Many texts on this subject are written from a pre-Confederation point of view that may be unsuitable for today's classroom. This text provides strong coverage of 20th-century Russia and the U.S.S.R. without sacrificing its coverage of earlier historical periods.
I. From Frontier to Tsardom: The Foundations of Russia, 750-1613 1. The Origin of Rus, 750-1000 The Natural Setting The Eastern Slavs The Khazar Qaganate The Rus The Kievan Monarchy 2. Kievan Rus: Structures and Events, 988-1240 An Expanding Economy Stratified Society Tributary Politics and Institutions A Political Chronicle, 1015-1240 The Outside World 3. Kievan Rus: Christian Civilization, 988-1240 Slavic Orthodoxy Conversion and Consolidation Intellectual Culture Image and Edifice 4. The First Mongol Century: Hardship and Adaptations, 1237-1341 Storm Out of the East, 1190-1242 Empire of the Steppe Rus and the New Order, 1237-1300 The Advent of Moscow, 1301-1341 Spiritual Survival 5. Shifting Fortunes, 1341-1456 The Fragmentation of Qipchak The Challenge of Lithuania The Ascent of Moscow The Apogee of Great Novgorod Spiritual Renewal The End of Byzantium 6. Russia's New Monarchy, 1456-1533 Foundations: Political and Economic Unification Dramas, 1463-1521 Instruments of Power Ideals in Conflict The Sovereign's Majesty 7. Ivan IV and the Birth Pangs of Tsardom, 1533-1584 Boyar Interlude, 1533-1547 Visions of Piety, 1542-1570 State Consolidation, 1547-1562 Eastward Ho!, 1545-1559 Livonian War, 1558-1583 Terror at Home, 1563-1576 The Final Years, 1576-1584 8. Boris Godunov and the Time of Troubles, 1584-1613 Social Fissures A New Strong Man, 1584-1605 The Troubles I: Impostors and Adventurers, 1605-1610 The Troubles I: National Revival, 1611-1613 II. The Growth of Empire: Russia Looks West, 1613-1796 9. Muscovy Expands, 1613-1676 Reconstruction Alexis Comes to Power, 1645 "All Great, Little and White Russia" People of All Ranks Rebellious Russia 10. Religion and Culture at the Crossroads, 1645-1689 Reforming the Church At the Tsar's Court Arts in Transition Russia and the West Fedor and Sophia 1676-1689 11. Peter the Great: From Tsar to Emperor, 1689-1725 A Portrait of Peter Russia at War, 1700-1721 Soldiers and Sailors of the Tsar Governing Russia Finances: "The Artery of War" 12. Peter the Great: Carving Out the New Russia 1703-1725 Peter's Paradise Teachers and Pupils The Service Church New Men and Women "Father of the Fatherland" 13. "Between Two Greats," 1725-1762 Who Rules Russia? Russia and the World Arts and Sciences Peter III and the Nobles 14. Catherine the Great: In Pursuit of Enlightenment and Empire, 1762-1796 A Portrait of Catherine Enlightened Absolutism Expanding the Empire Many Nations Policing the Provinces 15. Catherine the Great: The Golden Age of the Nobility 1776-1796 Freedom and Liberty Culture: Town and Country The French Madness Reconsidering Catherine III. Russia's European Century, 1796-1914 16. Russia in the Age of Napoleon: Paul I and Alexander I, 1796-1815 Europe in 1800: the Napoleonic Wars Palace and Parade Ground: Paul I, 1796-1801 Alexander Comes to Power: Peace and War, 1801-1807 Alliance with Napoleon and Speransky's Vision, 1807-1812 The Horned Beast: Invasion and Triumph, 1812-1815 17. The Age of Restoration: Russia in Europe, 1815-1830 The Congress of Vienna and the Holy Alliace, 1815 The Golden Age and Pushkin The Blessed Emperor, 1815-1825 Secret Societies and the December Uprising The Polish Uprising, 1830 18. Nicholas I: Monarchy, Society, Empire, 1825-1855 Nicholas Comes to Power, 1825-1830 Orthodoxy, Autocracy, Nationality Law and Administration, 1830-1840 The "Marvelous Decade" European Revolution and Ottoman War, 1848-1856 19. Russian Society and Daily Life in the Twilight of Serfdom, 1800-1861 On the Land: Nests of Gentry On the Land: Live Souls The Big City: Rich Folk, Poor Folk The Small Town: Provincial Russia 20. Around the Russian Empire, 1801-1861 European Borderlands In and Beyond the Caucasus The Steppes of Central Asia Siberia: the Wild East Frontiers of the Imagination 21. Alexander II and the Era of the Great Reforms, 1855-1870 Monarchy and Gentry After Crimea The Great Reforms: Emancipation Creating a New Society? The Zemstvo and Legal Reforms Life in the Reform Era Challenge from Poland: The 1863 Rebellion 22. The Turbulent Seventies After the Reforms, 1866-1881 Going to the People, 1873-1874 Cultural Life in the Capitals Pan-Slavism and the Balkans, 1870-1878 Terrorists and Revolutionaries Murder of an Emperor: 1881 23. Orthodoxy, Autocracy, Nationality