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Aeronautical Research in Germany : From Lilienthal Until Today - Ernst-Heinrich Hirschel

Aeronautical Research in Germany

From Lilienthal Until Today

Hardcover Published: 2nd December 2003
ISBN: 9783540406457
Number Of Pages: 694

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From the pioneering glider flights of Otto Lilienthal (1891) to the advanced avionics of today's Airbus passenger jets, aeronautical research in Germany has been at the forefront of the birth and advancement of aeronautics. On the occasion of the centennial commemoration of the Wright Brother's first powered flight (December 1903), this English-language edition of Aeronautical Research in Germany recounts and celebrates the considerable contributions made in Germany to the invention and ongoing development of aircraft.

Featuring hundreds of historic photos and non-technical language, this comprehensive and scholarly account will interest historians, engineers, and, also, all serious airplane devotees. Through individual contributions by 35 aeronautical experts, it covers in fascinating detail the milestones of the first 100 years of aeronautical research in Germany, within the broader context of the scientific, political, and industrial milieus. This richly illustrated and authoritative volume constitutes a most timely and substantial overview of the crucial contributions to the foundation and advancement of aeronautics made by German scientists and engineers.

Introduction
Aeronautical Research and Technologyp. 3
The Political, Institutional and Industrial Environment of German Aeronautical Research
Aeronautical Research Comes into Being During the Time of the Empirep. 19
The Difficult Situation of Aeronautical Research and the Aeronautical Industry During the Weimar Republic, 1919-1932p. 52
The High Rating of Aeronautical Research During the Third Reichp. 71
The Reconstruction of German Aeronautical Research after 1945p. 99
Results of German Aeronautical Research
Visions and First "Flight Vehicles" - the Beginnings are Promoted Nationallyp. 135
Junkers Aircraft as a Result of Applied Researchp. 141
The Development of the Modern Passenger Aircraftp. 157
Highlights in the Evolution of Sailplanes until 1945p. 163
Derivation of the Aerodynamic Fundamentalsp. 172
Wind Tunnel Technologyp. 186
Piston Aeroengines - Technological Milestones of Developmentp. 202
Aeroengines - Altitude Test Bedsp. 217
The Beginnings of Jet Enginesp. 224
Axial Flow Compressorsp. 225
Combustion Chambersp. 235
Turbine - The Hollow Metal Blade as Solution for Material Shortagep. 244
Fuel and Lubricant Researchp. 252
Inherent Stability and Controllabilityp. 259
Control Configured Stabilityp. 265
First Scientifically Sound Formulation of the Principles of Lightweight Constructionp. 267
From the Fiber Material Wood to Metal Constructionsp. 270
Fatigue and Structural Endurancep. 273
Aeroelasticity - The Interaction of the Elastic Aircraft Structure with Aerodynamic Forcesp. 278
First Helicopters and Rotor Systemsp. 293
Rescue and Safetyp. 309
Transfer of German Aeronautical Knowledge After 1945p. 325
Licensing and Cooperation - Bridges to a New Industrial Structurep. 345
Aerodynamics - from Near-Sonic to Hypersonic Flightp. 387
The Evolution to Modern Jet Enginesp. 407
Combustion Chamber Development Trendsp. 430
Progress in Turbine Blade Cooling Since 1945p. 444
Engines for the German Vertical Take-off Aircraft of the Sixtiesp. 451
Fuel and Lubricant Researchp. 458
The Stuttgart Altitude Test Bedp. 464
Flying Quality Requirements After 1945p. 475
German Developmentsp. 479
Flying Characteristics Specifications for Helicoptersp. 480
From Stable towards Unstable Configuration - Drag Optimizationp. 482
Controlled Flight in the Presence of Flow Separationp. 498
Control, Navigation, Avionics, Cockpitp. 514
Sensors - Night Vision and Warning Systems for Helicoptersp. 527
The Development of Fibre Composite Technologyp. 539
High-Altitude Research Aircraft as Further Examples of the Application of the Fiber Composite Technologyp. 551
Progress in Fatigue Strength After 1945p. 553
Aeroelasticity - New Challenges and Problemsp. 556
Advances in Helicopter Rotor Technologyp. 573
Safety, Reliability and Environmental Compatibility within the Global Air, Transport Systemp. 583
Aerodynamic and Aero-acoustic Performance Measurements on Modelsp. 588
Test Facilities for Airframes and for Dynamic Systems of Rotary Wingsp. 597
Engine Test Standsp. 601
Test Facilities for Aircraft Equipmentp. 604
Development and Flight Simulatorsp. 606
Precursors of In-Flight Simulationp. 608
In-Flight Simulation with Fixed Wing Aircraftp. 613
In-Flight Simulation with Helicoptersp. 617
International and Economical Relevance and Perspectives
The Significance of Aeronautical Research in Germany - Nationally and Internationallyp. 627
Inventors, Researchers, Entrepreneurs and State in their Various Rolesp. 636
On the Way to the Virtual Productp. 643
How to Continue?p. 649
Milestonesp. 655
Development of Staffp. 659
Conversion of Unitsp. 660
Abbreviationsp. 661
Sources of Illustrationsp. 666
Biographical Sketches of Outstanding Personsp. 667
Main Authorsp. 668
Advisors, Contributors, Coordinatorsp. 670
Name Indexp. 676
Subject Indexp. 685
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540406457
ISBN-10: 354040645X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 694
Published: 2nd December 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 3.8
Weight (kg): 1.49