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Alternatives to Deforestation : Steps Toward Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest - Anthony Anderson

Alternatives to Deforestation

Steps Toward Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest

By: Anthony Anderson (Editor)

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This study explores some of the possible sustainable uses of the world's largest rain forest, the Amazon. The essays are drawn from an international conference held in Belem, Brazil, that was attended by scientists in several fields as well as policy-makers in government and organizations who are interested in tropical forest preservation. The collection presents innovative approaches and technologies that will permit simultaneous use and conservation of the rain forest, and will benefit the population of Amazonia as a whole, rather than just a small rural minority. By presenting sustainable land-use alternatives that are both economically viable and ecologically sound, this text intends to contribute to the final cessation of tropical deforestation.

"This book is a rich mine of excellent reviews and new ideas and data. I recommend it to anyone interested in tropical rain forest ecology and the development issues confronting this troubled biome." -- David B. Clark, Ecology

Prefacep. xi
Contributorsp. xiii
Backgroundp. 1
Deforestation in Amazonia: Dynamics, Causes, and Alternativesp. 3
Deforestation in Amazoniap. 4
Alternatives to Deforestation in Amazoniap. 10
Studies of Ecosystem Response to Natural and Anthropogenic Disturbances Provide Guidelines for Designing Sustainable Land-Use Systems in Amazoniap. 24
Classifying Disturbancesp. 25
Plant Succession Following Natural Disturbancesp. 28
Plant Succession Following Anthropogenic Disturbancesp. 33
Conclusionsp. 37
Natural Forest Managementp. 43
Traditional Management of Tropical Forests in Mexicop. 45
Historical Evidence of Tropical Forest Managementp. 46
Traditional Farmers and Forest Management Techniquesp. 47
Past Practices and Present Tropical Vegetationp. 52
Conclusionsp. 60
Extraction and Forest Management by Rural Inhabitants in the Amazon Estuaryp. 65
The Settingp. 66
"Tolerant" Forest Managementp. 68
Extraction and Forest Management Reconsideredp. 82
Population Ecology and Management of Forest Fruit Trees in Peruvian Amazoniap. 86
Mono-Dominant Forests of Native Fruit Treesp. 87
Structure and Yield of Forest Populationsp. 88
Potential for Sustained-Yield Managementp. 92
Seed and Seedling Availability as a Basis for Management of Natural Forest Regenerationp. 99
Natural Seed and Seedling Availability of Tropical Treesp. 100
A Case Studyp. 104
Conclusionsp. 111
The Celos Management System: A Polycyclic Method for Sustained Timber Production in South American Rainforestp. 116
Principles of the Celos Management Systemp. 117
Characterization of the Celos Management Systemp. 118
Ecological and Socioeconomic Impacts of CMS and Alternative Land Usesp. 121
Natural Forest Management by the Yanesha Forestry Cooperative in Peruvian Amazoniap. 128
The Areap. 129
Forest Managementp. 132
Economic Aspectsp. 135
Agroforestryp. 139
Indigenous Agroforestry Strategies Meeting Farmers' Needsp. 141
Characteristics of Indigenous Strategiesp. 142
Sequential Agroforestry Systemsp. 143
Managed Forest Grove Systemsp. 146
Agroforestry Mosaicsp. 148
Conclusionsp. 148
Japanese Agroforestry in Amazonia: A Case Study in Tome-Acu, Brazilp. 152
Research Approachp. 153
Early Japanese Settlementp. 154
Structure of Japanese Farms in Tome-Acup. 156
Ecological and Economic Sustainabilityp. 160
Prospects for Adoption of the Japanese Model by Other Groupsp. 163
Conclusionsp. 163
Promoting Agroforestry Practices Among Small Producers: The Case of the Coca Agroforestry Project in Amazonian Ecuadorp. 167
Regional Production Systemsp. 168
Project Activitiesp. 173
Project Phasesp. 176
Technical Insightsp. 177
Advice for Future Extension Projectsp. 178
Landscape Recoveryp. 181
Secondary Forests as a Land-Use Resource in Frontier Zones of Amazoniap. 183
Agriculture and Management of Secondary Forestsp. 185
Management of Secondary Forests Dominated by Economic Speciesp. 186
Discussionp. 188
Implications for Regional Developmentp. 191
The Search for Sustainability in Amazonian Pasturesp. 195
Nutrient Cycling: The Basis for Stabilityp. 197
Pasture Degradation: Processes and Causesp. 199
The Search for Stabilityp. 205
Future Research and Policiesp. 210
Surmounting Barriers to Forest Regeneration in Abandoned, Highly Degraded Pastures: A Case Study from Paragominas, Para, Brazilp. 215
The Study Systemp. 216
Mechanisms of Tree Establishment in Abandoned Pasturesp. 216
Barriers to Tree Establishment in Abandoned Pasturesp. 219
A Low-Capital, High-Information Strategy for Accelerating Forest Regrowth in Highly Degraded, Abandoned Pasturesp. 225
Implementation of the Reforestation Strategyp. 228
Implications for Regional Developmentp. 231
Predominant Land Uses in Brazilian Amazoniap. 233
Pasture Conversionp. 234
Other Regional Land Usesp. 239
Experimental Systemsp. 244
Alternatives Policiesp. 245
Extractive Reserves: An Alternative for Reconciling Development and Environmental Conservation in Amazoniap. 252
Historical and Social Aspects of Rubber Tappingp. 254
Land Conflictsp. 257
The Concept of Extractive Reservesp. 258
Conclusionsp. 262
The Future of Deforestation in Amazonia: A Socioeconomic and Political Analysisp. 265
The Social Origins of Amazon Settlementp. 266
Environmental Consequences of Frontier Expansionp. 268
New Guidelinesp. 269
Political Feasibilityp. 270
What Should Be Done?p. 272
Indexp. 275
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780231068932
ISBN-10: 023106893X
Series: Biology and Resource Management Series
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 281
Published: 12th May 1992
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.85
Weight (kg): 0.62