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Alcohol Tolerance And Social Drinking : Learning The Consequences - Muriel Vogel-Sprott

Alcohol Tolerance And Social Drinking

Learning The Consequences

By: Muriel Vogel-Sprott (Editor)

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Social drinkers may observe that the more regularly they use alcohol, the less they are impaired by it. Contradictory as it may seem, they are not completely wrong. Although little is known about the development of tolerance to alcohol, most research in the area has concentrated on tolerance as a potential indicator of pathology. In an illuminating departure from this line of thinking, this volume systematically investigates why most drinkers can use alcohol without making the transition from social to abusive drinking. By examining factors that contribute to alcohol tolerance in nonproblem social drinking, the book offers new insights for prevention and treatment of alcohol abuse and helps to pave the way for future research.

"ALCOHOL TOLERANCE AND SOCIAL DRINKING is destined to be the classic work on tolerance in social drinkers. Professor Vogel's elegant research makes for fascinating reading. In my view, the book is a gold mine of new ideas and is a must' for anyone interested in human drinking behavior. -- Alan Marlatt, Ph.D., University of Washington "the work is surprising in terms of the prominence that it gives to psychological factors over pharmacological mechanisms, although the latter are also discussed in the review of the biographical literature. The research is also unusual (and refreshingly so) in terms of its focus upon social workers rather than alcohol misusers or dependent drinkers....The psychological experiments described are ingenious, innovative, and carefully concluded....The book provides a valuable challenge to traditional conceptions of alcohol tolerance as a primarily biological phenomenon....this book aims to describe research which provides a new view on a particular aspect of this subject, which it does admirably well." --"Alcohol & Alcoholism" "A unique and valuable contribution to the alcohol field, one that clearly bridges the gap between the research findings and their application to societal issues, and one that scientists, clinicians, social policymakers, and the lay public will find readable and thought provoking." --"Contemporary Psychology" "Seldom do you have the opportunity to trace the conceptual, procedural, theoretical, and intuitive underpinnings of a research program, other than your own, with the detail and insight provided by Vogel-Sprott in this volume...Vogel-Sprott's systematic hypothesis testing and unfolding of results will be of broad interest to researchers of acute intoxication effects in humans, not only to those interested in alcohol tolerance...At the same time, the detail in methodology and design will be valuable to the student or researcher new to the area of acute intoxication studies...Many will find the ideas presented to be provocative, speculative, andcontroversial. Given that the necessary and sufficient conditions to produce tolerance remain unknown, the heuristic value of this book should be high in that the complexity of the tolerance construct is will captured and many of the ideas and hypotheses suggested are testable." --Journal of Studies on Alcohol "Vogel-Sprott's studies are meticulous and models of good science. Her historical perspective is scholarly...."--"The American Journal of Psychiatry"

Introductionp. 1
Background
Ethanol: The Beverage Alcoholp. 7
Preliminary Considerationsp. 7
The Definition of Alcohol Tolerancep. 14
Biological Explanations of Alcohol Tolerancep. 15
The Seeds of Doubtp. 19
Nonpharmacological Factors Affecting Alcohol Tolerancep. 24
Early Studiesp. 24
Competing Interpretationsp. 25
Too Many Explanations?p. 32
The Plot Thickens: Tolerance and Events after Drinkingp. 35
Clues from Studies Using Within-Subjects Designsp. 36
Suspicions Concerning the Consequences of Tolerancep. 39
Summaryp. 41
Learning, Expectancy, and Drug Tolerance
Theory Developmentp. 45
Contemporary Learning Theoryp. 46
Expectancyp. 48
Theoryp. 51
Summary and Previewp. 54
Alcohol Tolerance in Social Drinkers
Research Strategy: Planning the Attackp. 59
Experimental Designp. 59
Subjects, Selection, and Initial Briefingp. 63
Apparatusp. 66
Experimental Proceduresp. 67
Behavioral Effect of Alcoholp. 70
Experimental Treatmentsp. 72
Summaryp. 74
Alcohol Tolerance: Learning by Doingp. 75
Acquisitionp. 76
Demonstrating Rc-S* Expectancy Effectsp. 79
Learning versus Performance of Tolerancep. 83
Extinctionp. 87
Transferp. 90
Summary and Implicationsp. 93
Alcohol Tolerance: Learning by Thinkingp. 96
The Equivalence of Mental and Physical Practicep. 98
Interpreting Mental Rehearsal Effectsp. 104
Training History Effectsp. 107
The Imaginary S* in Mental Practicep. 113
Can Mental Rehearsal without Alcohol Induce Tolerance?p. 114
Summaryp. 118
Expectancy Effects During a Single Dose
Acute Alcohol Tolerancep. 123
Backgroundp. 124
Acquisition Affects Acute Tolerancep. 130
Retention Changes the Entire Profile of Impairmentp. 136
Summaryp. 142
Implications and Applications
Theory and Researchp. 147
Predicting Behavioral Tolerancep. 147
Expectancy and Capabilityp. 151
Individual Differencesp. 152
Predicting Placebo Responses to Alcoholp. 153
Summaryp. 156
Transition from Social to Abusive Drinkingp. 159
Behavioral Tolerance and Physical Dependencep. 159
Early and Late Stages of Tolerancep. 161
Tolerance to Pleasant Outcomesp. 164
Pleasant Expectancies and Alcohol Consumptionp. 165
Tolerance: Risks and Benefitsp. 166
Transition Drinkingp. 167
Summaryp. 170
Social Issuesp. 173
Traffic Safetyp. 173
Alcohol Abusep. 176
Drunken Conduct and Responsibilityp. 176
Treatment and Preventionp. 178
Overview
Alcohol, Science, and Societyp. 187
A. Recommended Menu for Alcohol Sessionsp. 193
B. Personal Drinking History Questionnairep. 194
C. Psychomotor Tasksp. 196
D. Instruments to Measure BAC from Breath Samplesp. 198
E. Example Tape Transcript of Mental Rehearsal Instructionsp. 199
Referencesp. 201
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780898621914
ISBN-10: 0898621917
Series: Guilford Substance Abuse
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 221
Published: 1st March 1992
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.1 x 16.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.53