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Acceptable Evidence : Science and Values in Risk Management - Deborah G. Mayo

Acceptable Evidence

Science and Values in Risk Management

By: Deborah G. Mayo (Editor), Rachelle D. Hollander (Editor)

Paperback Published: 17th February 1994
ISBN: 9780195089295
Number Of Pages: 304

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Discussions of science and values in risk management have largely focused on how values enter into arguments about risks, that is, issues of acceptable risk. Instead this volume concentrates on how values enter into collecting, interpreting, communicating, and evaluating the evidence of risks, that is, issues of the acceptability of evidence of risk. By focusing on acceptable evidence, this volume avoids two barriers to progress. One barrier assumes that evidence of risk is largely a matter of objective scientific data and therefore uncontroversial. The other assumes that evidence of risk, being "just" a matter of values, is not amenable to reasoned critique. Denying both extremes, this volume argues for a more constructive conclusion: understanding the interrelations of scientific and value issues enables a critical scrutiny of risk assessments and better public deliberation about social choices. The contributors, distinguished philosophers, policy analysts, and natural and social scientists, analyze environmental and medical controversies, and assumptions underlying views about risk assessment and the scientific and statistical models used in risk management.

"An excellent survey of a number of issues in environmental ethics."--Joel B. Goldsteen, University of Texas at Arlington "This volume shows that rational, critical approaches to value-laden risk judgments can be fruitful, making possible more sophisticated risk assessments and risk management that better comprehends the values at stake....The focus on evidence of risk and values holds together the diversity of perspectives and real world examples, making the volume useful for teaching."--Ethics "An excellent survey of a number of issues in environmental ethics."--Joel B. Goldsteen, University of Texas at Arlington "This volume shows that rational, critical approaches to value-laden risk judgments can be fruitful, making possible more sophisticated risk assessments and risk management that better comprehends the values at stake....The focus on evidence of risk and values holds together the diversity of perspectives and real world examples, making the volume useful for teaching."--Ethics

Introductionp. xi
Perceiving and Communicating Risk Evidence
Introductionp. 3
Hidden Hazardsp. 9
Acceptable Evidence in a Pluralistic Societyp. 29
Beyond Numbers: A Broader Perspective on Risk Perception and Risk Communicationp. 48
Guidelines for Communicating Information About Chemical Risks Effectively and Responsiblyp. 66
Uncertain Evidence in Risk Management
Introductionp. 93
Risk Assessment and Risk Management: An Uneasy Divorcep. 99
Understanding Uncertainties in Medical Evidence: Professional and Public Responsibilitiesp. 115
Evidential, Ethical, and Policy Disputes: Admissible Evidence in Radioactive Waste Managementp. 137
Expert Claims and Social Decisions: Science, Politics, and Responsibilityp. 160
Philosophy and Scientific Evidence
Introductionp. 177
Knowledge, Values, and Technological Decisions: A Decision Theoretic Approachp. 183
Causing Harm: Epidemiological and Physiological Concepts of Causationp. 204
Reductionist Approaches to Riskp. 218
Sociological Versus Metascientific Views of Risk Assessmentp. 249
Contributorsp. 281
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195089295
ISBN-10: 0195089294
Series: Environmental Ethics & Science Policy
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 304
Published: 17th February 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.42 x 15.6  x 2.34
Weight (kg): 0.46