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A History of the Mind : Evolution and the Birth of Consciousness - Nicholas Humphrey

A History of the Mind

Evolution and the Birth of Consciousness

Paperback Published: 18th June 1999
ISBN: 9780387987194
Number Of Pages: 238

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This book is a tour-de-force on how human consciousness may have evolved. From the "phantom pain" experienced by people who have lost their limbs to the uncanny faculty of "blindsight," Humphrey argues that raw sensations are central to all conscious states and that consciousness must have evolved, just like all other mental faculties, over time from our ancestors'bodily responses to pain and pleasure.
"Humphrey is one of that growing band of scientists who beat literary folk at their own game"-RICHARD DAWKINS
"A wonderful bookbrilliant, unsettling, and beautifully written. Humphrey cuts bravely through the currents of contemporary thinking, opening up new vistas on old problems offering a feast of provocative ideas." -DANIEL DENNETT

Industry Reviews

Actually, not a history of the mind, but a theory of consciousness - and an amazingly parsimonious theory at that. Consciousness, contends experimental psychologist Humphrey, is nothing but the having of sensations - sensations that have become internalized and are the origin of "actions" that transform the universe. Looking at the setting sun over Cambridge (England), Humphrey says, "I am representing the light arriving at my retina aa a circular patch of redness happening to me and aa a fiery orb existing in the galaxy." All the while he is living in a continuous present, a persistence of time accompanied by reverberating cerebral "sentiments." To arrive at this theory, Humphrey begins with the hypothesis that sensation and perception are separate - that there are two independent channels in the brain rather than a serial order in which, for example, perception follows sensation. Humphrey's championing of the separatist approach involves a discourse on evolution aa well aa the elaboration of experiments in which blind subjects (i.e., devoid of visual sensations) learned visual perception by virtue of having a tiny TV camera image translated to vibrations on a patch of skin. All this is very interesting, and smartly, wittily told: Humphrey has a marvelous repertoire of quotes and anecdotes that make for pleasurable reading. But is the theory convincing? The reader armed with perceptual memory, the daydreamer, and the mind engaged in mentally providing a theorem are not living in a sensory mode engaged in contact with the world, but all enjoy some degree of consciousness. Moreover, what can be said of neuroscience, with its cells and circuitry? If there are dual circuits separating sensation from perception, let's see them. Only then, perhaps, could one argue that Humphrey has developed a new theory of perception - not a touchy-feely one - to explain consciousness. (Kirkus Reviews)

Acknowledgmentsp. 15
Read Mep. 17
Mind and Bodyp. 23
"Puzzling Work": An Aside About Languagep. 31
What Happened in History: the Inside Storyp. 37
The Double Province of the Sensesp. 45
"What do we See?"p. 52
Color is the Keyboardp. 58
In the Realm of the Sensesp. 61
Shuttle Visionp. 66
"It Must Look Queer!"p. 70
New Arrangementsp. 75
Mind-Blindness and Blind-Mindnessp. 82
More About Blindsightp. 88
A Fire in the Hand; A Dagger of the Mindp. 94
He Thought he Saw an Elephantp. 101
Here It Liesp. 115
Here What Lies? a Chapter About Definitionp. 117
Five Characteristics in Search of a Theoryp. 129
The Problem of Ownership (a Tack to Starboard)p. 142
The Question of Indexicals (a Tack to Port)p. 151
Plus Ca Change ...p. 157
A Little Mind Musicp. 161
Specific Nerve Energies?p. 166
Smoke Without Firep. 170
Time Presentp. 179
Hurrah!p. 191
Hurrah!--For the Old Waysp. 194
The Mind Made Fleshp. 202
Water and Winep. 217
Being and Nothingnessp. 226
Notesp. 229
Indexp. 235
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780387987194
ISBN-10: 0387987193
Series: Copernicus
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 238
Published: 18th June 1999
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.34 x 15.44  x 1.83
Weight (kg): 0.38