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A History of Ancient Israel and Judah - J.Maxwell Miller

Paperback Published: 1st October 2006
ISBN: 9780664223588
Number Of Pages: 300

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This classic textbook, widely used for over two decades, constructs a history of ancient Israel and Judah through a thorough investigation of epigraphical, archaeological, and biblical sources.

Approaching biblical history as "history," Miller and Hayes examine the political and economic factors that give context to the Israelite monarchy's actions and the biblical writers' accounts.

Now updated with the latest research and critical discoveries, including the Tel Dan Inscription, and considering the lively debate surrounding the reliability of biblical accounts, Miller and Hayes's judicious and even-handed portrayal gives detailed attention to the nature, strengths, and limitations of various forms of evidence for understanding Israel's origins and early history.

The new edition also includes thirty-four new maps, helpful notes, and numerous charts and photographs.

About the Author

J. Maxwell Miller is Professor Emeritus of Old Testament at Candler School of Theology, Emory University, in Atlanta, Goergia.

Terrific Read which is Highly Informative


This text is a very well written informative accompaniment and source of readings for our subject on the History of Ancient Israel.

Toowoomba City Queensland Australia


History of Ancient Israel and Judah

5.0 1


List of Charts, Photographs, Maps, and Textsp. xiii
Prefacep. xvii
Abbreviationsp. xix
The Settingp. 1
The Chronological Contextp. 1
The Israelites and Judeans as "Latecomers"p. 3
Their Origins Shrouded in a Dark Agep. 3
Israel and Judah among the Peoples and Empires of the Iron Agep. 5
The Impact of Alexander's Conquestp. 6
The Geographical Contextp. 6
The Fertile Crescentp. 6
The Eastern Mediterranean Seaboardp. 9
Palestinep. 12
Everyday Life in Ancient Palestinep. 24
Epigraphy and Archaeologyp. 30
Epigraphical Evidencep. 30
Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Palestine as Known from Egyptian Sourcesp. 31
Early Iron Age Palestine's Heterogeneous Populationp. 33
Texts That Relate Specifically to Israelp. 39
Archaeological Evidencep. 43
Late Bronze Age Palestine (ca. 1550-1200 B.C.E.)p. 46
The Early Iron Agep. 48
Questionable Correlations between Archaeology and the Biblep. 51
Early Israel and the Early Iron Age Highland Settlementsp. 57
The Biblical Evidencep. 61
Summary of the Genesis-Judges Narrativep. 62
Difficulties with Using the Genesis-Judges Narrative for Historical Researchp. 69
Ancient Notions about the Pastp. 70
General Improbabilitiesp. 72
Internal Contradictionsp. 73
Composite Character of the Genesis-2 Kings Historyp. 73
Folk Materials Embedded in the Hebrew Biblep. 74
Folk Materials and Historical Evidencep. 77
Contemporary Approaches to the History of Ancient Israelp. 79
Our Approachp. 81
Earliest Israelp. 84
Families, Clans, and Tribesp. 85
Tribal Alignments and Territoriesp. 86
Ephraim and Satellite Tribesp. 86
Other Tribes Occasionally Involved in Ephraimite Affairsp. 89
Judahp. 94
Other Southern Tribal Groupsp. 96
Leadership among the Clans and Tribesp. 98
Religion and Cultp. 100
El, Baal, and Yahwehp. 102
Priestly Lines and Housesp. 106
Shechem and Shilohp. 108
Defining Early Israelp. 113
Eli, Samuel, and Saulp. 119
Eli, Samuel, and Saul according to 1 Samuelp. 120
Summary of 1 Samuel 1-15p. 120
General Characteristics of the 1 Samuel Accountp. 124
Separating the Traditions in 1 Samuelp. 126
Problem Areas for the Historianp. 129
Shiloh and the Elidesp. 132
The "Historical" Samuelp. 134
Saul, an Early Israelite Chieftainp. 135
Saul's Rise to Powerp. 136
The Territorial Extent of Saul's Chiefdomp. 139
