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Accretion Disks, Jets and High-Energy Phenomena in Astrophysics : Les Houches Session LXXVIII, July 29 - August 23, 2002 :  Les Houches Session LXXVIII, July 29 - August 23, 2002 - Vassily Beskin

Accretion Disks, Jets and High-Energy Phenomena in Astrophysics : Les Houches Session LXXVIII, July 29 - August 23, 2002

Les Houches Session LXXVIII, July 29 - August 23, 2002

By: Vassily Beskin (Editor), Gilles Henri (Editor), Francois Menard (Editor), Guy Pelletier (Editor), Jean Dalibard (Editor)

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Published: March 2004
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The Physics of Accretion and Ejection.- Accretion and Ejection-Related MHD.- 2D Trans-sonic Hydrodynamics in General Relativity.- Physics Fundamentals of Luminous Accretion Disks Around Black.- Accretion-Ejection Models of Astrophysical Jets.- High Energy Astrophysics.- Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays.- Gamma-Ray Bursts.- Cosmic Rays and Particle Acceleration at Astrophysical Shocks.- Black Holes and AGNs.- The Black Hole Environments.- Accretion Around Active Galactic Nuclei.- High Energy Emission of AGN.- Pre-Main Sequence Objects.- Accretion Signatures in Young Stellar Objects.- Evolution of YSO Disks.- X-Rays from YSOs: Desperately Seeking the Central Engine.- New Instrumentation.- Pierre Auger Observatory: Status and Prospects.- Observations of the High Energy Gamma-Ray Universe.

The physics of accretion and ejection
Accretion and ejection-related MHDp. 3
The MHD modelp. 8
Non relativistic MHDp. 12
Special relativistic MHDp. 16
Magneto hydrostatic equilibriap. 20
Magnetic field evolutionp. 23
The dynamo problemp. 34
Simple stationnary flowsp. 38
Axisymmetric, rotating, stationnary, perfect MHD winds and jetsp. 43
Asymptotics of perfect MHD winds and jetsp. 54
Small motionsp. 62
Stabilityp. 66
Some usual instabilitiesp. 69
Some instabilities in rotating fluidsp. 76
2D transonic hydrodynamics in general relativityp. 85
Ideal hydrodynamics - some fundamental resultsp. 88
Axisymmetric stationary flow - nonrelativistic casep. 97
Axisymmetric stationary flow - general relativityp. 113
Physics fundamentals of luminous accretion disks around black holesp. 137
Shakura-Sunyaev based modelsp. 141
Spectral formationp. 147
The physics of angular momentum transportp. 157
The role of radiation magnetohydrodynamicsp. 173
Accretion-ejection models of astrophysical jetsp. 187
Observations and basic physicsp. 190
Theoretical modelsp. 202
Numerical simulationsp. 215
High energy astrophysics
Ultra high energy cosmic raysp. 233
Extragalactic astrophysical origin of UHECRp. 237
Elementary particle solutions to UHECR problemp. 247
Gamma-ray burstsp. 251
Observationsp. 255
Theoretical scenariop. 271
Afterglowp. 280
Prompt emissionp. 290
Central enginep. 305
More than photons?p. 308
Cosmic rays and particle acceleration at astrophysical shocksp. 313
The birth of cosmic ray physicsp. 315
Radio astronomy, magnetic fields and synchrotron radiationp. 317
Cosmic ray origin theoriesp. 319
Astrophysical particle accelerationp. 320
Basic principles of diffusive shock accelerationp. 323
Diffusion and acceleration timep. 331
The box model for shock accelerationp. 336
Outstanding issues : theoryp. 343
Inclination angle dependence and quasi-perpendicular shocksp. 346
Relativistic shocksp. 349
Ultra-relativistic shocksp. 353
Maximum energy : a cosmic conspiracy?p. 368
Gamma ray bursts and ultra-high-energy cosmic raysp. 373
Black holes and AGN's
The black hole environmentsp. 405
Black holes and beyondp. 409
The black hole paradigm for galactic nucleip. 415
Gravity of compact objectsp. 431
Accretion around active galactic nucleip. 461
General overview of AGNp. 467
Recent progress in stationary models of bright radio quiet objectsp. 480
Recent progress in variability studies of bright radio quiet objectsp. 485
High energy emission of AGNp. 491
Basic propertiesp. 494
Radio-quiet AGNp. 496
Radio-loud AGNp. 499
Analogous systems?p. 509
Non-thermal radiation processes and relativistic beamingp. 510
Pre-main sequence objects
Accretion signatures in young stellar objectsp. 521
YSOp. 523
Formation mechanismsp. 526
Accretion luminosity and mass accretion ratep. 527
Magnetospheric accretionp. 527
Observations of disks in YSOp. 533
Accretion disksp. 534
FU Ori objectsp. 535
Irradiated accretion disksp. 536
Effects of dust propertiesp. 540
SEDs of HAeBep. 542
Winds as accretion diagnosticsp. 543
Validity of the modelsp. 544
Evolution of YSO disksp. 549
Viscous disk evolutionp. 553
What is [alpha] (if any)?p. 560
Angular momentum loss by magnetically-coupled windsp. 563
Gravityp. 566
From protostars to T Tauri starsp. 568
Decay of T Tauri accretionp. 570
From T Tauri to debris disksp. 572
Gas dispersalp. 577
X-Rays from YSOs : desperately seeking the central enginep. 583
Background : YSOs and magnetic fieldsp. 585
Challenging the solar paradigmp. 589
Starting the central engine : X-rays from protostarsp. 592
Magnetic topology of YSOs : Confronting theory and observationp. 594
New instrumentation
Pierre Auger observatory : status and prospectsp. 601
Main parameters of the ground arrayp. 604
Global performance of the ground arrayp. 605
Status and prospectsp. 610
Observations of the high energy gamma-ray universep. 613
Experimental techniques in [gamma]-ray astronomyp. 615
Astrophysics at VHE energiesp. 619
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540201717
ISBN-10: 3540201718
Series: Les Houches - Ecole d'Ete de Physique Theorique
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 628
Published: March 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.79
Weight (kg): 2.49