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Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application IX : NATO Asi Series - H.V. Dop

Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application IX

NATO Asi Series

By: H.V. Dop (Editor), George Kallos (Editor), H.Van Dop (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st November 1992
ISBN: 9780306442483
Number Of Pages: 803

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The interest in air pollution modelling has shown substantial growth over the last five years. This was particularly evident by the increasing number of participants attending the NATO/CCMS International Technical Meetings on Air Pollution modelling and its Application. At the last meeting 118 papers and posters were selected from an abundance of submitted abstracts divided over five modelling topics: (i) model assessment and verification, including policy applications, (ii) air pollution modelling in coastal areas with emphasis on the mediterranean region, (iii) accidental atmospheric releases, including warning systems and regulations, (iv) modelling of global and long-range transport and (v) new developments in turbulent diffusion. A round-table discussion chaired by John Irwin (USA) and Jan Kretzschmar (Belgium) on the harmonization of air pollution models was attended by more than 50 scientists and is reported in these proceedings. The opening paper addressed the main issue of this conference: modelling over complex terrain. Of particular interest were coastal areas where the surface inhomogeneities introduce small-scale circulation and varying atmospheric stability, often combined with a complex topography. As the conference was located on the beautiful island of Crete, problems faced by the host nation, particularly Athens and its environs were obvious examples for consideration. These together with other regions with similar geographical features were addressed. Heavily populated and industrialized as they often are, air quality is generally poor there and emission regulations are desired. Obviously, a major task of air pollution dispersion modelling is to assist policy makers in formulating sensible regulations.

