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Albion's Seed : Four British Folkways in America - David Hackett Fischer

Albion's Seed

Four British Folkways in America

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This book is the first volume in a cultural history of the United States, from the earliest English settlements to our own time. It is a history of American folkways as they have changed through time, and it argues a thesis about the importance for the United States of having been British in its cultural origins.
From 1629 to 1775, North America was settled by four great waves of English-speaking immigrants. The first was an exodus of Puritans from the east of England to Massachusetts (1629-1640). The second was the movement of a Royalist elite and indentured servants from the south of England to Virginia (ca. 1649-75). The third was the "Friends' migration,"--the Quakers--from the North Midlands and Wales to the Delaware Valley (ca. 1675-1725). The fourth was a great flight from the borderlands of North Britain and northern Ireland to the American backcountry (ca. 1717-75).
These four groups differed in many ways--in religion, rank, generation and place of origin. They brought to America different folkways which became the basis of regional cultures in the United States. They spoke distinctive English dialects and built their houses in diverse ways. They had different ideas of family, marriage and gender; different practices of child-naming and child-raising; different attitudes toward sex, age and death; different rituals of worship and magic; different forms of work and play; different customs of food and dress; different traditions of education and literacy; different modes of settlement and association. They also had profoundly different ideas of comity, order, power and freedom which derived from British folk-traditions. Albion's Seed describes those differences in detail, and discusses the continuing importance of their transference to America.
Today most people in the United States (more than 80 percent) have no British ancestors at all. These many other groups, even while preserving their own ethnic cultures, have also assimilated regional folkways which were transplanted from Britain to America. In that sense, nearly all Americans today are "Albion's Seed," no matter what their ethnic origins may be; but they are so in their different regional ways. The concluding section of Albion's Seed explores the ways that regional cultures have continued to dominate national politics from 1789 to 1988, and still control attitudes toward education, government, gender, and violence, on which differences between American regions are greater than between European nations.
Albion's Seed also argues that the four British folkways created an expansive cultural pluralism that has proved to the more libertarian than any single culture alone could be. Together they became the determinants of a voluntary society in the United States.

"Professor Fischer's careful research and analysis opens a much needed discussion of cultural character and origins in North America. The variety and complexity of historical sources will inform the work of other cultural historians and analysts."--Nadesan Permaul, UC Berkeley "This is history at a lively pace, peppered with curious details about the origins of families....The author makes a convincing case."--Dolores and Roger Flaherty, Chicago Sun-Times "A pleasure to read, for it is written with Fischer's characteristic perspicuity. Moreover, the numerous drawings by Jennifer Brody and maps by Andrew Mudryk are a visual treat."--Raymond A. Mohl, Review Essay "The kind of book one can open to almost any page and immediately become engrossed....readers will enjoy and benefit from this book....We eagerly await volume two."--Neil R. Stout, Vermont History "Holds up to readers a mirror in which they can discover in themselves and in their own world the persistence of their heritage....An engrossing work that will whet the appetite for more."--The National Genealogical Society Quarterly "Ingenious and provocative....Raises matters of cardinal interest."--IThe Times Literary Supplement "A splendid work of historical scholarship. . . . based on an original conception of cultural history which I find extremely usable. Eminently readable."--Omer Hadziselimovic, Earlham College [SEE REVIEW CARD FOR ACCENTS ON LAST NAME] "[A] sprightly analysis....This is history at a lively pace, peppered with curious details about the origins of familiar words and practices....The author makes a convincing case for his claim that `in a cultural sense most Americans are Albion's seed."--Chicago Sun-Times "One of the most interesting, important, and ambitious books about American cultural and social origins ever written....A richly rewarding book, and one of great significance....It blends the best of new and old scholarship in lucid language designed to attract laymen and students alike. Very simply, Albion's Seed is a splendid achievement."--Michael Kammen, New York Newsday "David Hackett Fischer's book could not be much bigger or more ambitious. It is the first in a series of volumes that he hopes will eventually constitute a cultural history of the United States....This book starts his series with a bang--a big bang....Remarkable....A revisionist blockbuster."--Gordon Wood, The New Republic "Beautifully produced, this work should popularize the discoveries of a generation of scholars in the new social history. Anyone interested in these four cultures of the Anglo-American colonists will find here population data, family life, community mores, and achetypical individuals, portrayed in a clear and often lively text, thoughtfully analyzed illustrations, and wonderful maps."--Stephen Saunders Webb, Washington Post Book World "[A] superbly ambitious interpretation of American origins....A major book, which cannot be ignored."--Times (London) "A brilliant and formidable achievement, a major American contribution to the international tradition of great historical writing."--Chronicles "Insightful, fresh, interesting, and well-written, this synthesis of traditional and more current historical scholarship provides a model for interpretations of the American character. Subsequent volumes of this promised multivolume work will be eagerly awaited. Highly recommended."--Library Journal "An invaluable contribution to the study of American society."--Choice "Fischer's is a striking and distinctive vision. He has gathered information (and allies--eg., W.D. Burnham) almost promiscuously; he has certainly put his visiting professorships at Oxford to excellent use (much intriguing English manuscript material is cited)."--Journal of American Studies "A book that will benefit any genealogist interested in American history and society--exceptionally readable and academically satisfying. It should have a place in every family history library."--Debra L. Wiley "An extraordinary achievement. Albion's Seed is a book of astonishing depth, power, and feeling, filled with stimulating insights. The brillance of Fischer's analysis lies in the extraordinary erudition he brings to his task, his elegant writings, and his bold thesis."--Journal of American Folklore "Fischer's delineation of thirteen aspects of folklife (or folkways, as he terms them) makes his book as important to folklorists as it so obviously is to historians of the culture of the United States. It is a very important book."--Thomas E. Barden, University of Toledo "A brilliant and beautiful book, rich in insights. Every American should read it."--Jim Jasper, New York University "An amazing compendium of data interwoven with lively interpretation. Quite readable and informative on several levels. I'll use it often."--Kenneth A. Thigpen, Penn. State University

ISBN: 9780195037944
ISBN-10: 0195037944
Series: America, a Cultural History : Book 1
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 968
Published: 19th October 1989
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 5.39
Weight (kg): 1.53