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Amazonian Floodplain Forests : Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management - Wolfgang J. Junk

Amazonian Floodplain Forests

Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management

By: Wolfgang J. Junk (Editor), Maria T. F. Piedade (Editor), Florian Wittmann (Editor), Jochen Schongart (Editor), Pia Parolin (Editor)

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Published: 5th November 2010
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Central Amazonian floodplain forests are an unique and endangered ecosystem. The forests grow in areas that are annually flooded by large rivers during mean periods of up to 8 months and at depths of up to 10 m. Despite this severe stress, these forests consist of over 1,000 species and are by far the most species-rich floodplain forests worldwide. The trees show a broad range of morphological, anatomical, physiological, and phenological adaptations that enable them not only to survive the adverse environmental conditions, but also to produce large amounts of biomass when the nutrient levels in water and soils are sufficiently high.

This is the case in the floodplains of white-water rivers, which are used for fisheries, agriculture, and cattle-ranching but which also have a high potential for the production of timber and non-timber products, when adequately managed. Latest research on ecophysiology gives insight how tree species adapt to the oscillating flood-pulse focusing on their photosynthesis, respiration, sap flow, biochemistry, phenology, wood and leave anatomy, root morphology and functioning, fruit chemistry, seed germination, seedling establishment, nitrogen fixation and genetic variability.

Based on tree ages, lifetime growth rates and net primary production, new concepts are developed to improve the sustainability of traditional forest managements in the background of an integrated natural resource management. This is the first integrative book on the functioning and ecologically oriented use of floodplain forests in the tropics and sub-tropics.It provides fundamental knowledge for scientist, students, foresters and other professionals on their distribution, evolution and phytogeography.

"This book is an excellent testimony to the interdisciplinary collaboration of a group of very dedicated scientists to unravel the functioning of the Amazonian Floodplain forests. They have brought together a highly valuable contribution on the distribution, ecology, primary production, ecophysiology, typology, biodiversity, and human use of these forests offering recommendations for sustainable management and future projects in science and development of these unique wetland ecosystems. It lays a solid scientific foundation for wetland ecologists, foresters, environmentalists, wetland managers, and all those interested in sustainable management in the tropics and subtropics." Brij Gopal, Executive Vice President International Society for Limnology (SIL).

From the reviews:

"`The first integrative book on the functioning and ecologically oriented use of floodplain forests in the tropics and the subtropics.' The book deals with ecophysiology, biodiversity, and sustainable development and is divided in three parts. ... Overall, the book covers a wide range of topics related to the biology and sustainable use of flooded Amazonian forests. ... this is a substantial volume of work on valuable and extensive forest system, with relevance to other inundated forest regions across the world." (Ernesto Medina, Biotropica, Vol. 43 (6), 2011)

Amazonian Floodplain Forests and the Environment
An Introduction to South American Wetland Forests: Distribution, Definitions and General Characterizationp. 3
Development of the Amazon Valley During the Middle to Late Quaternary: Sedimentological and Climatological Observationsp. 27
Remote Sensing of the Distribution and Extent of Wetlands in the Amazon Basinp. 43
Phytogeography, Species Diversity, Community Structure and Dynamics of Central Amazonian Floodplain Forestsp. 61
Ecological and Ecophysiological Aspects of Amazonian Floodplain Forests
Tree Phenology in Amazonian Floodplain Forestsp. 105
Biochemistry of Amazonian Floodplain Treesp. 127
The Morphology and Anatomy of Tree Roots and Their Aeration Strategiesp. 141
Fine Root Systems and Mycorrhizal Associations in Two Central Amazonian Inundation Forests: Igapó and Várzeap. 163
Morphology and Anatomy of Leavesp. 179
Gas Exchange and Photosynthesisp. 203
Sap Flow and Stem Respirationp. 223
Fruit and Seed Chemistry, Biomass and Dispersalp. 243
Seed Germination and Seedling Establishment of Amazonian Floodplain Treesp. 259
Nitrogen Balance of a Floodplain Forest of the Amazon River: The Role of Nitrogen Fixationp. 281
Genetic Variability, Divergence and Speciation in Trees of Periodically Flooded Forests of the Amazon: A Case Study of Himatanthus sucuuba (Spruce) Woodsonp. 301
The Importance of Amazonian Floodplain Forests for Animal Biodiversity: Beetles in Canopies of Floodplain and Upland Forestsp. 313
Sustainable Management of Amazonian Floodplain Forests
Wood Anatomy and Tree-Ring Structure and Their Importance for Tropical Dendrochronologyp. 329
Biomass and Net Primary Production of Central Amazonian Floodplain Forestsp. 347
Use of Amazonian Floodplain Treesp. 389
Traditional Timber Harvesting in the Central Amazonian Floodplainsp. 419
Growth-Oriented Logging (GOL): The Use of Species-Specific Growth Information for Forest Management in Central Amazonian Floodplainsp. 437
Discussion and conclusions
Protected Areas in the Amazonian Várzea and their Role in its Conservation: The Case of Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve (MSDR)p. 465
The Role of Floodplain Forests in an Integrated Sustainable Management Concept of the Natural Resources of the Central Amazonian Várzeap. 485
Ecophysiology, Biodiversity and Sustainable Management of Central Amazonian Floodplain Forests: A Synthesisp. 511
Referencesp. 541
Indexp. 603
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789048187249
ISBN-10: 9048187249
Series: Ecological Studies
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 618
Published: 5th November 2010
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 4.3
Weight (kg): 2.34