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A House Divided : The Antebellum Slavery Debates in America, 1776-1865 - Mason I. Lowance

A House Divided

The Antebellum Slavery Debates in America, 1776-1865

By: Mason I. Lowance (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 26th January 2003
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This anthology brings together under one cover the most important abolitionist and--unique to this volume--proslavery documents written in the United States between the American Revolution and the Civil War. It makes accessible to students, scholars, and general readers the breadth of the slavery debate. Including many previously inaccessible documents, "A House Divided" is a critical and welcome contribution to a literature that includes only a few volumes of antislavery writings and no volumes of proslavery documents in print.

Mason Lowance's introduction is an excellent overview of the antebellum slavery debate and its key issues and participants. Lowance also introduces each selection, locating it historically, culturally, and thematically as well as linking it to other writings. The documents represent the full scope of the varied debates over slavery. They include examples of race theory, Bible-based arguments for and against slavery, constitutional analyses, writings by former slaves and women's rights activists, economic defenses and critiques of slavery, and writings on slavery by such major writers as William Lloyd Garrison, John Greenleaf Whittier, Walt Whitman, Henry David Thoreau, and Ralph Waldo Emerson. Together they give readers a real sense of the complexity and heat of the vexed conversation that increasingly dominated American discourse as the country moved from early nationhood into its greatest trial.

"The anthology makes available a large body of primary documents, many of them hitherto rare or inaccessible. The texts are expertly chosen and excerpted. Of remarkable variety and scope, they investigate slavery from all angles--pro and con, religious and secular, male and female, scientific and exhortatory, and so on. Their publication is timely and most welcome. The volume also provides an illuminating, superbly comprehensive, insightful, and concise history of the slavery debate."--David S. Reynolds, City University of New York

