Professors Merrill and Grofman develop a unified model that incorporates voter motivations and assesses its empirical predictions--for both voter choice and candidate strategy--in the United States, Norway, and France. The analyses show that a combination of proximity, direction, discounting, and party ID are compatible with the mildly but not extremely divergent policies that are characteristic of many two-party and multiparty electorates. All of these motivations are necessary to understand the linkage between candidate issue positions and voter preferences.
'... the most significant contribution of this book is that it successfully derives explanations for macroscopic phenomenon, such as the nature of party system and government alternations, based on the proximity, directional and mixed models of micro-level voting behaviour.' Japanese Journal of Political Science