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A Shared World : Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean - Molly Greene

A Shared World

Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean


Published: 31st March 2002
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Here Molly Greene moves beyond the hostile "Christian" versus "Muslim" divide that has colored many historical interpretations of the early modern Mediterranean, and reveals a society with a far richer set of cultural and social dynamics. She focuses on Crete, which the Ottoman Empire wrested from Venetian control in 1669. Historians of Europe have traditionally viewed the victory as a watershed, the final step in the Muslim conquest of the eastern Mediterranean and the obliteration of Crete's thriving Latin-based culture. But to what extent did the conquest actually change life on Crete? Greene brings a new perspective to bear on this episode, and on the eastern Mediterranean in general. She argues that no sharp divide separated the Venetian and Ottoman eras because the Cretans were already part of a world where Latin Christians, Muslims, and Eastern Orthodox Christians had been intermingling for several centuries, particularly in the area of commerce.

Greene also notes that the Ottoman conquest of Crete represented not only the extension of Muslim rule to an island that once belonged to a Christian power, but also the strengthening of Eastern Orthodoxy at the expense of Latin Christianity, and ultimately the Orthodox reconquest of the eastern Mediterranean. Greene concludes that despite their religious differences, both the Venetian Republic and the Ottoman Empire represented the ancien regime in the Mediterranean, which accounts for numerous similarities between Venetian and Ottoman Crete. The true push for change in the region would come later from Northern Europe.

"A much needed reinterpretation of a remarkable period in Crete's history."--Vernon Egger, History "This book ... is one of big ideas... The reader is left feeling that Greene not only proposes bold ideas, but undergirds them with serious, and carefully interpreted, primary research."--K.E. Fleming, American Historical Review

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Note on Transliterationp. xiii
Introductionp. 3
The Last Conquestp. 13
A Difficult Islandp. 45
Ottoman Candiap. 78
Between Wine and Olive Oilp. 110
Merchants of Candiap. 141
The Slow Death of the Ancicn Regimep. 174
Condusionp. 206
Bibliographyp. 211
Indexp. 223
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691095424
ISBN-10: 0691095426
Series: Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 248
Published: 31st March 2002
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.6 x 15.7  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 0.39