The present volume is an extension of the periodical Archaiologia kai Technes (Archaeology and Arts) 1997. The complete volume was first published in Greek in 2004 by the journal in association with Hermes publishing house, and now appears in an English translation. The subject of the special edition and of the present volume as follow-up is the 'city', as well as - more broadly - any type of settlement, regardless of size. The time-span covered commences with the first appearance of permanent settlements in Greece, during the Neolithic Age, that is from the early seventh millennium BC, and concludes with the metropolises and metropolitan areas of the country today. The geographical area covered encompasses Greece and the wider region of the Mediterranean and the Balkans to which Hellenic civilization spread at various times in its history. Contents: 1) The City, the Village and the Social Sciences (A.P. Lagopoulos); 2) The Prehistoric Settlement: Quantities and qualities (G.C. Chourmouziadis); 3) Historico-Geographical Views on the City and Urbanism from Prehistoric to Modern Times (M. Billinge); 4) The Neolithic Settlement: Space of production and ideology (K. Kotsakis); 5) Built Space and Neolithic Builders (G.C. Chourmouziadis); 6) Early Urbanization in Mainland Greece (D.N. Konsola); 7) Early Urbanization in the Aegean Islands (C.G. Doumas); 8) The Cities of Crete During the Minoan Age (C. Palyvou); 9) Representations of Cities in Aegean Art of the Second Millennium BC: Mute narratives of prehistory (C. Boulotis); 10) Habitation in the Mycenaean Period (S.E. Iakovidis); 11) The Settlements of the Dark Ages (N. Kourou); 12) City-Polis in the Late Geometric and the Archaic Period (A. Gounaris); 13) The City in the Greek Colonial World (G.R. Tsetskhladze); 14) Urban Planning in the Classical Period (W. Hoepfner); 15) The Hellenistic City (E.J. Owens); 16) The Religious and Political Symbolism of the City in Ancient Greece (A.P. Lagopoulos); 17) The Transformation of the Classical City in Greece during the Roman Age (C. Mantas); 18) The Transformation of the Hellenistic City in the Roman East (E.J. Owens); 19) Major Early Christian Ecclesiastical Centres in Macedonia (B. Aleksova); 20) The Early and Middle Byzantine City (N.K. Moutsopoulos); 21) The Late Byzantine City (T. Kiousopoulou); 22) The Religious Symbolism of the Byzantine City (A.P. Lagopoulos); 23) The Effects of the Turkish Conquest on the Cities of Asia Minor and the Balkans (N.K. Moutsopoulos); 24) Cities and Villages in the Early Ottoman Period (D.N. Karydis); 25) Greek Highland Refuges of Northern Greece in the Early Ottoman Period (N.K. Moutsopoulos); 26) The Rebirth of Settlements in Greece During the Late Ottoman Period (E.P. Dimitriadis) 27) The Greek City and Neoclassicism: Greek urban planning in the nineteenth century (P. Tsakopoulos); 28) The Greek City and Modernism: 1900-1940 (E.V. Marmaras); 29) Social and Urban Transformations Before and After the Asia Minor Catastrophe (V.D. Gizeli); 30. The Contemporary Greek City: Transformation trends in the spatial diffusion of urbanization (P.K. Loukakis).