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Adaptation in Plant Breeding : Developments in Plant Breeding - Peter M.A. Tigerstedt

Adaptation in Plant Breeding

Developments in Plant Breeding

By: Peter M.A. Tigerstedt (Editor)

Hardcover Published: February 1997
ISBN: 9780792340621
Number Of Pages: 308

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Plant adaptation is a fundamental process in plant breeding. It was the first criterion in the initial domestication of plants thousands of years ago. Adaptedness is generally a quantitative complex feature of the plant, involving many traits, many of which are quantitative. Adaptation to stresses like cold, drought or diseases are among the most central problems in a world grappling with global food security. Modern plant breeding, based on mendelian genetics, has made plant improvement more effective and more precise and selective. Molecular genetics and genetic engineering has considerably increased this selectivity down to single genes affecting single traits. The time has come when plant breeding efficiency may cause loss of genetic resources and adaptation. In these proceedings an effort is made to merge modern plant breeding efficiency with ecological aspects of plant breeding, reflected in adaptation. It is hoped that this merger results in more sustainable use of genetic resources and physical environments. The book is based on 10 keynotes addressing a wide spectrum of themes related to adaptation. In addition each subject is further elaborated in up to three case studies on particular plant species or groups of plants. The keynotes do in fact overlap to some degree and there are articles in this volume that seemingly contradict each other, a common aspect in advanced fields of research. The keen reader may conclude that, in a world where climates and environments are under continuous change and where human society is more and more polarized into a developed and a developing part, adaptation of our cultivated plants has different constraints on yields depending on ecology, and indeed economy.

Preface
Genetic basis of the evolution of adaptedness in plantsp. 1
Evolution and adaptedness in a facultatively apomictic grass, Poa pratensis L.p. 13
Unfecund, gigantic mutant of oats (Avena sativa) shows fecundity overdominance and difference in DNA methylation propertiesp. 21
Plant genetic adaptedness to climatic and edaphic environmentp. 27
Climatic adaptation in subterranean clover populationsp. 39
Selection for low temperature tolerance in potato through anther culturep. 45
Climatic adaptation of trees: rediscovering provenance testsp. 49
Genetic and physiological mechanisms of plant adaptationp. 59
Characterization of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) following in vitro selection for salt tolerancep. 69
Photoperiod insensitivity gene essential to the varieties grown in the northern limit region of paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivationp. 77
Adaptive properties of Picea abies progenies are influenced by environmental signals during sexual reproductionp. 81
The role of selection on the genetic structure of pathogen populations: Evidence from field experiments with Mycosphaerella graminicola on wheatp. 87
Diversity among Finnish net blotch isolates and resistance in barleyp. 95
Interaction of insect digestive enzymes with plant protein inhibitors and host-parasite coevolutionp. 103
Adaptation of wheat rusts to the wheat cultivars in former Czechoslovakiap. 109
Intergenotypic interactions in plant mixturesp. 119
Co-adaptation between neighbours? A case study with Lolium perenne genotypesp. 135
Breeding for yield, in mixtures of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and maize (Zea mays L.)p. 143
Breeding components for mixture performancep. 149
Pines beyond the polar circle: Adaptation to stress conditionsp. 153
CIMMYT's approach to breed for drought tolerancep. 161
Aluminium uptake by roots of rye seedlings of differing tolerance to aluminium toxicityp. 169
Structural adaptation of the leaf chlorenchyma to stress condition in the Kola peninsula plantsp. 177
Breeding widely adapted, popular maize hybridsp. 185
CIMMYT's approach to breeding for wide adaptationp. 197
Breeding for wide adaptation in faba beanp. 207
Yield stability and adaptation of Nordic barleysp. 213
Adaptation to low/high input cultivationp. 225
Molecular adaptation of barley to cold and drought conditionsp. 237
Genetic variation for nitrogen use efficiency in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)p. 243
Selection for adaptation in multipurpose trees and shrubs for production and function in agroforestry systemsp. 247
Breeding plans in case of global warmingp. 257
Six cycles of selection of adaptation in two exotic populations of maizep. 263
Overwintering of winter cereals in Hungary in the case of global warmingp. 271
Genetic resources in breeding for adaptationp. 277
Utilization of exotic germplasm in Nordic barley breeding and its consequences for adaptationp. 289
Exotic barley germplasms in breeding for resistance to soil-borne virusesp. 297
Phenological adaptation to cropping environment. From evaluation descriptors of times to flowering to the genetic characterisation of flowering responses to photoperiod and temperaturep. 303
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792340621
ISBN-10: 0792340620
Series: Developments in Plant Breeding
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: February 1997
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.77
Edition Number: 92

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