List of Illustrationsp. xiii
Prologuep. xv
Prefacep. xxi
Introductionp. xxvii
Notes on Contributorsp. lxi
Suggestions for Further Readingp. lxiii
The Historical Background for the Antebellum Slavery Debates, 1776-1865p. 1
Stroud's Compendium of the Laws of Slaveryp. 5
Population Statistics from the U.S. Census for 1790-1860p. 6
Summary from The Atlantic Slave Trade Projectp. 7
The European Origins of American Slaveryp. 7
Samuel Sewall (1632-1730) and John Saffin (1632-1710)p. 10
The Selling of Joseph: A Memorialp. 12
A Brief, Candid Answer to a Late Printed Sheet, Entitled, The Selling of Josephp. 14
John Woolman (1720-1772)p. 15
Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroesp. 16
Acts of Congress Relating to Slaveryp. 20
The Declaration of Independencep. 21
The Ordinance of 1787p. 23
The Fugitive Slave Law of 1793p. 23
The Missouri Compromise of 1820p. 25
The Wilmot Proviso, 1847p. 25
The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850p. 26
The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitutionp. 30
Slavery and the 1787 Constitutionp. 31
Frederick Douglass (c. 1818-1895)p. 33
What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?p. 38
Justice Joseph Story (1779-1845)p. 43
A Charge Delivered to the Grand Jury of the Circuit Court of the United Statesp. 45
Biblical Proslavery Argumentsp. 51
Thornton stringfellow (1788-1869)p. 61
A Brief Examination of the Scripture Testimony on the Institution of Slaveryp. 63
Slavery, Its Origin, Nature, and History Considered in the Light of Bible Teachings, Moral Justice, and Political Wisdomp. 67
Alexander Mccaine (1768-1856)p. 81
Slavery Defended from Scripture against the Attacks of the Abolitionistsp. 82
Biblical Antislavery Argumentsp. 88
Theodore Dwight Weld (1803-1895)p. 91
The Bible against Slaveryp. 92
James Freeman Clarke (1810-1888)p. 97
Slavery in the United Statesp. 99
Alexander Mcleod (1774-1833)p. 104
Negro Slavery Unjustifiablep. 104
Robert Dale Owen (1801-1877)p. 112
The Wrong of Slavery, the Right of Emancipation and the Future of the African Race in the United Statesp. 113
The Economic Arguments Concerning Slaveryp. 116
Edmund Ruffin (1794-1865)p. 121
The Political Economy of Slavery; or, The Institution Considered in Regard to Its Influence on Public Wealth and the General Welfarep. 123
George Fitzhugh (1806-1881)p. 126
George Fitzhugh and the Economic Analysis of Slaveryp. 128
Sociology for the South; or, the Failure of Free Societyp. 132
Cannibals All! or, Slaves without Mastersp. 136
David Christy (1802-N.D.) and E. N. Elliott (N.D.)p. 141
Introduction to Cotton Is King, and Proslavery Argumentsp. 142
Cotton Is Kingp. 143
Hinton Rowan Helper (1829-1909)p. 146
The Impending Crisis of the South and How to Meet Itp. 148
Impending Crisis Dissectedp. 152
Writers and Essayists in Conflict over Slaveryp. 156
Color, Caste, Denominationp. 162
Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784), "On Being Brought from Africa to America"p. 162
John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892)p. 164
The Slave Shipsp. 165
Massachusetts to Virginiap. 169
Our Political Responsibilityp. 171
Justice and Expediency; or, Slavery Considered with a View to Its Rightful and Effectual Remedy, Abolitionp. 173
James Kirke Paulding (1778-1860)p. 177
Slavery in the United Statesp. 179
James Russell Lowell (1819-1891)p. 186
The Abolitionists and Emancipationp. 189
Politics and the Pulpitp. 190
The Church and the Clergyp. 191
The Church and the Clergy Againp. 192
The Moral Argument against Slaveryp. 192
Daniel Websterp. 193
Walt Whitman (1819-1892)p. 195
Slavery and the Slave Tradep. 196
New States: Shall They Be Slave or Free?p. 198
American Workingmen, Versus Slaveryp. 199
Prohibition of Colored Personsp. 201
The House of Friendsp. 202
Emerson, Thoreau, and Antislaveryp. 203
Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)p. 215
Slavery in Massachusettsp. 217
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)p. 225
Lecture on Slaveryp. 227
Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) and mary Eastman (1818-1880)p. 234
Uncle Tom's Cabinp. 239
Black Stereotypes in Uncle Tom's Cabinp. 241
Aunt Phillis's Cabin; or, Southern Life As It Isp. 244
Science in Antebellum Americap. 249
Notes on Stephen Jay Gould's Critique of George Morton's Race Theoriesp. 266
White Supremacy and Negro Subordinationp. 268
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)p. 268
Notes on the State of Virginiap. 270
Henri Gregoire (1750-1831)p. 273
On the Cultural Achievements of Negroesp. 273
The Claims of the Negro Ethnologically Consideredp. 279
O. S. Fowler (1809-1887)p. 283
O. S. Fowler and Hereditary Descentp. 284
Hereditary Descentp. 291
Ethnologyp. 297
Theodore Parker (1810-1860) vs. John S. Rock (1825-1866) on the Anglo-Saxon and the Africanp. 299
Some Thoughts on the Progress of America, and the Influence of Her Diverse Institutionsp. 302
The Present Aspect of Slavery in Americap. 304
Speech to the Boston Massacre Commemorative Festivalp. 305
Remarks to the Boston Massacre Commemorative Festivalp. 308
Josian Nott and the American School of Ethnologyp. 310
Josiah Clark Nott (1804-1873)p. 311
Types of Mankind; or, Ethnological Researches Based upon the Ancient Monuments, Paintings, Sculptures, and Crania of Races and upon Their Natural Geographical, Philological, and Biblical Historyp. 314
Indigenous Races of the Earth; or, New Chapters of Ethnological Inquiryp. 317
The Negro Race: Its Ethnology and Historyp. 320
The Abolitionist Crusadep. 327
William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolitionist Crusadep. 327
William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879)p. 335
An Address to the American Colonization Society, July 4, 1829p. 338
Truismsp. 343
The Constitution and the Unionp. 345
American Colorphobiap. 346
Speech to the Fourth Annual National Woman's Rights Conventionp. 347
Editorial, The Liberatorp. 348
No Compromise with Slaveryp. 349
David Walker (1785-1830)p. 352
Appealp. 356
Lydia Maria Child (1802-1880)p. 363
An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africansp. 368
William Ellery Channing (1780-1842)p. 379
Slaveryp. 380
James Mccune Smith (1813-1865)p. 391
The Destiny of a People of Colorp. 392
Angelina Emily Grimke (1805-1879) and Sarah Moore Grimke (1792-1873)p. 395
An Appeal to the Christian Women of the Southp. 397
An Epistle to the Clergy of the Southern Statesp. 401
Catharine E. Beecher (1804-1878)p. 404
An Essay on Slavery and Abolitionism, with Reference to the Duty of American Femalesp. 405
Letters to Catharine E. Beecher, in Reply to an Essay on Slavery and Abolitionismp. 415
American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnessesp. 417
Cat-hawlingp. 420
Gerrit Smith (1797-1874), Arthur Tappan (1786-1865), and Lewis Tappan (1788-1873)p. 420
The New York Abolitionistsp. 422
Speech in the Meeting of the New-York Anti-Slavery Society, Held in Peterboro, October 22, 1835p. 430
Letter to Rev. James Smylie, of the State of Mississippi, 1837p. 434
Address of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Societyp. 435
Speech on the Nebraska Bill, April 6, 1854p. 437
Wendell Phillips (1811-1884)p. 441
The Constitution, a Pro-Slavery Compactp. 443
Lysander Spooner (1808-1887)p. 446
The Unconstitutionality of Slaveryp. 447
Horace Mann (1796-1859)p. 449
Speech Delivered in the U.S. House of Representatives on the Subject of Slavery in the Territories, and the Consequences of Dissolution of the Unionp. 451
Alexander Crummell (1819-1898)p. 455
An Address to the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Societyp. 457
Roger Brooke Taney (1777-1864)p. 458
Opinion of the Court in Dred Scott, Plaintiff in Error, v John F. A. Sandfordp. 459
Horace Bushnell (1802-1876)p. 462
A Discourse on the Slavery Question, Delivered in the North Church, Hartfordp. 464
Charles Sumner (1811-1874)p. 467
The Barbarism of Slaveryp. 468
Concluding Remarks and Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859)p. 474
Democracy in Americap. 478
Indexp. 485
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691002286
ISBN-10: 0691002282
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 568
Published: 26th January 2003
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.67 x 15.65  x 3.12
Weight (kg): 0.82