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Adaptation and Human Behavior : An Anthropological Perspective - Napoleon A. Chagnon

Adaptation and Human Behavior

An Anthropological Perspective

By: Napoleon A. Chagnon, Lee Cronk (Editor), William Irons (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 31st August 2000
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This volume presents state-of-the-art empirical studies working in a paradigm that has become known as human behavioral ecology. The emergence of this approach in anthropology was marked by publication by Aldine in 1979 of an earlier collection of studies edited by Chagnon and Irons entitled "Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective. During the two decades that have passed since then, this innovative approach has matured and expanded into new areas that are explored here. The book opens with an introductory chapter by Chagnon and Irons tracing the origins of human behavioral ecology and its subsequent development. Subsequent chapters, written by both younger scholars and established researchers, cover a wide range of societies and topics organized into six sections. The first section includes two chapters that provide historical background on the development of human behavioral ecology and compare it to two complementary approaches in the study of evolution and human behavior, evolutionary psychology, and dual inheritance theory. The second section includes five studies of mating efforts in a variety of societies from South America and Africa. The third section covers parenting, with five studies on societies from Africa, Asia, and North America. The fourth section breaks somewhat with the tradition in human behavioral ecology by focusing on one particularly problematic issue, the demographic transition, using data from Europe, North America, and Asia. The fifth section includes studies of cooperation and helping behaviors, using data from societies in Micronesia and South America. The sixth and final section consists of a single chapter that placesthe volume in a broader critical and comparative context. The contributions to this volume demonstrate, with a high degree of theoretical and methodological sophistication--the maturity and freshness of this new paradigm in the study of human behavior. The volume will be of interest to anthropologists and other professions working on the study of cross-cultural human behavior.

Preface
Acknowledgment
Contributors
Two Decades of a New Paradigmp. 3
Three Styles in the Evolutionary Analysis of Human Behaviorp. 27
Polygyny, Family Structure, and Child Mortality: A Prospective Study among the Dogon of Malip. 49
Paternal Investment and Hunter-Gatherer Divorce Ratesp. 69
Fertility, Offspring Quality, and Wealth in Datoga Pastoralists: Testing Evolutionary Models of Intersexual Selectionp. 91
Manipulating Kinship Rules: A Form of Male Yanomamo Reproductive Competitionp. 115
Physical Attractiveness, Race, and Somatic Prejudice in Bahia, Brazilp. 133
Parental Investment Strategies among Aka Foragers, Ngandu Farmers, and Euro-American Urban-Industrialistsp. 155
Parenting Other Men's Children: Costs, Benefits, and Consequencesp. 179
Female-Biased Parental Investment and Growth Performance among the Mukogodop. 203
Why Do the Yomut Raise More Sons than Daughters?p. 223
The Grandmother Hypothesis and Human Evolutionp. 237
An Adaptive Model of Human Reproductive Rate Where Wealth Is Iherited: Why People Have Small Familiesp. 261
The Evolutionary Economics and Psychology of the Demographic Transition to Low Fertilityp. 283
Sex, Wealth, and Fertility: Old Rules, New Environmentsp. 323
To Marry Again or Not: A Dynamic Model for Demographic Transitionp. 345
Effects of Illness and Injury on Foraging among the Yora and Shiwiar: Pathology Risk as Adaptive Problemp. 371
Reciprocal Altruism in Yamomamo Food Exchangep. 397
Reciprocal Altruism and Warfare: A Case from the Ecuadorian Amazonp. 417
The Emergence and Stability of Cooperative Fishing on Ifaluk Atollp. 437
Twenty Years of Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: Where Are We Now?p. 475
Indexp. 497
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780202020440
ISBN-10: 0202020444
Series: Evolutionary Foundations of Human Behavior (Paperback)
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 528
Published: 31st August 2000
Publisher: ALDINE PUB
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.04 x 15.27  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.77