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Advanced Nutrition : Macronutrients, Second Edition - Carolyn D. Berdanier

Advanced Nutrition

Macronutrients, Second Edition

Hardcover Published: 28th July 2000
ISBN: 9780849387357
Number Of Pages: 364

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The explosion of knowledge about satiety and hunger has given new meaning to our understanding of the genetics of obesity. New interest in gene expression as related to nutrition and advances in the field of macronutrients has made the latest nutrition research intriguing.

Advanced Nutrition: Macronutrients adopts an integrated approach to the understanding of macronutrient nutrition. It provides scientific foundations of the current findings on energy balance, protein need, gene expression, and carbohydrate and lipid use, and maintains emphasis on the biochemical and physiological basis for nutrient need.

Industry Reviews

About the first edition: "Notable features of this book are many. The book contains a wealth of excellent illustrations...supplemental readings at the end of each chapter serve as excellent sources for a more in-depth study of the presented material." --Martin J. Kullen, University of Minnesota, in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1996, 63: 141-142 About the first edition: "Berdanier's background as a nutritional biochemist gives this text much more depth than other advanced nutrition books...The text does an excellent job describing macronutrients' role in energy metabolism." --Joanne L. Slavin, J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 96(1), January 1996 "The author is a credible authority on much of the subject matter of this book." --Doody Publishing, November 2000

