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Africa's ICT Infrastructure : Directions in Development - World Bank

Africa's ICT Infrastructure

Directions in Development

Paperback Published: 24th June 2011
ISBN: 9780821384541
Number Of Pages: 279

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Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been a remarkable success in Africa. In just 10 years--dating from the end of the 1990s--mobile network coverage rose from 16 percent to 90 percent of the urban population and by 2009 nearly half of Africa's rural population was also living within range of a mobile network. Large-scale investment in the sector across the continent has transformed telecommunications from a luxury enjoyed by a privileged few to a mass-market, low-cost service, used in villages and cities alike. Africa's ICT Infrastructure: Building on the Mobile Revolution charts this ICT revolution, reviewing the rapid growth in networks and the emergence of the mobile phone as a part of everyday life in Africa. It also tracks the policy and regulatory changes that have driven this growth: the liberalization of markets, the establishment of effective competition and the emergence of institutions to regulate the sector. Africa's ICT Infrastructure reviews how the investment in the sector has been financed and how the structure of the market has changed since the liberalization process started. It looks at the role of both private and public institutions as sources of financing for the sector and charts the emergence of investors from developing countries in leading the expansion of the sector across the region. In the context of these successful sector reforms, Africa's ICT Infrastructure addresses one of the key questions facing regulators and policy makers: how far will this process go in delivering universal access to telecommunications services? By adopting an innovative new spatial modeling approach, the authors have mapped existing mobile network coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa and estimated the limits of commercially viable network expansion. But at the same time as voice networks are expanding across the region, the focus of sector policy makers is turning to the Internet which is becoming increasingly important in the global economy. The authors use a similar spatial approach to analyze the commercial viability of wireless broadband networks in Africa and review the development of the region's fiber-optic network infrastructure which lies at the heart of broadband service delivery. Finally, Africa's ICT Infrastructure draws these experiences together and offers a set of policy recommendations that will support the continued development of the sector, particularly in the delivery of affordable broadband Internet.

About the AICDp. xiii
Series Forewordp. xv
About the Authorsp. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
Abbreviationsp. xxi
Introductionp. 1
Access to Communicationsp. 2
Institutions and Market Reformp. 9
Financingp. 15
Future Investment Needsp. 17
Policy Analysis and Conclusionsp. 20
Notesp. 24
Referencesp. 24
Access to Telecommunications in Africap. 25
Access: Burgeoning, at Least for Mobile Telephonyp. 26
Prices: Falling, Where Competition Is the Rulep. 33
Quality: Reliability Is a Problemp. 45
Infrastructure: Bottlenecks Impede Growthp. 50
Conclusionp. 66
Notesp. 66
Referencesp. 68
Market Reform and Regulationp. 71
Market Liberalization and the Development of Competitionp. 73
Private Sector Participationp. 95
Regulationp. 98
Reform and Performancep. 108
Notesp. 115
Referencesp. 118
Financing Telecommunications in Africap. 123
Private Financing of ICT Investmentp. 124
Public Financing of ICT Investmentp. 137
Notesp. 144
Referencesp. 145
Future Investment Needsp. 147
The Cost of Providing Basic Voice Network Coveragep. 149
Wireless Broadband Infrastructurep. 170
Notesp. 178
Referencesp. 178
Policy Analysis and Conclusionsp. 181
Policy Analysisp. 181
Recommendationsp. 186
Conclusionp. 199
Referencesp. 200
Access to Telecommunications in Africap. 201
Market Reform and Regulationp. 203
Financing Telecommunications in Africap. 237
Future Investment Needsp. 245
Rates of Penetration of ICT Services in Sub-Saharan Africap. 255
Indexp. 267
Boxes
The Challenge of Estimating the Number of Broadband Users in Africa: The Case of Nigeriap. 34
Fixed-Line Services in Nigeriap. 76
Wireless Broadband Infrastructure Basicsp. 171
Figures
Competition in Mobile Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1993-2009p. 10
Telecommunications Subscribers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 1998-2008p. 27
Growth in New Mobile Subscribers, Sub-Saharan Africa, 1999-2008p. 28
ICT Penetration Rates per 100 Inhabitants, 2008p. 29
Average Penetration Rates, Top 10 Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa versus Bottom 10, 2008p. 30
Access to Telephones by Rural/Urban and Income Quintile, 2007p. 31
Public Pay Phones in Kenya, 2001/02-2007/08p. 32
Wireless Broadband Subscriber Growth (2000-10), Top 10 Countries in Sub-Saharan Africap. 33
Cost of Fixed-Line Monthly Basket, 2009p. 36
Cost of Mobile Prepaid Monthly Basket, 2009p. 37
Trends in Mobile Prices in Africap. 39
Median Mobile Monthly Average Revenue per User, 2000-10p. 40
Value Added and Excise Taxes on Mobile Communications Services, 2007p. 41
Average (Mean) Price of a One-Minute Peak-Rate Call to the United States from Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2000-08p. 42
Price of One-Minute Peak-Rate Call to the United States from Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2010p. 43
Price of One-Minute Peak-Rate International Call within Africa, 2010p. 44
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821384541
ISBN-10: 0821384546
Series: Directions in Development
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 279
Published: 24th June 2011
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.61 x 14.99  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.48

Earn 162 Qantas Points
on this Book