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Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry - Rensen Zeng

Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

By: Rensen Zeng (Editor), Azim U. Mallik (Editor), Shi Ming Luo (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 3rd April 2008
ISBN: 9780387773360
Number Of Pages: 411

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Simply put, allelopathy refers to an ecological phenomenon of plant-plant interference through release of organic chemicals (allelochemicals) in the environment. These chemicals can be directly and continuously released by the donor plants in their immediate environment as volatiles in the air or root exudates in soil or they can be the microbial degradation products of plant residues. The chemicals may interfere with survival and growth of neighboring or succeeding plants. Black walnut, eucalyptus, sunflower, sorghum, sesame and alfalfa are common examples of plants with allelopathic property as well as some staple crops such as rice, wheat, barley and sorghum. Plants can emit chemicals that also discourage insects and pathogens. To maintain sustained productivity, knowledge of this form of plant interference on other plants and on disease causing organisms has been used in agriculture since prehistoric time by manipulating cropping pattern and sequence such as mixed cropping and crop rotation. However, use of numerous agrochemicals including a wide range of herbicides, pesticides, fertilizers and genetically modified high yielding crops has become the characteristic feature of modern industrial agriculture. Not only the sustainability of crop yield is called into question in this form of agriculture, the extensive long-term and often irreversible environmental degradation including ground water contamination and food safety associated with industrial agriculture are now of serious concern worldwide.

The objective is to report on the latest advances in allelopathy by inviting leading scientists to contribute in specific fields. The volume is organized under three major subsections: History of allelopathy, Allelochemicals, allelopathic mechanisms, and bioassays, and Application of allelopathy in agriculture and forestry. An emphasis is place on methodology and application, making it a truly practical reference.

List of Contributorsp. ix
List of Reviewersp. xiii
Introduction: Allelopathy Research and Application in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestryp. 1
Historical Examples of Allelopathy and Ethnobotany from the Mediterranean Regionp. 11
Allelopathy: Advances, Challenges and Opportunitiesp. 25
Allelopathy in Chinese Ancient and Modern Agriculturep. 39
Allelochemicals and Allelopathic Mechanisms
Allelochemicals in Plantsp. 63
Allelopathy: Full Circle from Phytotoxicity to Mechanisms of Resistancep. 105
Allelopathic Mechanisms and Experimental Methodologyp. 119
Indirect Effects of Phenolics on Plant Performance by Altering Nitrogen Cycling: Another Mechanism of Plant-Plant Negative Interactionsp. 137
Genomic Approaches to Understanding Allelochemical Effects on Plantsp. 157
Allelopathy from a Mathematical Modeling Perspectivep. 169
Application of Allelopathy in Agriculture and Forestry
Progress and Prospect of Rice Allelopathy Researchp. 189
Rice Allelopathy Research in Chinap. 215
Recent Advances in Wheat Allelopathyp. 235
Sorghum Allelopathy for Weed Management in Wheatp. 255
Allelochemicals in Pre-cowing Soils of Continuous Soybean Cropping and Their Autointoxicationp. 271
Autotoxicity in Agriculture and Forestryp. 283
Black Walnut Allelopathy: Implications for Intercroppingp. 303
Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria and Mycorrhizal Fungi in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestryp. 321
Utilization of Stress Tolerant, Weed Suppressive Groundcovers for Low Maintenance Landscape Settingsp. 347
Allelopathy in Forested Ecosystemsp. 363
Indexp. 387
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780387773360
ISBN-10: 0387773363
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 411
Published: 3rd April 2008
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.77

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