Human Health, Food, and Nutrition
Overviewp. 1
Population Studiesp. 2
Mortality Statisticsp. 3
YPLL-75p. 4
Life Expectancyp. 7
Agingp. 10
Diet and Disease Relationshipsp. 13
Food Intake Studies in Humansp. 17
Dietary Reference Tablesp. 21
Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA)p. 21
Supplemental Readingsp. 28
Water
Overviewp. 31
Chemical and Physical Properties of Waterp. 31
The Functions of Waterp. 33
Body Waterp. 33
Water Compartmentsp. 34
Composition of Extracellular and Intracellular Fluidsp. 34
Cell Structure and Functionp. 37
Receptorsp. 37
Signal Systemsp. 41
Cell Differentiationp. 42
Apoptosisp. 43
Body Compositionp. 46
Water Balancep. 52
Regulation of Water Balancep. 54
Vasopressinp. 55
Atrial Natriuretic Hormonep. 55
Renin, Angiotensin II, Aldosteronep. 55
Satiation of Thirstp. 57
Water Needsp. 57
Abnormalities in Water Balancep. 57
Edemap. 58
Diarrheap. 58
Supplemental Readingsp. 59
Energy
Definitionp. 64
Energy Needp. 66
Digestive Energyp. 67
Basal Energyp. 68
Mitochondrial Structure and Functionp. 71
The Mitochondrial Genomep. 71
Respirationp. 74
Respiratory Chainp. 74
ATP Synthesisp. 76
Uncoupling Proteinsp. 77
Metabolic Control: Oxidative Phosphorylationp. 80
Energy Retainedp. 86
Energetic Efficiencyp. 87
Utilizable Energyp. 88
Thermogenesisp. 89
Abnormal Energy Statesp. 91
Starvation and Undernutritionp. 91
Protein--Energy Malnutritionp. 93
Trauma and Energy Needp. 93
Obesityp. 95
Geneticsp. 96
Set Point Theory in Body Weight Regulationp. 101
Morbidity of Severely Obese Peoplep. 102
Treatment of Obesityp. 102
Drugsp. 103
Regulation of Food Intakep. 105
Psychological Aspects of Food Intakep. 105
Physiological Aspects of Food Intakep. 108
Sensory Perception of Foodp. 108
Appearancep. 108
Texturep. 108
Smell (olfaction)p. 109
Taste (gustation)p. 113
Neuronal Signals for Hunger and Satietyp. 119
Anorexia Nervosap. 124
Abnormal Appetitep. 125
Supplemental Readingsp. 126
Proteins
Overviewp. 130
Amino Acidsp. 130
Chemistryp. 131
Stereochemistryp. 136
Acid-Base Propertiesp. 137
Reactionsp. 138
Peptides and Proteinsp. 139
Protein Structurep. 141
Protein Denaturationp. 141
Classification of Proteinsp. 141
Classification by Solubility and Prosthetic Groupsp. 141
Glycoproteinsp. 141
Lipoproteinsp. 143
Nucleoproteinsp. 143
Other Conjugated Proteinsp. 144
Classification by Functionp. 144
Classification by Nutritive Valuep. 144
Protein Analysisp. 146
Biological Value of Dietary Proteinp. 146
Protein Usep. 152
Digestionp. 152
Absorptionp. 153
Metabolismp. 154
Hormones: Regulators of Protein Metabolismp. 154
Protein Synthesisp. 158
DNAp. 158
Transcriptionp. 162
Translationp. 167
Protein Turnoverp. 170
Protein Degradationp. 170
Amino Acid Catabolismp. 172
Amino Acid Derivativesp. 179
Creatine Phosphatep. 179
Cholinep. 180
Polyaminesp. 180
Functions of Proteinsp. 180
Proteins as Enzymesp. 181
Proteins as Carriersp. 182
Proteins as Regulators of Water Balancep. 182
Proteins as Biological Buffersp. 183
Proteins as Structural Elements and Structural Unitsp. 186
Proteins as Lubricantsp. 187
Proteins in the Immune Systemp. 187
Protein Intake Recommendationsp. 187
Agep. 188
Environmental Temperaturep. 189
Previous Dietp. 189
Physical Activityp. 190
Recommended Dietary Allowancesp. 190
Protein Deficiencyp. 191
Kwashiorkorp. 191
Marasmusp. 192
Integration of the Metabolic Features of Protein Nutritionp. 193
Supplemental Readingsp. 195
Carbohydrates
Overviewp. 198
Classificationp. 198
Structure and Nomenclaturep. 198
Monosaccharidesp. 198
Stereoisomeric Formsp. 200
Anomeric Formsp. 203
Oligosaccharidesp. 204
Disaccharidesp. 205
Polysaccharidesp. 206
Storage Polysaccharidesp. 206
Structural Polysaccharidesp. 207
Mucopolysaccharidesp. 208
Sources of Carbohydratep. 208
Digestion and Absorptionp. 211
Metabolismp. 213
Overviewp. 213
Glycolysisp. 214
Hexose Monophosphate Shuntp. 217
Interconversion of Dietary Sugarsp. 218
Fructosep. 218
Galactosep. 220
Mannosep. 221
Glycogenesis and Glycogenolysisp. 221
Gluconeogenesisp. 226
Cori and Alanine Cyclesp. 226
Glucose Homeostasisp. 230
Abnormalities in the Regulation of Glucose Homeostasis: Diabetes Mellitusp. 233
Consequences of Insulin Deficiencyp. 236
Pancreatic b Islet Cell Failurep. 238
Autoimmune Diseasep. 238
Diabetes Secondary to Viral Infectionsp. 240
Genetic Errors in Insulin Structurep. 241
Target Tissue Diseasep. 242
Mobile Glucose Transportersp. 244
Diabetes Due to a Mitochondrial Genomic Mutationp. 245
Other Health Concerns in Carbohydrate Nutritionp. 248
Agep. 248
Fiberp. 253
Ethanolp. 253
Carbohydrate Requirementsp. 256
Supplemental Readingsp. 257
Lipids
Classificationp. 260
Structure and Nomenclaturep. 260
Simple Lipidsp. 260
Fatty Acidsp. 260
Fatsp. 263
Sources of Lipidsp. 263
Digestion and Absorptionp. 266
Transportp. 269
Endogenous Lipid Transportp. 272
Genetic Basis for Lipoproteinemiap. 273
Nutrient-Gene Interactions in Lipid Transportp. 278
Metabolismp. 280
Fatty Acid Synthesisp. 280
Fatty Acid Elongationp. 285
Fatty Acid Desaturationp. 285
Fatty Acid Autooxidationp. 286
Aging and Free Radicalsp. 288
Fatty Acid Esterificationp. 289
Eicosanoidsp. 293
Fatty Acids and Membrane Functionp. 300
Membrane Phospholipid Compositionp. 300
Disease Effects on Membrane Lipidsp. 301
Hormonal Effects on Membrane Lipidsp. 302
Age Effects on Membrane Lipidsp. 302
Membrane Functionp. 303
Fatty Acid Oxidationp. 304
Dynamic Considerations in Fatty Acid Synthesis and Usep. 308
Cholesterol Synthesis, Degradation and Usep. 309
Synthesisp. 309
Health Concerns in Lipid Nutritionp. 311
Cardiovascular Diseasep. 311
Marine Oils and Diabetesp. 311
Cancer and Dietary Fatp. 312
Other Diseasesp. 312
Supplemental Readingsp. 313
Indexp. 317
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780849387357
ISBN-10: 0849387353
Series: Modern Nutrition
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 364
Published: 28th July 2000
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 18.42  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.84
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition

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