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A History of Economic Theory : Classic Contributions, 1720-1980 - Jurg Niehans

A History of Economic Theory

Classic Contributions, 1720-1980

Paperback Published: 1st October 1994
ISBN: 9780801849763
Number Of Pages: 592
For Ages: 22+ years old

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A History of Economic Theory offers a comprehensive account of the builders and building blocks of modern mainstream economics. Jurg Niehans shows how the analytical tools used by economists have evolved from the eighteenth century to the present. Niehans first surveys the development of classical economics from the scholastic and mercantilist traditions to Marx. He then follows the progress of marginalist economics from Thunen to Fischer. In the book's final section, he describes economic theory in the model-building era from Pigou and Keynes to Rational Expectations.

Building his story around the economists themselves, Niehans presents a pantheon of economic theory. It includes the famous from Smith and Riccardo to Samuelson and Friedman, as well as detailed discussions of lesser-known figures who have nevertheless made classic contributions. For each theorist Niehans offers a biographical sketch followed by a description, interpretation, and critical assessment of his work. With the current revival of interest in the history of economics, economists will find A History of Economic Theory not only a rich source of information but also a challenging analysis of the dynamics of scientific progress.

"Well organized. Its chapters on monetary topics and marginalist writers are balanced and informative. Many economists neglected in other histories are here given their due...As a convenient desk reference, this book has much to offer."--'Journal of Economic History'

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Prologue: Populating the Pantheonp. 1
Subject Matter
Perspective
Populating the Pantheon
Periodization
Organization
The Classical Era (ca. 1680-1830)
The Leitmotiv of Classical Economicsp. 9
Antecedents: Supply and Demandp. 14
Commonplace Economics
The Scholastics
Mercantilism
Richard Cantillonp. 24
Life
The Essai
A Land Theory of Value
The "Three Rents."
Classical Monetary Theory
Place in the History of Economics
Appendix
Francois Quesnayp. 37
Life
Works
The Tableau Economique as a Circular Flow
The Tableau Economique as an Input-Output Table
The Tableau Economique as a Zigzag
Capital
Policy Maxims
Place in the History of Economics
Money: The Emergence of the Classical Traditionp. 48
John Law
David Hume
Pehr Niclas Christiernin
Adam Smithp. 60
Life
Works
Price
The Social Accounts
Labor and Wages
Land and Rent
Capital and Profit
The Invisible Hand
Liberalism and Mercantilism
Place in the History of Economics
Production and Factor Supplyp. 73
Jacques Turgot
James Anderson
Thomas Robert Malthus
John Rae
David Ricardop. 86
Life and Works
Value
The Invariable Measure of Value
Rent
Wages
Profits
Comparative Advantage
Monetary Theory
Place in the History of Economics
Money: The Completion of the Classical Traditionp. 105
Henry Thornton
Jean-Baptiste Say
Nassau Senior
Utility and Demandp. 118
Ferdinando Galiani and William Forster Lloyd
Daniel Bernoulli and Jeremy Bentham
John Stuart Mill
Jules Dupuit
Karl Marxp. 137
Life
Works
The Dialectic Model of History
Capitalism
Value
Two-Sector Balanced Growth
Falling Profits and the Collapse of Capitalism
Place in the History of Economics
The Marginalist Era (ca. 1830-1930)
The Leitmotiv of Marginalismp. 159
Johann Heinrich von Thunenp. 164
Life
Works
Rent and Factor Intensities for One Good
Resource Allocation and Location for Many Goods
Marginal Productivity
The Natural Wage
Capital and Interest
Thunen's Method
Place in the History of Economics
Antoine Augustin Cournotp. 176
Life
Works
The Law of Demand
Monopoly
Taxation
Duopoly
Pure Competition
Place in the History of Economics
Hermann Heinrich Gossenp. 187
Life
Work
Optimal Allocation of Time
Production
Exchange
Rent
Capital and Interest
Nationalization of Land
Place in the History of Economics
William Stanley Jevonsp. 197
Life
Works
Utility
Exchange
Capital and Interest
Mathematics
Place in the History of Economics
Leon Walrasp. 207
Life
Works
From Partial Equilibrium to General Equilibrium
The Tatonnement Process
Production and the Circular Flow
Investment and Interest
Money
Welfare
Place in the History of Economics
The Viennese Schoolp. 220
Carl Menger
Eugen von Bohm-Bawerk
Friedrich von Wieser
Alfred Marshallp. 236
Life
Works
From General Equilibrium to Partial Equilibrium
Reciprocal Demand Curves
The Marshallian Cross
Elasticity of Demand
Period Analysis of Supply
The Falling Supply Curve and Externalities
Place in the History of Economics
Knut Wicksellp. 247
Life
Works
Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution
Solving the Exhaustion Problem
The Capital Paradigm
The Cumulative Process
Place in the History of Economics
Vilfredo Paretop. 259
Life
Works
Pareto's Law of Income Distribution
Ordinal Utility
Pareto Optimality
Comparative Statics of Demand
Place in the History of Economics
Irving Fisherp. 267
Life
Works
Interdependent Goods
Interest Parity and Expectations
The Rate of Interest
The Quantity Theory of Money
Place in the History of Economics
Exchange and Pricesp. 279
Francis Ysidro Edgeworth
Rudolf Auspitz and Richard Lieben
Wilhelm Launhardt
Eugen Slutsky
Edward Chamberlin
Joan Robinson
The Era of Economic Models (since about 1930)
The Leitmotiv of the Model-Building Erap. 313
Welfarep. 318
Arthur Cecil Pigou
Frank Ramsey
Abba Lerner
Harold Hotelling
James Meade
John Maynard Keynesp. 345
Life
Principal Economic Works
Wage Rigidity
Effective Demand
The Multiplier
Liquidity Preference
The Futility of Wage Reductions
Stabilization Policy
The "Keynesian Revolution."
Place in the History of Economics
John Hicksp. 356
Life
Works
Production
Composite Goods
Comparative Statics and Stability
Period Dynamics and the Term Structure
Place in the History of Economics
The Plannersp. 372
Ragnar Frisch
Jan Tinbergen
Wassily Leontief
John von Neumannp. 392
Life
Works
The Theory of Games
The Existence of Growth Equilibrium
Cardinal Utility
Tjalling Koopmansp. 408
Life
Works
Econometrics
Linear Programming
Efficient Production
Place in the History of Economics
Paul Samuelsonp. 420
Life
Works
Revealed Preference
Factor Price Equalization
The Transfer Problem
The Correspondence Principle
Nonsubstitution
Public Goods
The Turnpike
Overlapping Generations
Randomness of Speculative Prices
Place in the History of Economics
Economic Growthp. 444
Joseph Schumpeter
Roy Harrod
Robert Solow
The Golden Rule
Monetary Macroeconomics: Neoclassical Synthesisp. 466
Lloyd Metzler
Franco Modigliani
James Tobin
Kenneth Arrowp. 480
Life
Works
Social Choice
The Welfare Theorems
Arrow-Debreu Equilibrium
Contingent Claims and Insurance
Health Economics
Place in the History of Economics
Monetary Macroeconomics: Policy Rulesp. 498
Milton Friedman
John Muth
Robert Lucas
Epilogue: The Dynamics of Scientific Progressp. 516
The Driving Forces
Responses
Success and Failure
Referencesp. 535
Author Indexp. 563
Subject Indexp. 571
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780801849763
ISBN-10: 0801849764
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 592
Published: 1st October 1994
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.87

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