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A People Apart : A Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789-1939 - David Vital

A People Apart

A Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789-1939

Paperback Published: 1st August 2001
ISBN: 9780199246816
Number Of Pages: 962

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The twentieth century has seen both the greatest triumph of Jewish history and its greatest tragedy: the birth of the nation of Israel, and the state-sponsored genocide of the Holocaust. A People Apart is the first study to examine the role played by the Jews themselves, across the whole of Europe, during the century and a half leading up to these events. David Vital explores the Jews' troubled relationship with Europe, documenting the struggles of this 'nation without a territory' to establish a place for itself within an increasingly polarized and nationalist continent. He examines the clash within the Jewish community between politically neutral traditionalists and a new group of activists, whose unprecedented demands for national and political self-determination were stimulated both by increasing civil emancipation and the mounting effort to drive the Jews out of Europe altogether. Controversially, Professor Vital concludes that the history of the Jewish people was indeed in crucial respects although certainly not all of their own making; at times by their own autonomous action and choice; at others by inaction and default. This powerful and stimulating new analysis represents a watershed in our understanding of the history of the Jews in Europe, and therefore in the whole history of the continent.

'I confidently predict that it will become a historical classic' Daniel Johnson, Daily Telegraph 'Here, ast last, is a one-volume history of the Jews in modern Europe that is up to date, comprehensive and challenging.' David Cesarani, THES 'a work as impressive in its scope and as awesome in its command of sources as it is perceptive in its depth of analysis...an admirable introduction to its subject matter, and it will surely earn its place as a text of first resort.' Geoffrey Alderman, Jewish Chronicle

List of Mapsp. xiv
List of Tablesp. xv
A note on Transliteration and Translationp. xvi
Abbreviationsp. xvii
Introduction: The Old Dispensationp. 1
The old regimep. 1
Two levels of authority, two yokes to bearp. 4
Social control: the modalitiesp. 9
The gevirp. 12
Self-help and self-governancep. 17
Consensus and conformismp. 24
Integration and Fragmentationp. 27
Proposalsp. 31
Under the Enlightenment--'useful' Jews and 'useless' Jewsp. 31
In England--incrementalismp. 37
In France--principlesp. 42
In the Germanies--impenetrable hostility and legal rigourp. 63
In Poland--deadlockp. 69
In Russia--despotism for all ...p. 80
... but the Jews as an encumbrance to be dealt withp. 89
Disjunctionsp. 99
Emancipation: the early responsesp. 99
The fears of the orthodoxp. 103
The enthusiasm of the modernistsp. 121
The cultural inroadsp. 130
The haskalah as a halfway housep. 136
Modern education--the Russian carrotp. 146
Military conscription--the Russian lashp. 156
The irreversibility of fragmentationp. 163
Questions From Without And Withinp. 166
The Jewish Question posedp. 166
The Question formulatedp. 183
The Jews re-characterizedp. 185
The Jews re-demonizedp. 189
Calls for treatmentp. 198
The Decembrists (along with other Russians) try their handp. 205
Internal politics: the beginningsp. 211
Triumph at Damascus ...p. 232
... and its limitationsp. 244
Jews in general politics and in society at large: the German modelp. 248
Aspirations and Equivocationsp. 279
Movementp. 283
Pogromsp. 283
Povertyp. 291
Migrationp. 297
Declinep. 310
West versus Eastp. 317
Eastern European Jewry as the questionp. 334
Auto-Emancipation?p. 346
Leaderlessness as a conditionp. 346
National self-determination as an idea; Zion as a destinationp. 366
Jews as revolutionariesp. 400
The Bundp. 415
Herzlp. 437
Crystallizationp. 476
Intercession institutionalizedp. 476
1878--triumph in Berlin, failure in Bucharestp. 487
The limits of intercessionp. 508
Kishinev as a paradigmp. 509
Impotence, shame, and furyp. 515
Violence and counter-violencep. 528
The blood-libel and the rule of lawp. 535
Bernard Lazare and the Affairp. 540
Russia in 1905--Jews as targets, Jews as participantsp. 566
The Zionists stand stillp. 593
The orthodox circle their wagonsp. 616
New Dispensationsp. 641
Warp. 647
The Jewish contingentsp. 647
The Jewish incrementp. 651
The 'Palestine Idea'p. 664
A neutral Zionism, belligerent Zionistsp. 675
The 'Palestine Idea' revivedp. 687
Self-determinationp. 692
Peacep. 703
Bolshevik Russia and the binding of its Jewsp. 703
The great slaughterp. 715
Who speaks for the Jews?p. 728
At the Peace Conferencep. 739
Captivityp. 755
Wilson's worldp. 755
The nation-state as grindstonep. 761
Ancient frictions in the new Polandp. 774
Polish equivocation; Jewish ambivalencep. 798
Germany takes the leadp. 800
Machtergreifungp. 804
Towards extrusionp. 809
The Jews of Germany crushedp. 823
A community destroyedp. 829
Denouementp. 837
On the evep. 837
Once again: who will lead them, where will they be led?p. 841
A World Jewish Congressp. 849
Loyalties and principlesp. 856
The purposes of Zionism, the needs of the Jewsp. 867
Pragmatism and honourp. 875
The final rejectionp. 881
Into the nightp. 890
Epiloguep. 897
Bibliographyp. 899
Glossaryp. 918
Indexp. 921
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780199246816
ISBN-10: 0199246815
Series: Oxford History of Modern Europe
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 962
Published: 1st August 2001
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 13.8  x 4.5
Weight (kg): 1.01