Reaffirmed, 1881-1905 The European Empires Ruling Russia: Personalities Ruling Russia: Bureaucracy and Counterreform Church and State: A Conservative Symphony Administering Empire: Russifying the Borderlands From Berlin to Paris 24. Economic Structures and Visions, 1881-1905 The Drama of Industrialization Money and Markets The Agricultural Sector Other Visions: Marxists and Populists A Eurasian Power 25. Society, Culture, Politics, 1881-1905 Class, Status, Profession, Household The 1880s: Universities and Intellectual Life in a Positivist Age The 1890s: Postfamine Politics Orthodoxy and Religious Reform Movements of National Liberation 26. Cultural Explosion, 1900-1920 New Beginnings: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev Forerunners: Four Giants The Silver Age Art Goes to the People 27. Russia on the Barricades: The Revolution of 1904-1907 The Pale Horseman Political Parties and Movements War and Revolution I: From Liaodung to the Zemstvo Congress" War and Revolution II: The Bloody Year 1905 The Revolutionary Dumas 28. The "Duma Monarchy," 1907-1914 Government and Society: A New Dialouge? Reform from Above: Stolypin The New Political Culture: Press and Public Opinion Celebrating Russia: The Romanov Tercentenary On the Eve: War and Diplomacy in the Balkans IV. Russia's Turbulent Twentieth Century and After, Since 1914 29. Russia in World War I, 1914-1917 The Clash of Arms Tragedy Behind the Lines The War Business On the Home Front War and Peace Midnight of Empire, 1916-1917 30. The Revolutions of 1917 February: The Fall of the Monarchy Dual Powerlessness: Government and Soviets The Lid Comes Off: Spectacles of Freedom The Summer of 1917 October in Petrograd 31. Civil War: Reds, Whites, and Greens, 1917-1921 Soviet Russia Civil War, Front and Rear War Communism and Popular Anticommunism Retaking the Empire Bolshevism in Europe Looking Back 32. The Years of New Economic Policy: Politics, Society, and Culture, 1921-1928 The New Regime: Party and State The New Economic Policy: Socialism and Capitalism Society Turned Upside Down Culture and Revolution World Communism and World Relations Who Will Rule? 33. Revolution in the Life of Peoples, 1921-1928 USSR: A Multinational State Slavic Renaissance: Ukraine and Belorussia The Jews of Socialism Transcaucasia Red Flag over Oasis and Steppe Empire and Union 34. Stalinism Established, 1928-1939 Iron and Steel: Industrialization Tractors and Corpses: Collectivization Purge and Terror: The Road to Death State Machine and Political Culture 35. Stalinism: Life Under the System, 1928-1939 Cultural Revolution, 1928-1932 Socialist Realism and Mass Culture, 1932-1941 Citizens: From the Kremlin to the Gulag Nations of the Union Stalin's Parade 36. The Soviet Homeland Defended: World War II, 1939-1945 Facing Fascism, 1933-1939 Invasion and Occupation Front and Rear Turn of the Tide The Hidden Wars Holy War and Modern Memory 37. At the Dawn of the Cold War, 1945-1953 The Big Three: The Wartime Alliance, 1941-1945 Lowering the Iron Curtain The Cultural Pogrom Town and Country, Men and Women Postwar Blues: Malaise and Counterculture Exit Stalin 38. Khrushchev and the Decline of Stalinism, 1953-1964 Collective Leadership: Destalinization of the Deed Revelations and Echoes: Destalinization of the Word Reaching Out: Religion and Rocketry Imperial Arena: The Bloc Global Arena: Victories and Defeats The Plot That Worked 39. The Brezhnev Years: Order and Stability, 1964-1982 The Politics of Holding On Production and Consumption Technology and the Environment People: Progress and Passivity The Cultural Landscape 40. The Brezhnev Years: Change and Ferment, 1964-1982 Counterpolitics: The Dissidents Underlife: Internal Emigration The Other Half: Soviet Republics Empire: Cuba to High Asia The Old Men Depart, 1982-1985 41. The Gorbachev Revolution, 1985-1991 Perestroika: Controlled Reform Glasnost: The Raised Voice New Thinking and Global Detente Economic Woes Political Experiments "And Nations Waken in the Night?" From Putsch to Collapse, 1990-1991 42. The Parting of the Ways: After 1991 Boris Yeltsin: Bloodshed in Moscow and Chechnya Boris Yeltsin: Political and Economic Achievements Vladimir Putin Memories of Empire The Outer World Russia in a New Millennium 43. Another Russia: Emigration in the Twentieth Century Three Waves "Russia Abroad": Between Two Ward Displaced Persons: World War II The Third Wave and Beyond Interconnections and Dislocations: Emigre Thought and Culture Suggested Readings Rulers of Various Russian States Index