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A Manual of Practical Laboratory and Field Techniques in Palaeobiology - O.R. Green

A Manual of Practical Laboratory and Field Techniques in Palaeobiology

Hardcover

Published: 30th April 2001
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The user This manual is designed for the use of geo-scientists with an interest and need in developing palaeobiological materials as a potential source of data. To meet this objective practical procedures have been formatted for use by both professional and semiĀ­ professional students with an initial understanding of palaeo biological research aims as a primary source of scientific data. I have attempted to provide an explanation and understanding of practical procedures which may be required by students undertaking palaeobiological projects as part of a degree course. The layout of this manual should be particularly beneficial in the instruction and training of geotechnologists and museum preparators. Graduate students and scientists requiring an outline of a preparation procedure will also be able to use the manual as a reference from which to assess the suitability of a procedure. This manual is also intended for use by the "committed amateur". Many of the techniques described in this manual have been devised by non-palaeontologists, and developed from methods used in archaeology, zoology and botany, as well as other areas of geology. A considerable number of the methods can be undertaken by the amateur, and in the case of many of the field procedures, should be used. This will ensure that specimens and samples can be conserved in such a manner as to facilitate any later research, and not invalidate the results of subsequent geochemical analytical techniques which might be employed.

`This book is very well organized and information is easy to find. [...]many of the techniques will be of use to Holocene workers[...] but all geological departments that undertake research should have a copy for reference. This book will be an invaluable guide to geologists from undergraduate level upwards.[..]But always one must return to the sheer magnitude of the data contained within the 538 pages of this excellent book. It is not just a field techniques and paleobiology laboratory manual, but instead represents a most impressive gathering together of almost everything a successful practical paleobiologist needs to be effective. [...]This manual has managed to fill a gap in the market, which has existed for several years. In the last few decades developments in paleobiological field and laboratory techniques have generally been published as booklets or papers. Green has successfully brought these together here, to produce what will be valued by many as a standard reference on the subject. ' Caroline Buttler, National Museums and Galleries of Wales in Holocene

Acknowledgementsp. vii
Forewordp. ix
Introduction
Palaeontological Techniques - an introduction to practical proceduresp. 2
Documentation in the Laboratoryp. 12
Field Techniques
Field collecting proceduresp. 20
Collecting techniques for microfossil and live foraminiferap. 27
Consolidation, stabilization and replication techniquesp. 43
Field staining techniques for determining calcite, dolomite and phosphatep. 55
Field documentation, sample packing and transportationp. 59
Laboratory Techniques
Introduction
Laboratory design and layoutp. 64
Safety in the laboratoryp. 68
Preservation, consolidation and repair of unstable specimensp. 82
Preparation of recent material for comparative studiesp. 98
Physical Procedures
Mechanical methods for preparing fossil specimensp. 110
Fossil extraction techniques by thermal disintegrationp. 120
Disaggregation and dispersal of partially consolidated and unconsolidated sedimentsp. 127
Microfossil sample contamination and reliability problemsp. 138
Washing and sieving techniques used in micropalaeontologyp. 146
Centrifuge techniques used in micropalaeontologyp. 154
Mechanical separation of microfossil residuesp. 160
Flotation and liquid separation techniquesp. 168
Thin section and slide preparation techniques of macro and microfossil specimensp. 182
Staining techniques used in micropalaeontologyp. 211
Preparation of carbonate stained acetate peels and thin sectionsp. 219
Preparation of amber specimens containing fossilsp. 234
Preparation and conservation of vertebrate fossilsp. 242
Chemical Procedures
Extraction techniques for palaeobotanical and palynological materialp. 256
Extraction techniques for acid insoluble microfossilsp. 288
Extraction techniques for phosphatic fossilsp. 318
Extraction techniques for uncrushed graptolitesp. 331
Extraction techniques for calcareous microfossils from argillaceous sedimentsp. 334
Extraction techniques for calcareous microfossils from carbonate sedimentsp. 342
Extraction techniques for agglutinated foraminifera from calcareous sedimentsp. 350
Specialist techniques used in the preparation of individual microfossil specimensp. 355
Extraction techniques for calcareous nannofossilsp. 366
Analytical Procedures
Electron microscopy techniquesp. 376
X-radiography techniquesp. 391
Exhibition of Fossil Material
Fossil replication techniquesp. 400
Photomacrography and photomicrography techniquesp. 418
Illustrating and exhibiting for display and publicationp. 441
Referencesp. 450
Appendix
Equipment and chemical suppliersp. 490
Describing sedimentary rocks and fossilsp. 498
Centrifuge times for bromoform separation and water/acetone residue washingp. 503
Hazard symbolsp. 506
Respirator and filter cartridge colour codingp. 507
Fire extinguisher classificationp. 507
Laboratory glove resistance propertiesp. 508
Care and handling of hydrofluoric acidp. 511
Spillage and disposal of unwanted chemicalsp. 514
Conversion datap. 515
Temperature
Weight
Volume
Length
Formulae for the preparation of standard solutionsp. 516
Weight % (w/w)
Volume % (v/v)
Weight/Volume % (w/v)
Mole Fraction
Standard solutions
Indexsp. 517
Author Indexp. 517
Subject Indexp. 528
Chemical Indexp. 534
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780412589805
ISBN-10: 041258980X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 538
Published: 30th April 2001
Publisher: Chapman and Hall
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 1.02