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Adverbial Clauses in Scots : A Semantic-Syntactic Study :  A Semantic-Syntactic Study - Martina Hacker

Adverbial Clauses in Scots : A Semantic-Syntactic Study

A Semantic-Syntactic Study

Hardcover Published: 1998
ISBN: 9783110156430
Number Of Pages: 318
For Ages: 22+ years old

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Presents a syntactic and semantic analysis of a corpus of written and spoken texts in contemporary Scots. The book provides a comparison with contemporary standard English, earlier stages of the English language and neighbouring languages to place Scots in the wider context of European languages.

Acknowledgementsp. v
List of figuresp. xii
List of tablep. xii
Scope and Methodologyp. 1
Introductionp. 3
Aims and scope of the present studyp. 3
The history of Scotsp. 5
Perceptions of Scots and attitudes towards itp. 6
The state of Scottish language studiesp. 9
The grammar of Scots: A neglected field of linguistic researchp. 11
Methodologyp. 12
Data collection and description: preliminary considerationsp. 12
Spoken and written languagep. 12
Introspection, elicitation and corpus studiesp. 17
Dialect in speech and writingp. 18
The database: Collection and descriptionp. 18
Methods of analysisp. 19
Adverbial clauses: Definitions and classificationsp. 21
The syntactic status of adverbial clauses in grammatical theoryp. 21
A function-based definition and classification of adverbial clausesp. 23
General structural characteristics of adverbial clausesp. 26
Clause patterns of adverbial clausesp. 27
Finite clausesp. 27
-ing clausesp. 30
-ed clausesp. 31
Verbless clausesp. 32
Tae-infinitive clausesp. 32
Til-infinitive clausesp. 33
Bare infinitive clausesp. 33
A function-based definition of adverbial subordinatorsp. 34
The morphological structure of adverbial subordinatorsp. 37
Adverbial clauses and polyfunctionalityp. 38
Syntactic polyfunctionalityp. 38
Semantic polyfunctionalityp. 46
Polyfunctionality and the development of adverbial subordinatorsp. 47
Descriptionp. 49
Semantic categoriesp. 51
Clauses of placep. 52
Locative relationshipsp. 52
Definite placep. 52
Indefinite place and directionp. 53
Alternative constructionsp. 55
Differences from Standard Englishp. 55
Clauses of timep. 56
Temporal relationshipsp. 56
Posteriorityp. 56
Overlap of main clause situation and subordinate clause situationp. 65
Anteriorityp. 79
Alternative constructionsp. 92
Differences from Standard Englishp. 93
Clauses of conditionp. 98
Conditional relationshipsp. 98
Condition properp. 98
Open conditionp. 99
Presupposed conditionp. 107
Hypothetical conditionp. 110
The verb phrase in conditional sentencesp. 112
Alternative constructionsp. 117
Rhetorical conditionp. 118
Alternative conditionp. 119
Indirect conditionp. 121
Differences from Standard Englishp. 122
Clauses of restrictionp. 124
Relationships of restrictionp. 124
Restriction of referencep. 124
Direct restriction of knowledgep. 125
Indirect restriction of knowledgep. 125
Differences from Standard Englishp. 126
Clauses of exceptionp. 127
Relationship of exceptionp. 127
Differences from Standard Englishp. 128
Clauses of comparisonp. 129
Relationships of comparisonp. 129
Mannerp. 129
Similarityp. 130
Dissimilarityp. 132
Indirect comparisonp. 134
Differences from Standard Englishp. 134
Clauses of preferencep. 135
Relationship of preferencep. 135
Alternative constructionsp. 137
Differences from Standard Englishp. 137
Clauses of concessionp. 138
Concessive relationshipsp. 138
Alternative constructionsp. 146
Differences from Standard Englishp. 148
Clauses of reasonp. 150
Reason relationshipsp. 150
Direct reasonp. 150
Indirect reasonp. 165
Differences from Standard Englishp. 167
Clauses of purpose and preventionp. 169
Relationships of purpose and preventionp. 169
Direct purposep. 169
Preventionp. 178
Indirect purposep. 181
Differences from Standard Englishp. 182
Clauses of resultp. 184
Relationship of resultp. 184
Alternative constructionsp. 189
Differences from Standard Englishp. 189
Clauses of meansp. 190
Relationship of meansp. 190
Differences from Standard Englishp. 193
Clauses of accompanying circumstancep. 193
Relationship of accompanying circumstancep. 193
Differences from Standard Englishp. 196
Analysisp. 199
Variability of patternsp. 201
Variation within Scotsp. 201
Regional variationp. 201
Written versus spoken Scotsp. 202
Change in progressp. 204
The diachronic perspectivep. 206
Introductionp. 206
Adverbial subordinator inventories in English and Scotsp. 209
A comparison of the formation patterns of adverbial subordinator systems from Old English to present-day English and Scotsp. 214
The cross-linguistic perspective: Structural comparisonp. 217
Formation patterns of adverbial subordinators and adverbial clauses in some European languagesp. 217
The morphological structure of adverbial subordinators in comparisonp. 220
The cross-linguistic perspective: Semantic comparisonp. 221
The semantic composition of adverbial subordinator systemsp. 221
Cognitive semantics and the predictability of subordinator meaningp. 227
Summary and conclusionp. 236
Variation in Scots: Qualitative and quantitative differencesp. 236
Scots and Standard English: Qualitative and quantitative differencesp. 237
Adverbial clauses in Scots: Possible and probable developmentsp. 240
Adverbial clauses in Scots as a case study in dialect syntaxp. 241
Adverbial clauses in Scots: Implications for linguistic theoryp. 242
Areas for future research: Some suggestionsp. 244
The databasep. 247
The spoken corpusp. 247
The written corpusp. 250
Notesp. 255
Referencesp. 267
Mapsp. 287
Author Indexp. 293
General Indexp. 296
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783110156430
ISBN-10: 3110156431
Series: Topics in English Linguistics
Audience: General
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 318
Published: 1998
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.63