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Amazonian Dark Earths : Origin Properties Management - Johannes Lehmann

Amazonian Dark Earths

Origin Properties Management

By: Johannes Lehmann (Editor), Dirse C. Kern (Editor), Bruno Glaser (Editor), William I. Woods (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st January 2004
ISBN: 9781402018398
Number Of Pages: 505

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Dark Earths are a testament to vanished civilizations of the Amazon Basin, but may also answer how large societies could sustain intensive agriculture in an environment of infertile soils. This book examines their origin, properties, and management. Questions remain: were they intentionally produced or a by-product of habitation. Additional new and multidisciplinary perspectives by leading experts may pave the way for the next revolution in soil management in the humid tropics.

From the reviews:

"Two symposia on the Amazonian Dark Earths were held in 2001, and these were followed in 2002 by the First International Workshop on the subject in Manaus and Santerem, Brazil. ... The Workshop succeeded in its aims of bringing a great deal of information from disparate fields of research to a wide international audience. The editors ... provide a ... comprehensive view of current knowledge, understanding, methods of research, and prospects for land management." (R. Webster, European Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 56, 2005)

"Amazonian Dark Earths ... represents the state of the art in the study of archaeological sediments in the Amazon basin. ... The volume, composed of 23 chapters, explores diverse aspects of the origins, properties, and management of Amazonian dark earths (ADE) ... . This volume is a critical contribution to ADE research and of great relevance to archaeology, soil science, and contemporary development. ... the editors and contributors should be congratulated for establishing the benchmark for ADE studies." (Michael J. Heckenberger, Journal of Anthropological Research, Vol. 61, 2005)

List of Authors
Preface
Foreword
Development of Anthrosol Researchp. 3
Historical Perspectives on Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 15
Historical and Socio-cultural Origins of Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 29
Distribution of Amazonian Dark Earths in the Brazilian Amazonp. 51
Classification of Amazonian Dark Earths and other Ancient Anthropic Soilsp. 77
Soil Fertility and Production Potentialp. 105
Amazonian Dark Earths as Carbon Stores and Sinksp. 125
Soil Organic Matter Stability in Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 141
Agrobiodiversity in Amazonia and Its Relationship with Dark Earthsp. 159
Ethnoscientific Understandings of Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 179
Archaeobotanical Methods for the Study of Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 205
Organic Chemistry Studies on Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 227
The Use of Micromorphology for the Study of the Formation and Properties of Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 243
Determining Nutrient Bioavailability of Amazonian Dark Earth Soils - Methodological Challengesp. 255
Soil Physical Characterizationp. 271
Amazonian Dark Earths: Biological Measurementsp. 287
Pedogeochemical and Mineralogical Analyses of Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 333
Indigenous Soil Management and the Creation of Amazonian Dark Earths: Implications of Kayapo Practicesp. 355
Cultural Behaviors of Indigenous Populations and the Formation of the Archaeological Record in Amazonian Dark Earth: the Asurini Do Xingu Case Studyp. 373
Contemporary Use and Management of Amazonian Dark Earthsp. 387
The Effect of Management on the Fertility of Amazonian Dark Earth Soilsp. 407
Weed Population Dynamics and Management on Amazonian Dark Earthp. 433
Historical Ecology and Future Explorationsp. 455
Picture Annexp. 501
Indexp. 503
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402018398
ISBN-10: 1402018398
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 505
Published: 31st January 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.67
Weight (kg): 1.04