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Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology : Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation Ser. - Kenji Omasa

Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology

Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation Ser.

By: Kenji Omasa (Editor), H. Saji (Editor), S. Youssefian (Editor), N. Kondo (Editor)

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Air pollution is ubiquitous in industrialized societies, causing a host of environmental problems. It is thus essential to monitor and reduce pollution levels. A number of plant species already are being exploited as detectors (for phytomonitoring) and as scavengers (for phytoremediation) of air pollutants. With advances in biotechnology, it is now feasible to modify plants for a wider range of phytomonitoring and phytoremediation applications. This text presents results in this field, including plant responses during phytomonitoring, pollution-resistant plant species, imaging diagnosis of plant responses and the use of novel transgenic plants, along with reviews of basic plant physiology and biochemistry where appropriate. It is designed for researchers and students working in plant biotechnology and the environmental sciences or considering new areas of investigation.

Foreword
Preface
Contributors
Plant Responses and Phytomonitoring
Responses of Whole Plants to Air Pollutantsp. 3
Plants as Bioindicators of Air Pollutantsp. 41
Phytomonitoring for Urban Environmental Managementp. 61
Effects of Air Pollutants on Lipid Metabolism in Plantsp. 93
Effects of Ethylene on Plant Responses to Air Pollutantsp. 111
Effects of Air Pollutants on Gene Expression in Plantsp. 121
Biotechnology for Phytomonitoringp. 141
Resistant Plants and Phytoremediation
Absorption of Organic and Inorganic Air Pollutants by Plantsp. 155
Uptake, Metabolism, and Detoxification of Sulfur Dioxidep. 179
Elevated Levels of Hydrogen Sulfide in the Plant Environment: Nutrient or Toxinp. 201
Metabolism and Detoxification of Nitrogen Dioxide and Ammonia in Plantsp. 221
Plant Resistance to Ozone: the Role of Ascorbatep. 235
Detoxification of Active Oxygen Species and Tolerance in Plants Exposed to Air Pollutants and CO[subscript 2]p. 253
Countermeasures with Fertilization to Reduce Oxidant-Induced Injury to Plantsp. 269
Image Diagnosis of Plant Response and Gas Exchange
Image Instrumentation of Chlorophyll a Fluorescence for Diagnosing Photosynthetic Injuryp. 287
Field-Portable Imaging System for Measurement of Chlorophyll Fluorescence Quenchingp. 309
Assessment of Environmental Plant Stresses Using Mutlispectral Steady-State Fluorescence Imageryp. 321
Diagnosis of Stomatal Response and Gas Exchange of Trees by Thermal Remote Sensingp. 343
Generation of Transgenic Plants
Manipulation of Genes Involved in Sulfur and Glutathione Metabolismp. 363
Manipulation of Genes for Nitrogen Metabolism in Plantsp. 383
Manipulation of Genes for Antioxidative Enzymesp. 403
Application of Genetic Engineering for Forest Tree Speciesp. 415
Environmental Risk Assessment of Transgenic Plants: A Case Study of Cucumber Mosaic Virus-Resistant Melon in Japanp. 435
Indexp. 449
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9784431702160
ISBN-10: 4431702164
Series: Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation Ser.
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 455
Publisher: Springer Verlag, Japan
Country of Publication: JP
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.88