Administrative Affairsp. 142
Saul and Yahwismp. 142
Opposition to Saulp. 143
Saul's Last Battlep. 143
Abner and Ish-boshethp. 145
Davidp. 148
David as Presented in the Biblical Materialsp. 149
Summary of 1 Samuel 16-1 Kings 2p. 149
Observations Regarding the Genesis-2 Kings Account of David's Reignp. 152
The Chronicler's Presentation of David's Reignp. 156
David and the Psalmsp. 158
The Biblical David and the Historical Davidp. 159
David in Saul's Courtp. 160
David the Renegadep. 162
Escape from Saul's Courtp. 162
David in Adullam and Vicinityp. 164
Roaming the Wilderness of Ziphp. 165
David with the Philistinesp. 166
David Rules from Hebronp. 167
David, King of Jerusalemp. 169
Dealing with Oppositionp. 172
The Execution of Saul's Descendantsp. 172
Absalom's Rebellionp. 173
Sheba's Revoltp. 176
David's Administrationp. 176
The "High Officials"p. 177
The Zadokites and the Priests of Nobp. 178
The Levitesp. 179
The Extent of David's Rule and His Frontier Warsp. 180
Determining the Extent of David's Direct Rulep. 180
David's Frontier Warsp. 182
Solomonp. 186
Solomon in the Biblical Materialsp. 188
The Genesis-2 Kings Presentation of Solomon's Reignp. 188
Summary of 1 Kings 1-11p. 188
Composition and Structure of 1 Kings 1-11p. 191
The Chronicler's Presentation of Solomonp. 195
Solomon and the "Wisdom" Booksp. 196
The Biblical Solomon and Historical Reconstructionp. 197
Solomon and Archaeologyp. 197
Possible Glimpses of the Historical Solomonp. 204
Solomon's Accession to the Thronep. 204
The Extent of Solomon's Kingdom and International Relationsp. 206
Solomon and International Commercep. 209
Solomon's Administrationp. 211
Solomon the Builderp. 214
Solomon and the Cultp. 216
Internal Conflictp. 219
Separate Kingdomsp. 221
The International Scene during the Mid-Centuries of the Iron Agep. 224
Peoples of the Iron Agep. 225
The Neo-Assyrian Empirep. 234
The Neo-Babylonian Empirep. 238
Sources of Information about the Two Kingdomsp. 239
The Hebrew Biblep. 239
Epigraphical Evidencep. 244
The Archaeology of Iron II Palestinep. 248
Matters of Interpretationp. 252
Origins of the Separate Kingdomsp. 253
Establishing Dates for the Kings of Israel and Judahp. 254
Four Decades of Hostilitiesp. 259
Sources for the Periodp. 259
The Biblical Materialsp. 259
Sheshonq's Inscriptionp. 261
The Shechem Assembly and Its Aftermathp. 262
The Constituency of the Shechem Assemblyp. 263
Rehoboam's Rejectionp. 264
The Role of the Tribe of Benjaminp. 265
Jeroboam at Shechemp. 265
Differences between the Kingdomsp. 266
Territorial Size and Strengthp. 266
Instability of the Northern Kingdomp. 267
Absence of a Sustaining Royal Theologyp. 268
The Role of Prophets in Northern Politicsp. 269
Rehoboam, Abijam, and Asa of Judahp. 271
Jeroboam, Nadab, Baasha, and Elah of Israelp. 274
Shishak's Invasionp. 278
Conflicts between the Kingdomsp. 279
The Omride Erap. 284
Sources for the Period and Their Problemsp. 286
The Omride Era as Presented in 1-2 Kingsp. 286
The Omride Era according to the Chroniclerp. 289
Royal Inscriptions of Moab, Assyria, and Syriap. 291
Archaeological Evidencep. 295
Conflicts in the Sourcesp. 295
Chronological Issuesp. 299
Israel at Its Zenith under Omri and Ahabp. 300
Omri's Rise to Powerp. 300
A New Capital at Samariap. 302
Omri and Ahab in International Affairsp. 303
Omri and Ahab as Buildersp. 311
Yahwism and Baalism under the Omridesp. 313
Ahab's Death and the Beginning of Decline under Ahaziahp. 315
Jehoshaphat of Judahp. 316
Jehoshaphat in the Shadow of Ahabp. 316
Jehoshaphat's Maritime Venturep. 319
The Two Jehorams (?)p. 320
The End of the Omrides in Israelp. 323
The Century of the Jehu Dynastyp. 327
Sources of Informationp. 327
The Biblical Materialsp. 327
Royal Assyrian and Syrian Recordsp. 329
Archaeologyp. 335
Chronological Mattersp. 336
