As a result of human activities, many organisms on Earth face serious and worsening threats to their continued existence. This is usually regarded as a matter of concern because maintaining a healthy non-human environment affects the well-being of humans. A Theory of Ecological Justice adopts a very different approach, defending in detail the claim that all organisms, sentient and non-sentient, have a claim in justice to a fair share of the planet's environmental resources.
Baxter puts forward a detailed argument for accepting that all organisms count, morally-speaking, and not simply those which are sentient, or those which human beings like or find useful. He explores the nature of justice claims as applied to organisms of various degrees of complexity and connects the concept of ecological justice to standard liberal theories of justice, such as those found in the work of Rawls and Barry. Finally, he explores the possibilities for achieving ecological justice within current national and international institutional arrangements for biodiversity protection. He also seeks to vindicate a universalist approach to moral thinking against those, postmodernists and others, who favor a contextualist view.
This book makes a thoroughly developed, ground-breaking case for ecological justice. It is an essential read for everyone interested in environmental politics and ethics.
'This book by Brian Baxter is an impressive work of scholarship ... It will remain a fixture in environmental studies for many years to come'.
Eric Laferriere, Environmental Politics, Vol 14, No 4.
|The concept of ecological justice|
|How to Think about Moral Issues: Universalist Versus Contextualist Approaches|
|The case for social constructivism considered|
|Contextualist rather than universalist and rationalist morality?|
|The Case for the Moral Considerability of all Organisms|
|The restriction of moral status to sentient organisms 5. The moral status of non-sentient|
|The Case for Ecological Justice|
|The concept of ecological justice - objections and replies|
|Liberal theories of justice and the non-human|
|Ecological justice and justice as impartiality|
|Ecological justice and the non-sentient|
|Ecological justice and the sentient|
|Institutional Arrangements for Ecological Justice|
|Institutional arrangements within states|
|Institutional arrangements at the global level|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: Routledge Research in Environmental Politics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 23rd September 2004
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.28 x 16.76 x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.44
Edition Number: 1