Air Quality Modeling in Complex Terrainsp. 3
UK Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling Systemp. 15
An Improved Dispersion Model for Regulatory Use - The OML Modelp. 29
The CAR Model: Calculation of Air Pollution from Road Traffic, A Calculation Method for the Determination of Air Quality in City Streets in The Netherlandsp. 39
A Conceptual Framework for Evaluating the Performance of Grid-Based Photochemical Air Quality Simulation Modelsp. 49
Regional Analysis of S Emission-Deposition Trends in North America from 1979 Through 1988p. 57
Estimation of the Sulfur Emissions Trends in Europe Based on Measurements and Source-Receptor Matricesp. 65
Weather Conditions during Air Pollution Episodes in Athens, Greece: An Overview of the Problemp. 77
Photochemical Grid Modeling in Coastal Regions Using a Space-Time Varying Vertical Meshp. 105
Modelling of Photosmog Formation in Athensp. 113
High Resolution Simulations of the Sea/Land Breeze in Athens, Greece, Using the Non-Hydrostatic Mesoscale Model MEMOp. 123
Nonstationary 3-D Simulation of Air Flow and Pollutant Transport in the Coastal Region of Northern Germany and the Oresundp. 133
Numerical Study on the Detailed Structure and Dynamics of Land/Sea Breezes as a Gravity Currentp. 143
Description and Sensitivity Analysis of the Shoreline Dispersion Model (SDM)p. 153
Effect of Land Surface Representation on Simulated Mesoscale Pollution Dispersionp. 163
Receptor-Oriented Dispersion Modeling: Extension to Nonlinear Pollution Chemistryp. 171
Impact of Local Sources During Stagnant Conditions in Shenandoah National Parkp. 179
Modelisation of Pollutants Dispersion in the Alpine Regionp. 187
Wind Field and Pollutant Dispersion Analysis in Greater Athens Area Using the Euridice Code Systemp. 195
Modelling Dry Deposition of Particles to the Oceanp. 205
Multiscale Horizontal Transport for Urban and Regional Air Quality Modelingp. 211
Dispersion Simulations of NO[subscript x] in Athens, Greece, Using a Lagrangian Dispersion Modelp. 221
Investigation of the Temporal and Spatial Variations of PBL Height over Israelp. 231
Results of Modelling Sulphur and Nitrogen Depositions onto the Seas Adjoining Europep. 241
Estimating Atmospheric Inputs of Trace Constituents to the North Sea: Methods and Resultsp. 249
Comparison of Measured and Simulated SO[subscript 2], NO, NO[subscript 2] and Ozone Concentrations for an Episode of the TULLA Experimentp. 259
Overview on ATMES: An Intercomparison Study of Results from Long-Range Transport Models After Chernobylp. 269
Simulation of Transport and Dispersion of Tracer Releasesp. 285
The Estimation of the Optimal Number of Particles Required for a Regional Multi-Particle Long Range Transport and Dispersion Modelp. 295
The Influence of Deep Convection Phenomena on Trajectories Computed by Long-Range Transport Modelsp. 307
Sensitivity of an Operational Puff Dispersion Model to Alternative Estimates of Mixed-Layer Depthp. 315
Modelling of Atmospheric Dispersion Following Accidental Releases from Nuclear Power Plants - An Intercomparison of Revised French and German Model Conceptsp. 323
One-Level and Two-Dimensional Mesoscale Models for Emergency Management Applicationsp. 333
An Advanced Box Model to Address Some Outstanding Problems in Dense Gas Dispersionp. 341
Real-Time Forecasting of Atmospheric Debris Transportp. 351
The Effects of Different Atmospheric Dispersion Models on the Results of Accident Consequence Assessmentsp. 357
On the Application of Four Dimensional Data Assimilation of Air Pollution Data Using the Adjoint Techniquep. 365
Review of Numerical Approaches for Modeling Global Transportp. 377
Three-Dimensional Modeling of the Concentration and Deposition of Lead-210 and Beryllium-7 Aerosolsp. 395
Emissions of NMHCs and NOx and Global Ozone Productionp. 405
A 3 Dimensional Global Study of the Photochemistry of Ethane and Propane in the Troposphere: Production and Transport of Organic Nitrogen Compoundsp. 415
The Effect of Zonal Averaging in Global Modelling of Tropospheric Ozone Distributionsp. 427
Tropospheric Ozone in Tenerife Measured at Izana BAPMoN Observatory and La Laguna University Stationp. 437
Simulated Semi-Global Scale Transport of SO[subscript 2] and [actual symbol not reproducible] from East Asia to the Northern Pacific in Spring Season: The Role of Low and High Pressure Systemsp. 445
Modelling of Long-Range, Long-Term Photochemical Oxidant Formationp. 455
The EMEP MSC-W Long Period Photo-Oxidant Modelp. 465
Estimation of Emission Data from Greece as Input for Long Range Transport Calculationsp. 475
Characteristics of Tropospheric Ozone Production and Transport in East Asiap. 485
A Wintertime Comparison of Modelled and Observed Dry Deposition Velocity of O[subscript 3] Over a Deciduous Forestp. 495
Results from a Climatological Model of Heavy Metals in Europe's Atmospherep. 503
The Role of Cloud Processes in Non-Precipitating Clouds in Producing Ambient Sulfate: Sensitivity Studies with a Comprehensive Modelp. 513
Transport of Trace Gas Species by Convective Cloud Systemsp. 525
Characterising Cloud Processes and Wet Deposition in Long-Range Transport Modelsp. 535
A Simple Cloud Chemistry Model: It's Performance Compared to Observationsp. 543
Influence of Mesoscale Circulations on Long-Range Transport in the Grand Canyon Areap. 553
An Operational Meteorological Diagnostic System for Regional Air Pollution Analysis and Long Term Modelingp. 565
Large-Eddy Simulation of Atmospheric Dispersionp. 575
Simulation of the Convective Boundary Layer in Comparison to Aircraft-Measurementsp. 587
Characterisation of Plumes at Long Rangep. 595
An Intercomparison of Atmospheric Turbulence Parameters and Their Application to a Tracer Experiment Using a Monte Carlo Particle Modelp. 605
Gravity-Wave-Generated Turbulence and Diffusion in the Stable Planetary Boundary Layerp. 613
Atmospheric Flow and Fluxes Over Complex Terrain, Sub-Grid Parametrization Analytical Theoryp. 623
Concentration Fluctuation Experiments in Stable Conditions and in a Pseudo-Urban Environmentp. 631
Modelling Dispersion and NO Oxidation in Power Plant Plumesp. 641
A New Method for Incorporating Point Sources into Eulerian Dispersion Modelsp. 651
Assessment and Application of an Advanced Gaussian Plume Modelp. 661
A Linear Model for Stratified Flow in Complex Terrainp. 677
Second-Order Closure Turbulence Model for Air Pollution Studiesp. 687
A Positive Definite Advection Scheme for Use in Long Range Transport Models: Extension to Monotonicityp. 695
Assessing Air Pollution Impacts: Matching the Transport Model to the Dynamic Response of the Receptorp. 703
Application of Fluctuating Concentration Models: Analysis of Response to Odourp. 711
Summary of Application Software "Tracer Imager Package" (TRIP)p. 719
Software Presentation of APC-2+ Code: Atmospheric Pollution Control - Version 2+p. 721
Software Presentation of LAMBDA Code - Lagrangian Model for Buoyant Dispersion in the Atmospherep. 723
Application of Coupled Prognostic Windfield and Lagrangian Dispersion Models for Air Quality Purposes in a Region of Coastal Terrainp. 725
Model of Internal Boundary Layer Development During Onshore Flowp. 731
MECAPIP Project: Influence of the Iberian Thermal Low On the Summer Seabreeze Circulation on the Spanish East Coastp. 733
Wind Circulation and Air Dispersion Concentration in a Coastal Industrialized Areap. 737
Sea Breeze Vertical Structure in the West Coast of Portugalp. 739
Analysis of Formation, Destruction and Transport of Tropospheric Ozone in the Eastern Mediterraneanp. 743
Analysis of Unusually High Ozone Peaks in the Vienna Urban Plumep. 745
Atmospheric Pollution from Sulfur Dioxide in the Region of Thessaloniki, Greecep. 747
A Classification Scheme for the Wind Profile Power-Law Exponent in Terms of the Pasquill Stability Classesp. 755
Dispersion Experiments Around the Isolated Hill 'Sophienhohe'p. 759
Comparison of Wind-Models for Real Time Dispersion Simulation of Tracer Experiments Conducted over Complex Terrain During Weak Flow Conditionsp. 761
An Expert Advisor for the Selection of Air Pollution Modelsp. 763
Environmental Impact Assessment by Means of Two Different (National) Models: IFDM in Belgum and Pluimplus in The Netherlandsp. 765
Complex Terrain Model Verification for Predicting Compliance With Air Quality Standardsp. 767
Summary of the 19-th NATO/CCMS International Technical Meeting (ITM) Round Table Discussion on the Harmonization of Atmospheric Dispersion Modelsp. 769
Participantsp. 781
Author Indexp. 795
Subject Indexp. 799
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306442483
ISBN-10: 0306442485
Series: NATO Asi Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 803
Published: 1st November 1992
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 4.29
Weight (kg): 1.62