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Academic Literacy and the Nature of Expertise: Reading, Writing, and Knowing in Academic Philosophy :  Reading, Writing, and Knowing in Academic Philosophy - Cheryl Geisler

Academic Literacy and the Nature of Expertise: Reading, Writing, and Knowing in Academic Philosophy

Reading, Writing, and Knowing in Academic Philosophy

Paperback Published: June 1994
ISBN: 9780805810684
Number Of Pages: 376

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The first full-length account integrating both the cognitive and sociological aspects of reading and writing in the academy, this unique volume covers educational research on reading and writing, rhetorical research on writing in the disciplines, cognitive research on expertise in ill-defined problems, and sociological and historical research on the professions.
The author produced this volume as a result of a research program aimed at understanding the relationship between two concepts -- literacy and expertise -- which traditionally have been treated as quite separate phenomena. A burgeoning literature on reading and writing in the academy has begun to indicate fairly consistent patterns in how students acquire literacy practices. This literature shows, furthermore, that what students do is quite distinct from what experts do. While many have used these results as a starting point for teaching students "how to be expert," the author has chosen instead to ask about the interrelationship between expert and novice practice, seeing them both as two sides of the same project: a cultural-historical "professionalization project" aimed at establishing and preserving the professional privilege.
The consequences of this "professionalization project" are examined using the discipline of academic philosophy as the "site" for the author's investigations. Methodologically unique, these investigations combine rhetorical analysis, protocol analysis, and the analysis of classroom discourse. The result is a complex portrait of how the participants in this humanistic discipline use their academic literacy practices to construct and reconstruct a great divide between expert and lay knowledge.This monograph thus extends our current understanding of the rhetoric of the professions and examines its implications for education.

Preface
Literacy Among Experts in the Academy: The Academic Professionsp. 3
Literacy Among Novices in the Academy: Students in Schoolp. 28
Expertise as Cognitive Abstractionp. 53
Expertise as Professionalized Knowledgep. 67
Literacy and the Nature of Expertisep. 81
Observing Writers with Protocol Datap. 99
Modeling Writing as Activityp. 112
Design and Analytic Framework for These Studiesp. 127
The Genre of the Philosophic Essay: Transforming Readers' Experiencep. 140
Composing the Philosophic Essay: Transforming Everyday Conversationp. 168
Representing Philosophical Ethics: Transforming Everyday Narrativep. 185
At the Boundaries of Expertise: Transforming Apprenticeship in an Instructional Situationp. 210
Reflecting on Academic Literacyp. 235
Reforming Academic Literacyp. 250
Appendix A. Chronological Bibliography of the Cognitive Process Traditionp. 256
Appendix B. Directions for "Thinking-Aloud" Protocolsp. 260
Appendix C. Interview Guide for Experts and Novicesp. 262
Appendix D. Interview Guide for the Teacherp. 263
Appendix E. Interview Guide for the Studentsp. 264
Appendix F. The Career of William Jamesp. 266
Appendix G. Participants' Final Textsp. 271
Appendix H. Rules for the Analysis of Text Structurep. 295
Appendix I. Chronological Listing of Participants' Narrativesp. 296
Appendix J. Rules for Aggregating Conversational Interchangesp. 314
Appendix K. Coding the World of Discoursep. 316
Appendix L. Week-by-Week Analysis of the Classp. 318
Referencesp. 327
Author Indexp. 343
Subject Indexp. 349
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780805810684
ISBN-10: 0805810684
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 376
Published: June 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 14.99  x 2.29
Weight (kg): 0.52
Edition Number: 1