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A History of Modern India, 1480-1950 : Anthem South Asian Studies - Claude Markovits

A History of Modern India, 1480-1950

Anthem South Asian Studies

By: Claude Markovits (Editor)

Paperback Published: 24th September 2004
ISBN: 9781843311522
Number Of Pages: 607

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As well as analysing the major empires of modern India, from the Mughals to the Raj, A History of Modern India also considers the economic, social and intellectual dynamism that accompanied intervening periods of political fragmentation, such as the 80 years that separated the Mughal and the British regimes. The book explores the difficulties confronting the rise of Indian nationalism and the consequent confrontation between religious communities, delving into how a resolution that should have been the crowning victory of a pacifist anticolonial movement was instead resolved tragically with the violence of Partition in 1947.

"These companion volumes by teams of French scholars will challenge traditional history. The study on India extends through Nehru's 1950 political reconstruction; Pakistan is analyzed right down to Musharraf's post-911 problems. Startling theses abound: partition was inevitable; India's Muslims "never came to terms with the loss of political supremacy enjoyed from the 12th to the 18th centuries." The division of British India is explicable only through Muslim history: the "euphoria" of Muhammad bin Tughluq's 14th-century empire was short-lived, but the Lodi dynasty also witnessed an "age of splendor." Sher Shah perpetuated the "success of the Delhi sultanate"; the Moguls simply "remodeled and expanded" it. Akbar was "certainly not an anti-Islamic apostate" and was never perceived as such in the Islamic world. Jahangir was "habitually tolerant." Auranzeb's Manichean image needs radical correction; his "reaffirmation of orthodoxy merely reinstated the Islamic ideal of discrimination between Muslims and non-Muslims." In India, "the Middle Ages lasted until the dawn of the 19th century" when the British got the opportunity "to apply their favorite tactic of divide and rule." Indian legislative councils with their communal awards were "calculated retreats" designed to maintain British strategic and financial control. When Mahatma Gandhi "evoked the perspective of a Ramraj," he unwittingly aided the British and thoroughly alienated Muslims. Thus, where Muslims were a minority, as in the United Provinces--the heart of the old Mogul Empire--fear and pride incited them to seek (in vain) the security of a separate state. Where they were a majority, they got Pakistan--"no mere artificialconstruction." East Pakistan (Bangladesh) seceded in 1971, but there is now "not much risk that [formerly West] Pakistan will break apart." Valuable supplementary chapters on French India (Pondicherry/Chandernagore) and Sri Lanka and useful maps. Interesting reading for advanced scholars. Summing Up: Both, recommended. Graduate students and up. -- W. W. Reinhardt, Randolph-Macon College in CHOICE

List of maps
Contributors to this volume
Introduction
At the turn of the sixteenth century
A changing world
The Indian states: the sultanates
The Indian states: the kingdoms
The newcomers
The Mogul Empire (1556-1739)
Akbar and the construction of the empire (1556-1605)
Mogul splendour: The successors of Akbar (1605-1707)
The empire in its prosperity
Maritime economy and the trading companies
Society and culture
The disintegration of the Mogul Empire (1707-39)
India between two empires (1739-1818)
The successor states (1739-61)
French India and Franco-British rivalry (until 1761)
The British conquest of Bengal (1757-84)
The birth of the British Empire in India (1765-1818)
India in transition (from the end of the eighteenth century to the middle of the nineteenth century)
The beginnings of the Raj (1818-58)
The agrarian economy and rural society (1790-1860)
Merchants and cities (1760-1860)
Cultural and religious transformations (1780-1857)
From the British Indian Empire to Independence (1858-1950)
The Colonial state and Indian society (1858-1914)
The decline of the empire and the rise of nationalism (1914-42)
Princely India (1858-1950)
The world of the countryside (1860-1950)
Trade, industries, cities (1860-1950)
Socio-religious reforms and nationalism (1870-1948)
The end of the British Empire in India
On the margins of the Empire
French India (nineteenth-twentieth century)
Sri Lanka: specificities and similarities
Conclusion
Chronology
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781843311522
ISBN-10: 1843311526
Series: Anthem South Asian Studies
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 607
Published: 24th September 2004
Publisher: Anthem Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.5  x 3.45
Weight (kg): 0.45

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