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Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalysts, 173 : Volume 173 - Yury Kissin

Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalysts, 173

Volume 173

Hardcover

Published: 1st March 2008
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During the past 30 years, the field of alkene polymerization over transition metal catalysts underwent several major changes:
1. The list of commercial heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylene and stereoregular polyolefins was completely renewed affording an unprecedented degree of control over the polymer structure.
2. Research devoted to metallocene and other soluble transition-metal catalysis has vastly expanded and has shifted toward complexes of transition metals with multidentate ligands.
3. Recent developments in gel permeation chromatography, temperature-rising fractionation, and crystallization fractionation provided the first reliable information about differences between various active centers in transition-metal catalysts.
4. A rapid development of high-resolution 13C NMR spectroscopy resulted in greatly expanded understanding of the chemical and steric features of polyolefins and alkene copolymers.
These developments require a new review of all aspects of alkene polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts. The first chapter in the book is an introductory text for researchers who are entering the field. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts, the types of catalysts, and commercially manufactured polyolefins.
The next chapter addresses the principal issue of alkene polymerization catalysis: the existence of catalyst systems with single and multiple types of active centers. The subsequent chapters are devoted to chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental reaction steps, structures of catalyst precursors and reactions leading to the formation of active centers, kinetics of polymerization reactions, and their mechanisms.
The book describes the latest commercial polymerization catalysts for the synthesis of polyethylenes and polypropylene
The book provides a detailed description of the multi-center nature of commercial Ziegler-Natta catalysts.
The book devotes specialized chapters to the most important aspects of transition metal polymerization catalysts: the reactions leading to the formation of active centers, the chemistry and stereochemistry of elemental polymerization steps, reaction kinetics, and the polymerization mechanism.
The book contains an introductory chapter for researchers who are entering the field of polymerization catalysis. It describes the basic principles of polymerization reactions with transition-metal catalysts and the types of commercially manufactured polyolefins and copolymers
The book contains over 2000 references, the most recent up to end of 2006.

Prefacep. vii
Abbreviations and Definitionsp. xi
The Beginner's Course: General Description of Transition Metal Catalysts and Catalytic Polymerization Reactionsp. 1
Classifications of Transition Metal Catalystsp. 2
Composition and Structure of Ziegler-Natta Catalystsp. 6
Metallocene Catalystsp. 11
Homogeneous Catalysts Containing Non-Metallocene Complexes of Early- and Late-Period Transition Metalsp. 14
Chromium Oxide Catalystsp. 15
Main Features of Alkene Polymerization Reactionsp. 17
Classes of Polymers Produced with Transition Metal Catalystsp. 28
Single-Center and Multi-Center Polymerization Catalysisp. 35
Definition of Single Type of Active Centerp. 36
Molecular Weight Distribution of Polymers Produced with Single-Center Catalystsp. 37
Structural Uniformity of Polymers and Copolymers Produced with Single-Center Catalystsp. 46
Examples of Polymers and Copolymers Produced with Single-Center Catalystsp. 63
Examples of Polymers and Copolymers Produced with Multi-Center Catalystsp. 65
Chemistry and Stereochemistry of Polymerization and Copolymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalystsp. 85
Chemistry and Stereochemistry of Polymerization Reactionsp. 86
Heterogeneous Titanium- and Vanadium-Based Ziegler-Natta Catalystsp. 98
Metallocene Catalystsp. 124
Homogeneous Catalysts Based on Early-Period Transition Metalsp. 166
Homogeneous Catalysts Based on Late-Period Transition Metalsp. 176
Chromium-Based Catalystsp. 183
Stereoselective and Stereoelective Polymerization Reactions of Branched 1-Alkenesp. 184
Copolymerization Reactions of Alkenesp. 190
Synthesis, Chemical Composition, and Structure of Transition Metal Components and Cocatalysts in Catalyst Systems for Alkene Polymerizationp. 207
Early Solid Catalystsp. 209
Supported Catalysts for Homopolymerization and Copolymerization of Ethylenep. 211
Supported Ziegler-Natta Catalysts for Polymerization of Propylene and Higher 1-Alkenesp. 224
Chemical Composition of Solid Components and Cocatalyst Mixtures of Ti-Based Ziegler-Natta Catalyst Systemsp. 236
Reactions Leading to Formation of Active Centers in Ziegler-Natta Catalystsp. 243
Metallocene Catalystsp. 253
Non-Metallocene Homogeneous Catalystsp. 270
Supported Homogeneous Catalystsp. 277
Bicomponent Catalystsp. 284
Catalysts for Stereospecific Polymerization of Styrenesp. 287
Kinetics of Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalystsp. 291
Two Aspects of Polymerization Kineticsp. 292
Role of Diffusion in Alkene Polymerization Reactionsp. 295
Formal Kinetic Description of Alkene Polymerization Reactions with Transition Metal Catalystsp. 299
Polymerization Reactions with Metallocene Catalystsp. 310
Polymerization Reactions with Non-Metallocene Homogeneous Catalystsp. 334
Synthesis of Alkene Block-Copolymersp. 343
Polymerization Reactions with Solid and Supported Ziegler-Natta Catalystsp. 349
Polymerization Reactions with Pseudo-Homogeneous Catalystsp. 412
Polymerization Reactions with Chromium Oxide Catalystsp. 413
Active Centers in Transition Metal Catalysts and Mechanisms of Polymerization Reactionsp. 419
Catalysts Derived from Metallocene Complexesp. 420
Non-Metallocene Homogeneous Catalystsp. 476
Active Centers in Heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta Catalystsp. 486
Active Centers in Chromium Oxide Catalystsp. 515
Referencesp. 523
Subject Indexp. 571
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780444532152
ISBN-10: 0444532153
Series: Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 495
Published: 1st March 2008
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.5  x 3.07
Weight (kg): 1.28
Edition Number: 1