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'Aryanisation' in Hamburg : The Economic Exclusion of Jews and the Confiscation of their Property in Nazi Germany - Frank Bajohr

'Aryanisation' in Hamburg

The Economic Exclusion of Jews and the Confiscation of their Property in Nazi Germany

Hardcover Published: 30th January 2002
ISBN: 9781571814845
Number Of Pages: 356

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Much has been written about Nazi anti-Jewish policies, about atrocities of the Wehrmacht, and about the life of the Jews during the Third Reich. However, relatively little is known about the behavior of non-Jewish Germans. This book, published to wide acclaim in its original edition, shows how many "ordinary Germans" became involved in what they saw as a legally sanctioned process of ridding Germany and Europe of their Jews. Bajohr's study offers a major contribution to our understanding of this process in that it focusses on one of its most important aspects, namely the gradual exclusion of Jews from economic life in Hamburg, one of the largest centers of Jewish life in Europe and one in which many of them had been part of the Hanseatic patriciate before 1933. The sad conclusion of this study is that it was not necessarily antisemitism that motivated "ordinary burghers" but unrestrained greed that led them to betray their former co-citizens.

"Bajohr's study, a kind of grassroot history, cannot be praised highly enough. Not only is it a superb monograph on the topic at hand, it also provides a wealth of information and insight into the inner workings of Hamburg's economy and government, as well as on various aspects of daily life during the Nazi period. It is full of illuminating detail."
Central European History

Bajohr's clearly argued and carefully documented study both expands our understanding of the complex processes of 'Aryanization' and questions previous interpretations of its timing and agents ... Perhaps most importantly, it chronicles how a large proportion of 'Aryan' Germans came to see economic exclusion and expropriation as legitimate and desirable projects."
Patterns of Prejudice

..". the first that deals with the economy of a single city ... a well-written work that would appeal to scholars and those interested in a deeper understanding of what contributed to the Holocaust."
History: Reviews of New Books

"This searing book about 'Aryanisation', the process by which the Nazis robbed Jews of their economic livelihood, presents a lucid and riveting analysis of a little investigated subject. Compassionate towards the victims of the Third Reich's 'Aryanisation' program and enraged by the perpetrators, Dr. Bajohr has set a new standard for Holocaust scholarship. Integrating several narrative threads - the Nazi's economic policy, popular reactions, Jewish responses - this book is about people: people who harmed; who profited; who were robbed and exploited; who watched. Creatively conceived and meticulously documented, [this book] will become a classic work on this subject." - Deb rah Dwork, Director, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University

..". an excellent study ... Bajohr demonstrates - in a fascinating final chapter...-the degree to which the economic embodiment of anti-Semitism reveals the Holocaust to be grubby, mundane and everyday, as well as horrific and unimaginable."
German History

"Bajohr's study, a kind of grassroots history, cannot be praised highly enough. Not only is it a superb monograph on the topic at hand, it also provides a wealth of information and insight into the inner workings of Hamburg's economy and government, as well as on various aspects of daily life during the Nazi period. It is full of illuminating details, the presentation of which never becomes tedious, for each fact throws light on another facet of the whole."
Central European History

Introduction: The destruction or 'Aryanisation' of Jewish businesses in Nazi Germanyp. 1
Antisemitism 'from below' during the first phase of National Socialist rulep. 16
Antisemitic riots 1933-34p. 16
Middle-class antisemitismp. 20
The campaign against Beiersdorf AGp. 22
The Detuv affairp. 26
The boycott of 1 April 1933p. 28
First dismissals of Jewish employeesp. 34
Decision-makers and trends in National Socialist anti-Jewish policy in Hamburg, 1933-1937p. 43
Underlying factors and problems for National Socialist anti-Jewish policy making in Hamburgp. 43
Anti-Jewish policy: regional decision-makersp. 47
The attitude of the Chamber of Commerce and Hamburg business circles to National Socialist anti-Jewish policiesp. 53
The 'Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service'p. 58
Public contracts and Jewish enterprisesp. 68
Displacement and early 'Aryanisations' through state interventionp. 73
The initiating role of the NSDAP and the registration of Jewish enterprisesp. 80
Anti-Jewish policy in comparative perspective: Hamburg and Munichp. 84
Jewish businessmen: economic situation and individual and political strategiesp. 104
The demographic and economic situation of Hamburg's Jewsp. 104
Spotlight on the everyday business of Jewish enterprises after 1933--three examplesp. 109
The 'Jewish economic sector': opportunities and limitsp. 114
Attempts to rescue propertyp. 121
The political initiatives of Hamburg banker Max Warburg, 1933-38p. 125
Transition to the systematic 'de-Judaisation' of the Hamburg economy, 1936-37p. 142
The NSDAP Gau Economics Adviser as authority for 'Aryanisations'p. 143
Excursus: The end of the Walter Bamberger travel agencyp. 152
Foreign exchange control as pacemaker for the process of expropriationp. 154
Foreign exchange policy and the liquidation or 'Aryanisation' of Jewish enterprises
Five examples
The Walter Jacoby firm, sugar exportersp. 158
J. Jacobi and Co.p. 160
Labowsky and Co.p. 162
Gotthold and Co./Metallwerk Peute GmbHp. 163
The Arnold Bernstein Shipping Companyp. 165
The Foreign Exchange Control Office of the Regional Finance President and the radicalisation of the normative statep. 167
On the significance of the 'change of course' in the Reich Economics Ministry at the end of 1937p. 174
'Aryanisation' under apparently legal conditions (April-November 1938)p. 185
Actors and decision-makers responsible for 'Aryanisation' after 26 April 1938p. 185
The participation of commercial institutions in the 'Aryanisation' and liquidation of Jewish enterprisesp. 188
Repressive measures and the context of 'Aryanisation', 1938p. 193
'De-Judaisation' and middle-class interests: The 'Aryanisation' of Jewish chain stores in Hamburg (Bottina Shoes Ltd, Speier's Shoe Store, the Gazelle Corset Store, Fiedler's Stocking Store)p. 198
'Aryanisation' between the interests of the Reich and regional interests: The Hamburg Reich Governor and the sale of much sought-after 'Jewish property' (Kraftwagen-Handels und Betriebsgesellschaft mbH, M.M. Warburg and Co., Kohlbrand-Werft Paul Berendsohn, Fairplay Schleppdampfschiffs-Reederei Richard Borchardt)p. 205
Selling off and liquidating enterprises and the race for personal enrichment: 'De-Judaisation' and 'Aryanisation' from November 1938p. 222
The 'Reich Crystal Night' as a radicalising factorp. 222
The liquidation and forced 'Aryanisation' of Jewish businessesp. 230
The seizure of real estate owned privately by Jewsp. 237
The financial despoliation of individual Jewsp. 244
Corruption and nepotismp. 250
The behaviour of those who acquired Jewish property--a typologyp. 265
Other beneficiariesp. 259
Looking for profit: beyond the city limitsp. 273
Hamburg's industry and National Socialist expansion policy after 1938-39p. 273
The population of Hamburg as material beneficiaries of the murder of the Jewsp. 277
Conclusionp. 285
Register of Jewish firms that were 'Aryanised' or liquidated in 1938-39p. 292
Tablesp. 306
Abbreviationsp. 316
Sources and other literaturep. 319
Indexp. 336
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781571814845
ISBN-10: 1571814841
Series: Monographs in German History
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 356
Published: 30th January 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.64