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Agricultural Biodiversity in Smallholder Farms of East Africa - United Nations University Press

Agricultural Biodiversity in Smallholder Farms of East Africa

Paperback Published: 30th January 1999
ISBN: 9789280810882
Number Of Pages: 392

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Smallholder farmers are the guardians, as well as the beneficiaries, of a greater diversity of biological species than can be found in protected areas. The farmers' diverse practices are conserving these species for the benefit of future generations. In turn, agricultural biodiversity is a primary way for the poor to cope with difficult biophysical environments and precarious social and political circumstances. The United Nations University Project on People, Land Management, and Environmental Change (PLEC) studies and documents how the accumulated knowledge and experience of smallholders and their diverse practices lead to clear benefits for both biodiversity and society. This book highlights the ways smallholder farmers of East Africa—in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda—are playing their part in the global agenda for the conservation, sustainable use, and equitable sharing of the benefits of biodiversity It draws on lessons learned from farmers, researchers, extension staff, policymakers, and aid agencies who are actively supporting PLEC demonstration sites in East Africa. It shows the very real potential of learning from farmers and basing policy on tried and tested ways of managing complex agricultural systems.

List of tables and figuresp. ix
List of acronymsp. xiv
Forewordp. xvi
Introduction to agricultural biodiversity in East Africa
Agricultural biodiversity in East Africa--Introduction and acknowledgementsp. 3
Managing biodiversity in agricultural systemsp. 20
Agrobiodiversity potential of smallholder farms in a dissected highland plateau of western Ugandap. 34
Typical biodiversity in home gardens of Nduuri location, Runyenjes, Embu, Kenyap. 57
Components of agricultural biodiversity
Spatial and temporal characteristics of rainfall in Arumeru district, Arusha region, Tanzaniap. 69
The botanical knowledge of different age groups of the Nduuri farming community, Embu, Kenyap. 85
Diversity of vegetables and fruits and their utilization among the Nduuri community of Embu, Kenyap. 92
The effect of fig trees (Ficus sycomorus) on soil quality and coffee yield: An investigation into a traditional conservation practice in Embu district, Kenyap. 100
The role of livestock in soil fertility and biodiversity change in Nduuri, Embu, Kenyap. 105
Household diversity of smallholder farms of Nduuri, Embu, Kenyap. 113
Socio-economic factors influencing agrobiodiversity and the livelihoods of small-scale farmers in Arumeru, Tanzaniap. 120
Agrodiversity of banana (Musa spp.) production in Bushwere, Mbarara district, Ugandap. 133
Changes in land use and its impact on agricultural biodiversity in Arumeru, Tanzaniap. 145
Farmers' perspectives
Participatory technology development and dissemination: A methodology to capture the farmers' perspectivesp. 159
Experimenting with agrobiodiversity conservation technologies: My experiences with setaria grass in a banana plantation in Ugandap. 171
The shared activities of PLEC farmers in Arumeru, Tanzaniap. 178
My experience as a farmer with the KARI PLEC teamp. 182
Agrobiodiversity conservation for the promotion of apiculture and household welfare in Ugandap. 185
Farmers' evaluation of soil management practices used in Mbarara district, south-western Ugandap. 189
Policy recommendations
Technical and policy recommendations for sustainable management of agricultural biodiversity: Recommendations for Tanzania with contributions from meeting participantsp. 203
Developing policy and technical recommendations for the conservation of agricultural biodiversity in Ugandap. 218
East Africa PLEC General Meeting, 26-28 November 2001p. 232
List of contributorsp. 237
Indexp. 240
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789280810882
ISBN-10: 928081088X
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 392
Published: 30th January 1999
Publisher: United Nations University
Country of Publication: JP
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.6  x 1.3
Weight (kg): 0.02