Under Syrian Oppression and Recoveryp. 338
Jehu, Jehoahaz, and Joash of Israelp. 340
Athaliah, Joash, and Amaziah of Judahp. 347
National Restoration under Jeroboam II and Uzziahp. 352
Israel under Jeroboamp. 352
Judah under Uzziah and Jothamp. 356
Social and Religious Conditionsp. 357
The Era of Assyrian Domination: The End of the Kingdom of Israelp. 360
Sources for the Periodp. 360
Syria-Palestine and the Assyrian Empirep. 363
The Assyrian Conquest of the Eastern Mediterranean Seaboardp. 363
Assyrian Administrative Policiesp. 367
Chronological Issuesp. 369
Rezin's "Greater Syria"p. 371
The Last Years of Israelp. 374
Shallum and Menahemp. 376
Pekahiahp. 377
Pekahp. 378
The Syro-Ephraimite Attack on Jerusalemp. 378
Tiglath-pileser III's 734-731 Campaignp. 380
Hoshea and the Fall of Samariap. 383
The Assyrian Province of Samerinap. 388
Deportation and Resettlementp. 388
Of Lions and Priestsp. 390
The Era of Assyrian Domination: Judean History from Ahaz to Amonp. 392
Ahaz (Jehoahaz I)p. 393
Ahaz as Depicted in the Biblical Sourcesp. 394
Ahaz and the Syro-Ephraimite Crisisp. 395
Ahaz's Religious Practicesp. 398
Hezekiahp. 400
Hezekiah as Depicted in the Biblical Sourcesp. 400
Chronological Difficultiesp. 403
Sargon and Hezekiahp. 404
Hezekiah's Revolt and Sennacherib's Invasionp. 410
Manassehp. 421
Pax Assyriacap. 423
Assyrian-Egyptian Rapprochementp. 427
Manasseh and Assyriap. 433
Manasseh in Babylon?p. 436
Amonp. 437
The Last Years of the Davidic Kingdomp. 439
Sources for the Periodp. 439
The Accounts in 2 Kings and 2 Chroniclesp. 439
The Prophetical Booksp. 441
The Babylonian Chroniclesp. 441
Hebrew Ostracap. 442
Chronological Problemsp. 442
The Collapse of Assyria and the Rise of Babyloniap. 444
Cimmerians, Scythians, and Medesp. 445
Egypt and Syria-Palestinep. 446
The Rise of Babylonp. 448
The Last Days of Assyriap. 449
Judah and International Affairsp. 450
Judah as an Egyptian Vassalp. 451
Judah and the Barbarian Movementsp. 453
The Reign of Josiahp. 454
Literary and Chronological Mattersp. 454
The Book of the Lawp. 455
Josiah's Reformp. 457
The Death of Josiahp. 460
Jehoahaz IIp. 461
Jehoiakimp. 462
King Jehoiakim and the Prophet Jeremiahp. 462
Judah as a Babylonian Vassalp. 466
Jehoiachinp. 468
Zedekiahp. 468
Judah under Babylonian Hegemonyp. 469
The Judean Rebellion and the Fall of Jerusalemp. 474
The Period of Babylonian Dominationp. 478
Sources for the Periodp. 478
Judah after the Fall of Jerusalemp. 479
General Destruction in the Landp. 479
Judean Exilesp. 480
Verification of Prophetic Proclamationp. 482
The Rule of Gedaliahp. 482
An Attempt at Davidic Restorationp. 485
Continuation of Cultic Lifep. 487
The Era of Babylonian Dominancep. 488
The Diasporap. 491
The Biblical Source Materialp. 492
Nonbiblical Sourcesp. 492
The Exiles in Babyloniap. 493
The Egyptian Diasporap. 496
The Era of the Persian Empirep. 498
Sources for the Periodp. 498
The Rise of Cyrus and the Persiansp. 500
Cyrus as Liberator and Propagandistp. 505
Persian Policy toward the Judean Exilesp. 508
The Political Situation in Judahp. 510
The Extent of the Returnp. 511
The Reconstruction of the Jerusalem Templep. 512
Cambysesp. 513
Darius Ip. 515
The Completion of Temple Reconstructionp. 518
Judah as a Persian Province after Darius Ip. 522
Persia and the West from Darius I to Artaxerxes IIIp. 524
The Activity of Ezra and Nehemiahp. 528
The Chronological Problemp. 528
The Work of Nehemiahp. 531
Ezra's Attempted Reformp. 535
Later Developments in the Periodp. 538
Scripture Indexp. 541
Name Indexp. 553
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780664223588
ISBN-10: 0664223583
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 300
Published: 1st October 2006
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.87
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised