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Adjective Classes : A Cross-linguistic Typology - R.M.W. Dixon

Adjective Classes

A Cross-linguistic Typology

By: R.M.W. Dixon (Editor), Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st August 2004
ISBN: 9780199270934
Number Of Pages: 392

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This book shows that every language has an adjective class and examines how these vary in size and character. The opening chapter considers current generalizations about the nature and classification of adjectives and sets out the cross-linguistic parameters of their variation. Thirteen chapters then explore adjective classes in languages from North, Central and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. Studies of well-known languages such as Russian, Japanese, Korean and Lao are juxtaposed with the languages of small hunter-gatherer and slash-and-burn agriculturalist groups. All are based on fine-grained field research. The nature and typology of adjective classes are then reconsidered in the conclusion. This pioneering work shows, among other things, that the grammatical properties of the adjective class may be similar to nouns or verbs or both or neither; that some languages have two kinds of adjectives, one hard to distinguish from nouns and the other from verbs; that the adjective class can sometimes be large and open, and in other cases small and closed. The book will interest scholars and advanced students of language typology and of the syntax and semantics of adjectives. Each book in this series focuses on an aspect of language that is of current theoretical interest and for which there has not previously or recently been any full-scale cross-linguistic study. The series is for typologists, fieldworkers, and theory developers at graduate level and above. The books will be suited for use as the basis for advanced seminars and courses. The subjects of next three volumes will be serial verb constructions, complementation, and grammars in contact.

The articles are of consistently high quality and the range of language types represented, like the calibre of the researchers themselves, is impressive ... Dixon and Aikhenveld are to be congratulated on bringing together...a first-rate cast of linguists working on such a diverse set of the world's languages ... a remarkable volume ... This volume and the papers in it represent a major advance in parts of speech typology and will surely frame the debate in the nature of adjectives, and lexical classes, and their role in grammatical and typological theory for years to come. David Beck, Functions of Language ...makes a major contribution to the general study of parts of speech across languages... The editors of this book have provided a much-needed analytical framework for typologizing the key distinctions in how the adjective manifests itself as a part of speech. Edward J Vajda, Western Washington University

1: R. M. W. Dixon: Adjective Classes in Typological Perspective 2: Anthony E. Backhouse: Inflected and Uninflected Adjective in Japanese 3: Carol Genetti and Kristine Hildebrandt: The Two Adjective Classes in Manange 4: Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald: The Adjective Class in Tariana 5: Nora C. England: Adjectives in Mam 6: Paulette Levy: Adjectives in Papantla Totonac 7: R. M. W. Dixon: The Small Adjective Class in Jarawara 8: Greville G. Corbett: The Russian Adjective: A pervasive yet elusive category 9: Ho-Min Sohn: The Adjective Class in Korean 10: Fiona McLaughlin: Is there an Adjective Class in Wolof? 11: Catriona Hyslop: Adjectives in North-east Ambae 12: Nicole Kruspe: Adjectives in Semelai 13: Randy J. LaPolla and Chenglong Huang: Adjectives in Qiang 14: N. J. Enfield: Adjectives in Lao 15: John Hajek: Adjectives: What can we conclude?

ISBN: 9780199270934
ISBN-10: 0199270937
Series: Explorations in Linguistic Typology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 392
Published: 1st August 2004
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.24
Weight (kg): 0.73

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