The Orient Line's beginnings can be traced back to 1797. Created for the purpose of operating a fleet of steamships between London and the Australian Colonies, it was a venture into the unknown, its success testament to the acumen of its founders, two of London's oldest shipping firms, Anderson, Anderson & Co., and F. Green & Co.
They had extensive shipping interests from the West Indies to South America and the Pacific Coast and owned and operated a fleet of famous clipper ships on the Australian wool trade, when their fleet would bring out emigrants to the colony and sail back laden with prime fleece. Cruise ships today owe a great legacy to the pioneering work done by the Orient Line when it developed and perfected seasonal cruising in 1889 from British ports.
About the Authors
Chris Frame and Rachelle Cross are the coauthors of 175 Years of Cunard and The Evolution of the Transatlantic Liner. Robert Henderson and Doug Cremer are the coauthors of A Photographic History of P&O Cruises.