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A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent : STUDIES IN NATURAL LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC THEORY - Karin Michelson

A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent

STUDIES IN NATURAL LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC THEORY

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Published: 31st May 1988
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This work is based on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the Department of Linguistics at Harvard University, although it represents an extensive revision and reorganization of that work. Large amounts of material that were not contained in the original have been added, and parts that address theoretical issues that, at least for the time being, have receded into the background, have been omitted. Many colleagues and friends have contributed to my sustained fascina- tion with as well as my understanding of lroquoian linguistics. First of all, I am grateful to the Iroquois who have contributed their profound knowl- edge and their friendship during my research: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the late Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the late Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I also deeply appreciate being part of a close-knit and supportive community of lroquoian linguists, and in particular I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for providing comments on the dissertation. I have also benefited from, and value highly, extremely stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury in the last few years. The influence of my advisers and friends will be evident throughout the work. I thank especially Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.

1: Introduction.- 1.1. Subgrouping.- 1.2. History.- 1.3. Theoretical Assumptions.- Notes.- 2: Segmental Phonology and Morphophonemic Processes.- 2.1. Description of Segments.- 2.2. Distribution of Segments.- 2.2.1. VV Sequences.- 2.2.2. CV Sequences.- 2.2.3. Mohawk Consonant Clusters.- 2.2.4. Mohawk Obstruent plus y Clusters.- 2.2.5. Oneida Consonant Clusters.- 2.2.6. Oneida Cluster Simplification.- 2.2.6.1. hCC and hC #.- 2.2.6.2. ChC.- 2.2.6.3. CCh.- 2.2.7. Onondaga Consonant Clusters.- 2.2.8. Cayuga Consonant Clusters.- 2.2.9. Seneca Consonant Clusters.- 2.2.10. Seneca and Cayuga Deletion and Epenthesis.- 2.2.10.1. Seneca h-deletion.- 2.2.10.2. Seneca and Cayuga h-epenthesis.- 2.2.10.3. Seneca and Cayuga e-epenthesis.- 2.2.10.4. Seneca and Cayuga t-deletion.- 2.2.10.5. Seneca and Cayuga Stop Deletion.- 2.2.10.6. Seneca t-deletion.- 2.3. Morphophonemic Alternations.- 2.3.1. Loss of r or l from Masculine Prefixes.- 2.3.2. a + i ? ?.- 2.3.3. Vowel Deletion.- 2.3.4. Dissimilation.- 2.3.5. (w)a(?) + wa ? u.- 2.3.6. y-deletion.- 2.3.7. Simplification of ?h.- 2.3.8. Word-initial h-deletion.- 2.3.9. Word-initial Glide Deletion.- 2.4. Overview of Morphology.- 2.5. Abbreviations.- Notes.- 3: Accent.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Mohawk Accent.- 3.2.1. Accent and Tonic Lengthening.- 3.2.2. Laryngeal Lengthening.- 3.2.3. Exceptions to Laryngeal Lengthening.- 3.2.4. Intervocalic Laryngeals.- 3.3. Oneida Accent.- 3.3.1. Penultimate Accent.- 3.3.2. Accent Shift.- 3.3.3. Laryngeal Lengthening.- 3.3.4. Exceptions to Laryngeal Lengthening.- 3.3.5. Intervocalic Laryngeals.- 3.3.6. Weakening in Posttonic Syllables.- 3.3.7. Utterance-final Phenomena.- 3.3.7.1. Utterance-final Devoicing.- 3.3.7.2. Resonant Devoicing.- 3.3.7.3. Utterance-final Epenthesis.- 3.3.7.4. Utterance-final Glide Vocalization.- 3.3.7.5. Utterance-final "Shortening".- 3.3.7.6. Utterance-final Lengthening.- 3.3.7.7. Posttonic ? ? h.- 3.3.7.8. No Devoicing.- 3.4. Onondaga Accent.- 3.4.1. Separation of Pitch and Stress.- 3.4.2. Vowel Lengthening.- 3.4.2.1. Tonic Lengthening.- 3.4.2.2. Pretonic Lengthening.- 3.4.2.3. Second Syllable Lengthening.- 3.5. Cayuga Accent.- 3.5.1. A New Accent Rule.- 3.5.2. Pretonic Lengthening.- 3.5.3. Accent of the Joiner Vowel.- 3.5.4. Laryngeal Metathesis.- 3.6. Seneca Accent.- 3.6.1. Penultimate Lengthening.- 3.6.1.1. Penultimate Lengthening and a.- 3.6.1.2. Nasalization and Assimilation of a.- 3.6.1.3. Penultimate Lengthening in VV < *VrV.- 3.6.1.4. Penultimate Lengthening in VV < *VhV.- 3.6.2. Accent.- 3.6.2.1. The Accent Rule.- 3.6.2.2. Interaction with Vowel Lengthening.- Notes.- 4: Glide/Vowel Alternations.- 4.1. Introduction.- 4.2. y/i Alternations.- 4.3. w/o Alternations.- Notes.- 5: e-Epenthesis.- 5.1. Introduction.- 5.2. Mohawk e-epenthesis.- 5.3. e-epenthesis in other LI Languages.- 5.3.1. Oneida.- 5.3.2. Onondaga.- 5.3.3. Cayuga.- 5.3.4. Seneca.- 5.4. Mohawk e-epenthesis in Historical Perspective.- Appendix I: Partial Reanalysis of Stems in Mohawk.- Appendix II: Partial Reanalysis of Stems in Oneida.- Notes.- 6: The Joiner Vowel.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Mohawk.- 6.2.1. Preaccent and Postaccent Joiner Insertion.- 6.2.2. Morphological and Phonological Conditions for Joiner Insertion.- 6.3. Oneida.- Notes.- 7: *r-Loss in the Western Languages.- 7.1. Introduction.- 7.2. Intervocalic *r-loss.- 7.3. Outcome of *ara.- 7.4. Postconsonantal *r loss.- 7.5. Preconsonantal *r-loss.- 7.6. Synchronic Alternations in Seneca.- 7.6.1. Stem-final Obstruent plus *(h)r.- 7.6.2. Stem-initial *r or *hr plus Rounded Vowel.- 7.6.3. Stem-final *ry.- Notes.- Conclusion.- References.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.

ISBN: 9781556080548
ISBN-10: 1556080549
Series: STUDIES IN NATURAL LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC THEORY
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 198
Published: 31st May 1988
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.2
Weight (kg): 1.05