Was Jesus the founder of Christianity or a teacher of Judaism? When he argued the latter based on the New Testament, Abraham Geiger ignited an intense debate that began in nineteenth-century Germany but continues to this day.
Geiger, a pioneer of Reform Judaism and a founder of Jewish studies, developed a Jewish version of Christian origins. He contended that Jesus was a member of the Pharisees, a progressive and liberalizing group within first-century Judaism, and that he taught nothing new or original. This argument enraged German Protestant theologians, some of whom produced a tragic counterargument based on racial theory.
In this fascinating book, Susannah Heschel traces the genesis of Geiger's argument and examines the reaction to it within Christian theology. She concludes that Geiger initiated an intellectual revolt by the colonized against the colonizer, an attempt not to assimilate into Christianity by adopting Jesus as a Jew, but to overthrow Christian intellectual hegemony by claiming that Christianity--and all of Western civilization--was the product of Judaism.
|Introduction: Reversing the Gaze|
|The Creation of a Historical Theologian|
|Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Prelude of Revisionist Configurations|
|Reconceiving Early Judaism|
|D. F. Strauss|
|The Jewish Jesus and the Protestant Flight from the Historical Jesus|
|From Jesus to Christianity: Geiger on the Postapostolic Era|
|Fixing the Theological Gaze: The Reception of Geiger's Work|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: Chicago Studies in the History of Judaism
Number Of Pages: 332
Published: 1st January 1998
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 15.5 x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.47
Edition Number: 2