
"A Mist of Lurid Light": Translation Practice in the Americasp. 71
Ecos de Mexico: Whittier, Longfellow, and the Case against Expansionp. 87
Converting Evangeline to Evangelinap. 94
In the Vernacular: Translation on the Borderp. 100
The Mouth of a New Empire: New Orleans in the Transamerican Print Tradep. 108
New Orleans, Capital of the (Other) Nineteenth Centuryp. 108
The Fertile Crescent: Whitman's Immersion in the "Spanish Element"p. 121
Reading La Patria: Hispanophone Print Culture and the Annexation Questionp. 136
Songs of the Exile: The Laud Poets and Quintero's Pearlsp. 145
The Deep Roots of Our America: Two New Worlds, and Their Resistorsp. 161
Diplomatic License: Pombo in New Yorkp. 163
Staging Gender on the California Borderlandsp. 176
Brave Mundo Nuevo: The Marketing of Transnational Spanish Culturep. 186
Most Faithful Fidel: Guillermo Prieto's Reconstruction Traveloguep. 196
CODA The Future's Past: Latino Ghosts in the U.S. Canonp. 205
Notesp. 213
Works Citedp. 255
Indexp. 279
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691050973
ISBN-10: 069105097X
Series: Translation/Transnation
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 293
Published: 1st December 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.32 x 15.44  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.45