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Altruism and Aggression : Social and Biological Origins - Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

Altruism and Aggression

Social and Biological Origins

By: Carolyn Zahn-Waxler (Editor), E. Mark Cummings (Editor), Ronald J. Iannotti (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 25th November 1991
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In this timely collection, biological and behavioral scientists address questions emerging from new research about the origins and interconnections of altruism and aggression within and across species. They explore the genetic underpinnings of affiliative and aggressive orientations as well as the biological correlates of these behaviors. They consider environmental variables--family patterns, childrearing practices--that influence prosocial and antisocial behaviors. And they examine internal processes such as empathy, socio-inferential abilities, and cognitive attributions, that regulate "kindness" and "selfishness." The first section focuses on biological, sociobiological, and ethological approaches. It explores the utility of animal models for understanding both human and infrahuman social behavior. The second section focuses on the development, socialization, and mediation of altruism and aggression in children. Several concerns underly both sections. These include the role of attachment processes, separation distress, reciprocal interchanges, and social play in determining the quantity and quality of aggressive and affiliative interactions; the function of emotions (e.g. empathy, guilt, and anger) as instigators of altruism and aggression; and the nature of sex differences. Several chapters present data on emotions that mediate altruism and aggression and also on patterns of association between prosocial and antisocial behaviors. The authors take an ethological perspective, placing special importance on the need to explore altruism and aggression in the real lives and natural habitats of humans and other animals.

"...likely to be of considerable interest both to researchers working in relevant areas and to scientists and students from other disciplines..." Science "Among the many merits in this book is the diversity of the psychological approaches represented, and these are admirably brought together..." Contemporary Psychology "...the approaches and research strategies described in this book are the waves of the future..." New England Journal of Medicine

List of contributors
Editorial preface
Introduction
Biological, sociobiological, and ethological approaches to the stud of altruism and aggression
The psychobiology of prosocial behaviors: separation distress, play, and altruism
An evolutionary and developmental perspective on aggressive patterns
Development in reciprocity through friendship
The prosocial and antisocial functions of preschool aggression: an ethological study of triadic conflict among young children
Development, socialization, and mediators of altruism and aggression in children
A conception of the determinants and development of altruism and aggression: motives, the self, and the environment
Early organization of altruism and aggression: developmental patterns and individual differences
Aggression and altruism: a personality perspective
The socialization of prosocial behavior: theory and reality
Social-interactional patterns in families of abused and nonabused children
Naturalistic observation of cooperation, helping, and sharing and their associations with empathy and affect
Social information-processing variables in the development of aggression and altruism in children
Conclusions
Indexes
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521423670
ISBN-10: 0521423678
Series: Cambridge Studies in Social and Emotional Development
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 352
Published: 25th November 1991
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.52