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Adaptive Thinking : Rationality in the Real World - Gerd Gigerenzer

Adaptive Thinking

Rationality in the Real World

Paperback

Published: 1st March 2002
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Where do new ideas come from? What is social intelligence? Why do social scientists perform mindless statistical rituals? This vital book is about rethinking rationality as adaptive thinking: to understand how minds cope with their environments, both ecological and social.

Gerd Gigerenzer proposes and illustrates a bold new research program that investigates the psychology of rationality, introducing the concepts of ecological, bounded, and social rationality. His path-breaking collection takes research on thinking, social intelligence, creativity, and decision-making out of an ethereal world where the laws of logic and probability reign, and places it into our real world of human behavior and interaction. Adaptive Thinking is accessibly written for general readers with an interest in psychology, cognitive science, economics, sociology, philosophy, artificial intelligence, and animal behavior. It also teaches a practical audience, such as physicians, AIDS counselors, and experts in criminal law, how to understand and communicate uncertainties and risks.

"The entire book skillfully conveys a number of messages at different levels. It would be impossible to identify one message that takes precedence over the others, although part V of the book clearly stands in its own right. Gigerenzer draws together the different programmes of work and successfully achieves his objective of presenting a different story about reasoning, a story that is stimulating and inspiring."--Applied Cognitive Psychology

Evolution and Cognitionp. ii
Prefacep. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Where Do New Ideas Come From?p. 1
From Tools to Theoriesp. 3
Mind as Computer the Social Origin of a Metaphorp. 26
Ideas in Exile the Struggles of an Upright Manp. 44
Ecological Rationalityp. 57
Ecological Intelligencep. 59
Conclusionsp. 76
Aids Counseling for Low-Risk Clientsp. 77
How to Improve Bayesian Reasoning Without Instructionp. 92
Bounded Rationalityp. 125
Probabilistic Mental Modelsp. 129
Conclusionsp. 164
Social Rationalityp. 199
Rationality Why Social Context Mattersp. 201
Conclusionsp. 209
Domain-Specific Reasoning Social Contracts and Cheating Detectionp. 211
the Modularity of Social Intelligencep. 234
Cognitive Illusions and Statistical Ritualsp. 237
How to Make Cognitive Illusions Disappearp. 241
The Superego, the Ego, and the Id in Statistical Reasoningp. 267
Surrogates for Theoriesp. 289
Referencesp. 297
Name Indexp. 329
Subject Indexp. 337
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195153729
ISBN-10: 0195153723
Series: Evolution and Cognition Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 1st March 2002
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.4  x 2.0
Weight (kg): 0.5