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Absolutism and the Eighteenth-Century Origins of Compulsory Schooling in Prussia and Austria - Professor James van Horn Melton

Absolutism and the Eighteenth-Century Origins of Compulsory Schooling in Prussia and Austria

Hardcover Published: 25th January 2013
ISBN: 9780521346689
Number Of Pages: 288

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Compulsory schooling is widely held to be a creation of modern industrial society. Yet already in the eighteenth century, Prussian and Austrian rulers attempted to introduce universal education in societies that were overwhelmingly rural and 'premodern'. Focusing on the reigns of Frederick the Great of Prussia (1740-86) and Maria Theresa of Austria (1740-80), this book examines the origins, aims, and achievements of the compulsory school movements in those states. It draws on a broad range of sources in showing how school reform was part of a broader campaign to strengthen relationships of authority and dependence. Local resistance as well as the contradictory aims of absolutist rule severely limited the success of school reform. But in their effort to promote literate culture on an unprecedented scale, reformers established pedagogical institutions and practices that would decisively shape public education not only in Central Europe, but throughout the West.

"James Van Horn Melton has produced an important work on the educational policies of the absolute state and the social purposes behind them." The Eighteenth Century

List of tables
List of abbreviations
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Administrative divisions of the Habsburg and Hohenzolln monarchies, 1780
Cultural and Religious Forces
Popular schooling in early modern Prussia and Austria
The rise of Pietist pedagogy
From image to word: cultural reform and the rise of literate culture in Theresian Austria
The catholic appropriation of Pietist pedagogy: Johann Ignaz Felbiger
Social and Economic Forces
Mastering the masterless: cameralism, rural industry, and popular education
From compulsory labor to compulsory schooling: education and the crisis of seigniorial authority
The Limits of Reform
School reform in Frederickian Prussia
The Theresian school reform of 1774
Conclusion
Selected bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521346689
ISBN-10: 0521346681
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 25th January 2013
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.1
Weight (kg): 0.59